The Panavia Tornado is a swing-wing twin-engine fighter-bomber, built by Panavia, a tri-national consortium consisting of British Aerospace, MBB of West Germany, and Alenia Aeronautica of Italy, the Tornado first flew on 14 August, 1974.
Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program, with 10 manned flights between 1965 and 1966. Its objective was to develop techniques for advanced space travel, notably those necessary for Project Apollo, whose objective was to land humans on the Moon. Gemini missions included the first American spacewalks, and new orbital maneuvers including rendezvous and docking.
Time lapse sequence using a photographic technique called tilt-shift, set to music. Photography by Keith Loutit http://vimeo.com/keithloutit
The SR-71 remains the world's fastest and highest-flying production aircraft, capable of Mach 3+ at altitudes of over 85,000 feet. In flight the titanium skin is heated to 500°C and expands by 15cm. The fuselage has longtitudinal creases to absorb this heat expansion but unsealed tanks leak fuel while on the ground. The Pratt & Whitney J-58 enigines start flight as turbojets, then become ramjets above Mach 1.6, requiring a steep dive due to anaemic low speed peformance. The SR-71's JP-7 fuel is used as a coolant and lubricant during flight, and contains caesium to mask the radar signature of the exhaust plume.
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, also known as the "Jug" was the largest single-engined fighter of its day. It was one of the main USAAF fighters of WWII, and also served with other Allied air forces. The P-47 was effective in air combat but proved especially adept at ground attack. It had eight .50-caliber machine guns, four per wing. When fully loaded the P-47 could weigh up to eight tons.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter used by the RAF during WW2, where it achieved legendary status in the Battle of Britain.
The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow was a delta-winged interceptor aircraft, designed and built by Avro Aircraft Limited in Canada. Not long after the 1958 start of its flight test program, the development of the Arrow was abruptly and controversially halted, sparking a long and bitter political debate.
The Sukhoi Su-25 is a Soviet single-seat, twin-engine close air support jet. The first prototype made its maiden flight on 22 February 1975. NATO assigned the aircraft the name "Frogfoot". Russian pilots nicknamed it "Grach" ("Rook"). The pilot sits low in the cockpit, protected by an armoured bathtub assembly which makes for a cramped cockpit. Visibility is also limited, a trade-off for improved pilot protection. Rearwards visibility is very limited, compensated by a periscope.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was a WWII American fighter aircraft. A very versatile aircraft, the Lightning was used for dive bombing, ground strafing and photo reconnaissance missions. The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in active production throughout ww2, from Pearl Harbor to VJ Day.