This SpacePod was researched and written by Jeffrey Alles
Space weather in the palm of your hand, a new use for forty year old Russian rocket engines, and our moon is AWESOME! I'm Benjamin Higginbotham and this is your Spacevidcast SpacePod for December 22nd, 2010.
Orbital Sciences Corporation on Sunday executed a successful test of their AJ26 rocket engine at the NASA Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. The kerosene based engine is the first stage of the Taurus II rocket in development by Orbital to launch the Cygnus robotic resupply spacecraft to the International Space Station. The test lasted 55 seconds while the AJ26 engine was pushed to 108% of it's baseline thrust. Sunday was the first time the thrust vector control system was tested, a system vital for spacecraft steering during the four minute first stage burn. According to Orbital Sciences, all primary objectives were met successfully. Two AJ26 engines, which are modified Russian NK-33 engines originally designed for the Soviet Union's N1 moon rocket, will be used on each Taurus II. How do you make an NK-33 into an AJ26? Aerojet, the company behind the AJ26, test fires an NK-33 in Russia and if cleared for use, removes some of the original equipment, replaces the electronics and gimbal system, and clears the engine to use kerosene. Orbital will be test firing an AJ26 again in mid-January to check engine control valve tuning. The maiden voyage of Taurus II is scheduled to take place in the second half of 2011, from Wallops Island, Virginia.
Yesterday we talked about a great app for iPhone users called MissionClock. But what about a space geek app for the millions of Android users out there, like me? A company in Colorado has released an app for Android phones that allows users to see near real time images from the sun through the Solar Dynamics Observatory. The application was commissioned by NASA and developed by Atmospheric and Space Technology Research Associates, or ASTRA. According to the head of ASTRA, not only are scientists using it but amateurs and novices with an interest in space weather can also download and use the app. No stranger to space weather software, ASTRA also develops an Android application, aptly called SpaceWeather, that accesses ASTRA's network, and models space weather conditions, right in the palm of your hand. Look for both applications in the Android Marketplace.
Yesterday we covered the use of LRO's LOLA instrument to create maps of the moon with unprecedented accuracy. Well, another map release was made; this time by the European Space Agency or ESA. GlobCover 2009 is an improvement upon the same effort from five years ago, called GlobCover 2005. Using a years worth of data from the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer on ESA's Envisat satellite, ESA and Université catholique de Louvain created the sharpest global land cover map ever created. The data was captured between Janurary 1st and December 31st 2009. These maps, which are freely available from ESA's website, can be used in any number of applications ranging from environmental studies to managing natural resources.
And speaking of the moon, I can't think of a better way to end this SpacePod than with the Winter Solstice Lunar Eclipse. If you missed this one, your next viewing opportunity for a Lunar Eclipse that happens on Winter Solstice will be December 21st, 2094. Enjoy.
On our 100th live show we have special guest Andrew Chaikin who is a very well known author for his books detailing the space program. ;Chaikin is best known as the author of A Man on the Moon: The Voyages of the Apollo Astronauts, widely regarded as the definitive account of the moon missions. First published in 1994, this acclaimed work was the main basis for Tom Hanks' 12-part HBO miniseries, From the Earth to the Moon, which won the Emmy for best miniseries in 1998. Chaikin spent eight years writing and researching A Man on the Moon, including over 150 hours of personal interviews with 23 of the 24 lunar astronauts (Apollo 13's Jack Swigert was already deceased). Apollo moonwalker Gene Cernan said of the book, "I've been there. Chaikin took me back." A new edition of the book, with a new afterword for the 50th anniversary of the space age, was published by Penguin in 2007. You can find Andrew online at
Learn all about our exciting 2014 Alaska cruise season, including the debut of Crown Princess sailing our top-rated Voyage of the Glaciers itinerary, by watching this preview video hosted by Jan Swartz, Executive Vice President for Sales, Marketing and Customer Service for Princess Cruises.
Welcome to TIBET - a land so rich in culture tradition and steeped in religion along the far flung unique landscape, aptly called the Roof of the World. Let the age old Tibetan mysteries cast an enchanted spell that holds a visitor in thrill and excitement. The first part of the Tibet tour offers fascinating views of the incredible formation of the highest plateau of the world with awesomely beautiful rocks, cascades and canyons slightly hidden in the thin flying mists amidst the mighty presence of Mt. Everest (8,848m), Shishapagma (8,035m) and the 2nd part of Tibet Tour brings you so close to the Shangri-La of TIBET making you feel yourself as being part of a unique culture, a rich tapestry woven with legends, myths, rituals and festivals.
The last part takes you over the majestic Himalayas offering you the long cherished breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges including Mt. Everest (8848m) by an hour long Trans -Himalayan flight on your way back from Lhasa to Kathmandu. Most interestingly, This Tibet tour offers a lifetime opportunity to admire and compare the magnificence of the lofty Himalayas from three dimensions-from south, north & sky. Your memories of holiday in Tibet is enriched by the lingering impression of the most lavishly decorated huge monasteries & temples, saffron colored monks, ever smiling people & their typical lifestyle and above all, the challenging Himalayas.
This is the right overland tour which covers the most of the best parts of Tibet promising you a holiday that is more than a dream-a voyage of adventure and discovery. Discover Tibet through this special Tibet Tour package at a very special price, never before, with HTL YAK or similar in Lhasa and available hotels/guest houses outside Lhasa en route-all on Bed & Breakfast basis. Visit Tibet with us, you will be fascinated
R-Type Command review. Classic Game Room presents a CGRundertow review of R-Type Command for PSP. War. The final frontier. These are the voyages of... um... R-Type. From the venerable line of shmups comes a tactical wargame... in space! Maneuver through hexes of nothingness, equip force units to your ships, and blow the enemy apart in a strange - but completely worthwhile - interpretation of a classic name in gaming. This video review features video gameplay footage of R-Type Command for PSP and audio commentary from Classic Game Room's TJ.
The Commodity Code - How it Works - Read review on http://www.thecommoditycodes.com/
Commodity Code Articles
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I trade with gold and silver for over 10 years as well as have actually tried many things out. I was not able to discover a little something really fantastic or significant that would definitely transform the way I trade. Couple of months back, one of my good friends called me early in the morning ... He was really ecstatic as well as he was informing me he made revenue while he was a slumber as well as he continuously maintained talking about "commodity code". First I had issue comprehending exactly what he was mentioning, yet very soon I understood he was talking about an automated means of trading. I was skeptic, simply considering that I did not see it as well as I didn't realize how it operates ... I looked it up as well as I was still skeptic since of my previous encounters with such claims. I planninged to his location and also saw the outcomes. I did not be reluctant ever again and I decided to make use of the Commodity Code myself. I put in a modest amount of cash in it considering that I was still skeptic and also have actually believed it may have been simply a blessed duration for my buddy. After 1st calendar month of trading I was stunned with the results I had, and also I instantly pulled all my money into it since I was not sure precisely how long will certainly it last till other people find out about it and also begin utilizing it ... Till this day my net well worth is 1500 % of exactly what it used to be as well as I'm making a constant revenue. The Commodity Code is such a mathematical miracle; it gives the fabulous forecast of exactly what will definitely take place. Occasionally Commodity Code does points that appear illogical to me however after some time period I know I can not be a lot more wrong and also I would certainly make a horrific blunder by doing reverse of just what Commodity Code does.
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Well, those days are behind me, since Because have found identified a little something made me end up every month calendar month a great fabulous Income With Commodity Code you will will definitely equipped prepared all the tools you need want make a perfect right. Certainly never listen to people specifying that gold has peaked or may peak quickly due to the fact that there are therefore numerous aspects that impact the cost and also it is impossible for one human to take it all in to bank account and come up with a correct prediction ... Over the year all this data was placed into specialized computer software that was examining it to gold, oil and silver prices and based on variables input and the actual cost as the outcome of these variables, the software application was providing out the features that define the effect of each factor on gold, oil as well as silver costs. The computer software was able to take intricate increased consequences of variables into account which suggests studying the consequence on price of two, 3, ten or also hundred blended aspects.
I have definitely made actually adequate hard earned cash to live my life in luxury and I have certainly passed that quest of having valuable, the voyage that everyone is trying to pass, with no work as well as sweat, and also all that time, that I generally used to devote operating all day, I invest with my spouse as well as little ones.
James Cameron’s Titanic is an epic, action-packed romance set against the ill-fated maiden voyage of the R.M.S. Titanic, the pride and joy of the White Star Line and, at the time, the largest moving object ever built. She was the most luxurious liner of her era -- the “ship of dreams” -- which ultimately carried over 1,500 people to their death in the ice cold waters of the North Atlantic in the early hours of April 15, 1912.
Ben Barnes takes questions exclusively from users of Uinterview.com about his role in 'Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader'
Ever since the third Narnia movie got canned by Disney last December, there have been talks about production company Walden Media trying to find a new partner for Voyage of the Dawn Treader. And now they did. A fan's reaction.
Carl Sagan wrote this about the photo taken by Voyager of Earth 22 years ago this month. This was the last picture taken by Voyager at a distance of 4 billion miles away.
Video and stills of our friend Tom's large kites and the maiden voyage of his double box kite!
Dec. 26, 2011 -- Richard Cawley's exquisite metal work has quickly made him one of the most sought after artistic talents in the Northwest region. Follow along as he takes us though a fantastic voyage of music and metal sculture.
More on Richard Cawley:
Video by Diggable Monkey
Shot and edited by Kevin Balmer
As our lives go on earth; we go to work to support the family, pay our bills, and try to make a living in a world that is growing more difficult as the years go on. It is so easy to become absorbed into this world, with all its joys & problems (even subconsciously.) At times, I struggle with this, and the Lord has brought it upon me to make a video for you; of the hope I have received from Him. It's a hope that I believe you too can have, and the most wonderful thing is that we will be experiencing this lifestyle together when the Lord returns a second time to take us home.
Ever wondered why some part of you just never really felt that "home" was here on earth? That is God's way of telling you your home is somewhere beyond the constellations of our own sky. It is true that our eyes are the window to our own soul, but when you look up at the sky through a telescope and you see the wonderful things God has forged with love, artistry and majesty (i.e. the Horsehead Nebula in Orion, or M45 - the Pleidas Star Cluster), it is easy to see why those beautiful locations are also the windows to our future home and kingdom in Yeshua.
There is an endless journey ahead for all who call & believe in His Name. And the best part of the journey are the joys we will experience in our hearts with each other with the Holy Spirit by our side. God will physically make Himself available to comfort each of us in our times of need. This is a promise of the Savior that those with grief shall be comforted (Matthew 5:4 - "Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.") Our time in this world is highly finite, it is but a drop of water compared to an endless ocean. Our time here may be difficult, but it is also a precious opportunity to bring our brothers & sisters together for the voyage of eternity. This opportunity for eternal life is far too valuable to miss, and the only way we can receive it is through the grace & love of our lord Yeshua. What choice will you make?
http://SupremeMasterTV.com – Exploring Chile’s La Campana National Park (In Spanish). Episode: 1733, Air Date: 13 June 2011.
Today’s A Journey through Aesthetic Realms will be presented in Spanish, with subtitles in Arabic, Aulacese (Vietnamese), Chinese, English, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.
Greetings, loving viewers, and welcome to A Journey through Aesthetic Realms on Supreme Master Television. In today’s episode, please join us on a journey to a place of splendid natural beauty, La Campana National Park in Chile.
Created on October 17, 1967, the park is located more than 96 kilometers northwest of Santiago in Cordillera de la Costa. It is shared between the Hijuelas District of the Quillota Province and the Olmué District of the Marga-marga Province in Valparaiso, at the southern edge of the Aconcagua Valley. With an elevation between 400 and 2,220 meters above sea level, the 8,000-hectare reserve is divided into three sectors: the 5,440-hectare Palmas de Ocoa, the 1,588-hectare Cajón Grande, and the 972-hectare Granizo.
As the only protected wild area in the Central Region of continental Chile, the national park is well-known for its ancient palm forests made up of the endemic Jubaea Chilensis. It is administered by Chile's National Forest Corporation (CONAF), a state agency responsible for the conservation of the nation’s wildlife heritage and the sustainable use of forest resources.
La Campana National Park has a Mediterranean climate with cloudy mornings along the coast and marked temperature homogeneity throughout the year. Rainfall comes mostly in winter, with an annual average of 450 millimeters near the ocean and about 250 millimeters in inland areas.
Despite the scarcity of water resources, there is a beautiful 35-meter-high waterfall named La Cortadera in the Palmas de Ocoa sector, surrounded by verdant cliffs. A soft trail along the Rabuco brook towards the Rabuco Marsh unveils magnificent palm groves in their awe-inspiring beauty.
The Cajón Grande sector of the park is characterized by the Manzano Creek and several fresh water ponds including La Poza del Coipo. The pristine water bodies are reachable through two paths named Portezuelo Ocoa and El Plateau.
Some of the most spectacular views of the park are seen in the Granizo sector. The famous El Andinista Trail stretches 7 kilometers, leading to the peak of Cerro La Campana, or the Bell Mountain, for which the park was named. At an altitude of 1,900 meters, the rocky summit presents a fantastic panorama of the surrounding valleys, the Pacific Ocean, and the Andes Mountains. On a clear day, the endless rolling snowcrests of the Andes under the azure sky may make one feel in awe of the surrounding splendor. Among the pinnacles visible from Cerro La Campana is Mount Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Southern Hemisphere.
The five hours of trekking along the El Andinista Trail before arriving at the summit provides many opportunities for visitors to fully appreciate the park’s flora and fauna. Another trail one can take, La Canasta, also offers a wonderful experience of being in close proximity to the vibrant plants and animals in the area.
In 1834, the natural spectacles and rich biodivesity of the region were greatly admired by a naturalist from Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England named Charles Darwin. During his second voyage of HMS Beagle in 1834, Mr. Darwin ascended Cerro La Campana and spent an entire day on the hilltop. He wrote in his journal:
“Chile and its boundaries the Andes and the Pacific were seen as in a Map. ... Who can avoid admiring the wonderful force which has upheaved these mountains, & even more so the countless ages which it must have required to have broken through, removed & leveled the entire masses of them?”
Today, a commemorating plaque can be found on the hillside of La Campana with a short quote from his book “My Trip around the World.” It is also worth noting that on a number of occasions Mr. Darwin advocated a vegetarian diet as the one must beneficial to humankind. He is quoted as saying, “The love for all living creatures is the most noble attribute of man.”
In the middle of a long narrow land strip, with the virtually impassable Andes to the east, the unique location of La Campana National Park played an important role in the evolution of the wildlife living in the park. It is a center of the convergence of northern, central and southern Andean zones. The distribution of vegetations clearly follows the altitude and closeness to the ocean.
Major plant communities include Nothofagus forest, hygrophilous forest, sclerophyll forest, matorral, bamboo thicket, succulent scrub, high altitude communities, and palm forest. More than 1,800 vascular plant varieties are present in the area, with 545 species documented in the park, including those from 37 Chilean endemic genera. The park is rich in edible, medicinal, and decorative plants.
The Chilean palm is the only palm species native to mainland Chile. It is also the world's southernmost continental palm. Reaching up to 25 meters tall and 1.3 meters in base diameter, the tree has a smooth bark. Measuring 2 to 3 centimeters across, the edible fruits are wrapped in a firm husk. Currently having more than 60,000 adult specimens, the park’s Chilean palm grove is the world’s largest remaining Jubaea palm forest in the world.
At the foothill of La Campana, 900 meters above the sea level, it is interesting to find a significant presence of oak forests, a genus thought to be native to the northern atmosphere.
La Campana National Park is also abundant with cacti. The most noticeable species is Echinopsis chiloensis, which can grow up to 8 meters in height. These Chilean flora are found at an elevation of 700 to 1,100 meters, and produce large white flowers and delicious fruits. An amazing trait of this kind of cactus, which is shared by a few other Chilean cacti, is its resistance to freezing temperature. Echinopsis chiloensis is known to survive minus 8 degree Celsius and even snow fall! Its resilient nature and ease to cultivate have made it a popular ornamental plant.
The special geological and climatary conditions of La Campana National Park are well-suited for the coexistence of a range of animals typical of central Chile. This results in a high representation of Chilean Mediterranean species as well as cats and migratory birds. Mammals include the Andean Fox South American Gray Fox, Lesser Grison, as well as rodents such as the mostly veg chinchilla, cururo, and vizcacha.
Among the frequently observed birds are the giant hummingbird, the Magellanic Horned Owl, Moustached Turca, Variable Hawk, the Chilean Pigeon, Chilean mockingbirds, Dusky Tailed Canastero, White throated Tapaculo, the black chested buzzard-eagle, as well as finches and crown sparrows. The Giant Hummingbird is the largest hummingbird in the world, reaching up to 22 centimeters in length. They exhibit a very fast wing beats 10 to 15 beats a second to balance them while remaining at one place in the air to drink nectar from flowers.
The area is also inhabited with a good number of reptiles and amphibian species, as well as invertebrates such as the famous Chilean rose tarantula.
The unique biodiversity of the park has become the basis for its designation as a World Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1985. Archeological evidence representing human activities during different eras supports the existence of a number of prehistorical societies in the park’s area.
Different settlement patterns, ceremonial features and forms of subsistence have been linked to socio-cultural groups such as Bato, Aconcagua, and Inca. In the Ocoa region, researchers have discovered “tacitas” (cups) stones, mortars, potteries, and other stone artifacts commonly found in farming communities. Of particular interest are “marais,” a stone tool used to break rocks to obtain minerals such as copper.
Historical structures representing the early presence of European culture have also been found in various parts of Ocoa Valley, including cabins, kilns that burned charcoal, ovens for producing palm syrup, and irrigation devices. Thanks to its flourishing surroundings, culture attraction, and good maintenance, the park has been a popular destination since its establishment. It has been used as a teaching facility to show schoolchildren the beauty of nature and to create environmental awareness.
These tours are guided by friendly rangers who lead inquisitive youths around the reserve and show them various trees, flowers, animals, and insects. They also demonstrate how to care for the flora and fauna in native habitats. From a young age, local children are imparted with the concept: the Earth does not belong to human; human belongs to the Earth. Another exciting phenomenon is that almost all year round, there are sightings of Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) in the park area, which have been reported by individuals in Quilpue and Valparaiso. Perhaps the beauty of the park not only fascinates humans, but also draws the admiration of visitors from far away.
La Campana National Park plays a unique role in the conservation of Chilean endemic wildlife. May the natural wonders and cultural relics of this magnificent ecological garden be well preserved for many generations to cherish.
Affectionate viewers, thank you for joining us today on A Journey through Aesthetic Realms. Please stay tuned to Supreme Master Television for Vegetarianism: The Noble Way of Living, after Noteworthy News. May God forever bless you with light and love.
This week, Bob gets on board for Voyage of the Dawn Treader.