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The 12th of January was the first day of real action for F19. To get an idea of the situation the unit commander flew a recce mission to Kemijärvi-Salla area. After the mission orders were given to harass the road traffic. At 9.00 hrs nine Gladiators took off from Kemi and flew to OSCAR base at Olkkajärvi in order to refuel for a support mission. Because of the extremely cold weather only four Gladiators started at OSCAR with four Harts at 12.50 hrs. The Swedish pilots wore face masks because of the cold breeze on their first war mission. The group found enemy road traffic west of Märkjärvi. The Harts attacked using bombs and the Gladiators strafed the cars with effective results. From Märkjärvi the formation headed to a Soviet air base, which woke up immediately, when the Swedish aircraft showed above the base. Fighters scrambled from the ice base and AAA started to shoot. Lt. Sterner and ensign Jung hit the barracks and the HQ building with their fire. Ensign Mörner hit a fighter taking off from the ice. Also another fighter was destroyed on the ice. Ensign Iacobi shot down an I-15 off the tail of his buddy. But there was a high price to be paid for the success; after the attack Sterner's and Jung's Harts collided in the air probably because of a shot steering wire. Jung's Hart lost an engine and fell to the ground tail first. In the other Hart Jung commanded several times his navigator, Lt. Zachau to parachute, but he couldn't escape from his position. Sterner was saved by his parachute. Also Jung's navigator, Sgt. Sunsten couldn't escape from his position. At 500 m (1.700 ft) altitude Jung parachuted out. The Hart continued its dive tail first, straightened at 50 m (170 ft) and fell to the woods in normal position. Sgt. Sunsten climbed out unharmed while the enemy fighters strafed the Hart. The other aircraft spread and ensign Fänström's Hart strayed away from them. While he was flying south three enemy fighters attacked and Fänström dived down to the treetops. At 50 m (170 ft) he got engine trouble and had to land on a frozen swamp. The wing spars had been shot so that he had been in the risk of losing his upper wing. Fänström and navigator Hanson escaped to the woods while the enemy fighters strafed their aircraft. After a while they returned to their aircraft, took their survival skis and headed back to the Finnish lines. A Finnish patrol found Sunsten a week later. Sterner and Jung were captured by the Soviets. Zachau had died in the aircraft. The attack had been a success, but the price was high - three of the four bombers (75%) had been lost during the first mission. The fighters were still intact. Background -------------- The Swedish volunteer unit, F19 operated in northern Finland for 62 days during the Winter War. The Finnish and Swedish pilots had made several squadron visits between the two countries prior to the war so there were already very good ties between the air forces. With the money that was collected in Sweden Gloster Gladiator Mk.II (J.8A) and Hawker Hart (B.4) aircraft were bought. The latter ones were license-manufactured in Sweden (ASJA and CVM). The Gladiators were built in Britain during 1937-38. An old Raab-Kazenstein 26 (Sk.10) trainer was acquired as a liaison aircraft and Junkers F.13 as a transport plane. Swedes had already ordered more modern aircraft from the USA and they were partly on their way to Sweden - 120 Republic EP-106s, which were the export version of the Seversky P-35. Only 60 of the ordered aircraft arrived in Sweden and they were designated J.9. The project to assist Finland with a Swedish unit progressed: Capt. Bjuggren (later the executive officer for F19) traveled to Finland on the 13th of December 1939. He flew in a Junkers Ju-52 transport plane to Turku (Åbo). The Junkers was loaded full with the ammunition for the fighters. A government car took Bjuggren from Turku to Helsinki for discussions with the Finnish Air Force HQ. Talks progressed so that already on the 15th of December it was decided that the Swedes would take part in the Winter War. On the afternoon of the 15th Bjuggren met the Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish defence forces, Marshall Mannerheim and Mannerheim suggested that the Swedish unit would operate in northern Finland where there were too few Finnish units. It was decided that the Swedish troops would be ready for operations on the 10th of January 1940. The flying units would support the Swedish-Norwegian volunteers on the ground in their operating area. After Capt. Bjuggren returned to Sweden things developed fast. The new volunteer unit was formed already on the 19th of December. Major Hugo Beckhammar was selected to be the commander of the unit. Capt. Björn Bjuggren was the executive officer and the commander's aide was Lt. Gregor Falk. Major Beckhammar gave his first orders to the new Flygregemente 101 unit on the 22nd of December. On the 25th of December Lt. Swartz and ensign Rissler traveled as base officers to meet Gen. Wallenius to discuss the basing issues. They contacted Hamilton, whom the Finns had already sent to northern Finland to prepare the arrival of the Swedish squadron. Three days later the squadron commander and his staff traveled to Finland. The rest of the personnel traveled on the next day The pilots were waiting at Barkaby with the aircraft, which received green camouflage paint and a large yellow identification letter on the rudder. The engines were checked, radios adjusted and the machine guns aligned. On the last day of December Capt. Bjuggren traveled again to Finland to get the final orders. He visited the Finnish LLv 10 (Squadron 10) on the 2nd of January 1940. The squadron flew Fokker C.X dive bombers and Capt. Bjuggren wanted to study the tactics before he returned to northern Finland. The ground personnel arrived in the Kemi area in early January. Kemi became the main base for the squadron. The first air raid alert was on the 3rd of January and gave foretaste for the Swedish unit of what they were about to experience - this was no exercise. Source: *******
11 Feb 2009
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The Great Dictator is a comedy film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. First released in October 1940, it was Chaplin's first true talking picture, and more importantly was the only major film of its period to bitterly satirize Nazism and Adolf Hitler. The film is unusual for its period, as the United States was still formally at peace with Nazi Germany. Chaplin's film advanced a stirring, controversial condemnation of Hitler, fascism, antisemitism, and the Nazis, the latter of whom he excoriates in the film as "machine men, with machine minds and machine hearts".
1 Jul 2010
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Waterloo Bridge (1940)
14 Oct 2011
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21 Days (1940)
5 Nov 2011
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All This, and Heaven Too (1940)
21 Mar 2012
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The Hardship of Miles Standish (1940)
28 Mar 2012
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Warren Miller’s film crews follow modern day skiers Brad Vancour, Roch Nueberri, and Luc bombardier as they test ski equipment from the 1940s and compare it to today high-end equipment.
9 Jul 2012
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Warren Miller’s film crews follow modern day skiers Brad Vancour, Roch Nueberri, and Luc bombardier as they test ski equipment from the 1940s and compare it to today high-end equipment.
11 Jul 2012
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1940 Packard 4 Door Sedan Streetrod, Suicide Doors, 454 Chevrolet V8, Front and Rear Camaro Suspension, Power Steering, Power Brakes, Automatic Transmission, Tilt Steering, Air Conditioner. Red in Color, Grey Leather Electric Seats, AM, FM, CD Player with MP3. Features AC Power Seats Heated AC Power Seats Power Steering Alloy Wheels Qualified buyers may be eligible for Financing, Nationwide Shipping, and Extended Warranties. *******classiccartradernet****/classifieds/category/343/Packard/listings/3098/1940-Packard-4-Door-Sedan-Antique-in-Bay-St-Louis,-MS.html Listing ID: 3098
8 Nov 2012
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Ski gear from the 1940's compared to today's.
8 Apr 2013
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Ski gear from the 1940's compared to today's.
9 Apr 2013
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Cruise'n with E-Rider at the Rebel Run Car Show see in this segment a world class 1940 Mercury
7 Nov 2007
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Harry Blackstone Sr. stage show of 1940's and 1950's
10 Nov 2007
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In this episode see a 1939 ford truck and a way cool 1940 Chevy
12 Nov 2007
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This is a funky 1940's hygiene film that teaches college students how to clean, groom, and dress themselves in order to make a good impression (and strictly conform). A young coed is shown using her good habits to seduce a male student, proving the validity of the film’s arguments. This is the beginning of dated, sexist rhetoric that peppers this odd movie. Hair, skin, nails, teeth, and clothing are all discussed in detail, and the film animates things like hair follicles and sweat glands. Some of the tips border on absurd, like suggesting that women wash their hair every two weeks. With the sexist ideas, grooming tips that would be considered outrageous today, and some nifty scenes from Cornell University’s campus, this is a highly recommended classic video.
2 Aug 2009
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Man-scara, guy-liner, and man-sturiser have been around longer than you think. Hilarious film from the 1940s about 'elegant' men.
14 Feb 2009
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