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BY STEVEN SPARKMAN
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How do you name a new dinosaur species? Look for something weird about it. Researchers announced the discovery of a new species from fossils overlooked for more than a decade.
Oklahoma City’s KWTV shows how the animal finally got noticed.
“It wasn’t until 2007 when a British scholar was visiting Norman that it was realized this was in fact a new species of dinosaur. Mike Taylor uncovered the never-before-seen hip bone structure, indicating hyper-development of the thigh muscles, and Brontomerus mcintoshi, or ‘thunder thighs’ was born.”
Thunder Thighs isn’t a whole skeleton. It’s a small collection of bones from an adult and a juvenile animal, and those don’t include any leg bones. KFOR TV explains how scientists know this sauropod had great legs.
“The reason why researchers believe these bones don’t belong to, well, any of the other dinosaurs here, is this bone right down here. It’s the hip bone. Specifically, this projection right here at the end of the hip bone. It’s much, much wider than anything else you’ll find in any other long-necked dinosaur.”
That hip bone is where the thigh muscles attached. Along with a shoulder bone they’ve recovered, the researchers believe these bones show Thunder Thighs had unusually powerful muscles for moving the legs forward.
Now, it could be those muscles were for moving long legs like a giraffe. But they could instead have been used for kicking, as in this illustration showing Thunder Thighs fending off a raptor attack. (Video source: University College London)
The lead researcher leans toward a kicking dinosaur, telling the Guardian other ways its kick might have been used.
“Brontomerus mcintoshi could deliver a kick nearly three times as powerful as that from similar-sized sauropods, a weapon that males may also have unleashed on each other when fighting over females... ‘It may be that males lined up next to each other, side by side, and kicked the crap out of each other...’ ”
Paleontologists previously thought long-necked dinosaurs died out after the Jurassic period. But recent finds including Thunder Thighs show sauropods kept kicking for another 50 million years.
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Transcript by Newsy
a Boy underestimates a fall while he is sledging at speed and lands on his as, breaking his left hip bone.
1. adjust machine so that the pad hits at the hip bone
2. Holding weight (or not) lower top of body towards floor
3. slowly raise up until body is in alignment, back is straight
4. Feel it in lower back, glute and hamstrings
5. Turn to the side so that your hip is in the groove, and repeat above sequence from the side
This video illustrates the Obliques Roll Back exercise. This is a challenging rotational exercise for athletes and advanced clients.
Obliques Roll Back targets the obliques, transversus abdominis and rectus abdominis. Focus on opening your hip joints to pull your hip bones away from your thighs. Maintain the spinal flexion as you rotate and keep the transversus abdominis engaged. Keep the scapulae stabilized and feet connected to the floor.
To modify the exercise, put a flex band around the feet to help support throughout the exercise. You can also a use a small ball or fitness circle between your thighs to maintain the inner thigh connection.
For more information visit *******www.pilatesdigest****.
Elizabeth Edwards died of cancer Tuesday at the age of 61. The estranged wife of two-time presidential candidate John Edwards had just the day before announced she was stopping cancer treatment - after learning from doctors that any further treatment would be futile.
Edwards announced she had breast cancer in 2004. By 2007, it had spread to her ribs, hip bones and lungs. In recent days doctors discovered it had also spread to her liver.
Reacting to the news of her death, CNN’s Jessica Yellin and Gloria Borger say Elizabeth Edwards literally redefined the role of a political spouse.
“She often had a message that sort of said, don't be a victim, this happened to me, but it doesn't make me a victim. ... But she was relatable. She would talk about how hard it was to diet on the campaign trail and always struggled with her weight. And the fact that her husband always looked so young and she was aging. It's some of the things that you rarely hear political figures talk about. It's part of what made her well-liked.”
Fox News medical contributor Dr. Mark Siegel explains, the cancer Edwards was fighting was stubborn - and her doctors did all they could.
“There are many, many, many different types of breast cancer but this spread to the liver. You can't tell until you try treating it. If you try treating it and it doesn't respond, after a while things are clearly predicted it will be a bad outcome. They had withdrawn therapy, a very, very, very bad sign, a sign it has spread. It can go to the bone and brain and could be very ugly.”
But reports indicate Edwards died peacefully, surrounded by loved ones. And anchors for Sacramento’s KCRA say -- Edwards did have one request -- regarding the wording of her death.
“Friends say that Elizabeth did not want people to say she lost her battle with cancer, which is something we often say. She said the battle was about living and that she won.”
Politico quotes a statement from Edwards’ family.
“Today we have lost the comfort of Elizabeth's presence, but she remains the heart of this family. ... On behalf of Elizabeth, we want to express our gratitude to the thousands of kindred spirits who moved and inspired her along the way.”
Finally - NBC revisits Edwards’ own words in June -- about her well-publicized split from John Edwards - who had an affair with his campaign videographer.
EDWARDS: “I have three living children for whom this is a father that I want them to - whom I want them to love. And on whom they're going to have to rely perhaps, if my disease takes a bad turn.”
Reporter: “Indeed they were reunited in her final days. Her last statement to the public included this line: ‘I have been sustained throughout my life by three saving graces - my family, my friends and my faith in the power of resilience and hope.’"
How to Do Pilates Bicycle Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hello, we're Kimberly and Katherine Corp. We own Pilates on Fifth here in New York City, and we're going to show you Bicycles in the Air. This is an advanced exercise that strengthens the abdominal muscles, strengthens the core, and helps tone the muscles of the buttocks and the legs. So here we go, we'll have Katherine lay back to start, and the first thing we wanted to do is to find a nice abdominal connection, can be called Imprint, can be called Supported. So you want to roll the hip bones up closer to the ribs, hands are resting on the mat. Then we'll inhale. Pick one leg up into table top. Exhale. Pick the other leg up into table top. And then we send both legs out on the diagonal. On the inhale we'll hinge the legs towards the body, same inhale, takes the legs over the head and you will bend the arms so that the hands support the lower back and reach the legs up to the ceiling. So this is the position we also use for Scissors in the Air. From here we'll go into a Bicycle. So we're going to inhale. Split the legs. Now exhale. Bend this back leg and bicycle it through. Inhale the split, exhale and bicycle. Notice how this leg never goes lower than the horizontal line. So do it wrong real quick. We don't want it to go down there, when this legs ends up pointing at the ceiling. You want to think equadistant from that imaginary point. And then you reverse it which is always a little mind teaser. Yes! So you bend the leg you're looking at and thread it through. Bend the leg you're looking at and thread it through. Make sure you reach that extended position. Now here's another thing we don't want. We're going to go back to the other Bicycle. When you have this leg reaching out, when you... go ahead and straight it. When you bend it, don't bring the thigh up first before you bend it. That ends up looking like that old 1950s exercise that women did where they just bicycled in the air. Yeah, that doesn't do much for you. So the work comes from keeping this leg reaching long and then bending, and of course you never want to extend the spine. To finish, we bring both legs up to the ceiling, hands come away, and we roll down one vertebrae at a time, bend the knees in, and one leg down, the other leg down. And that is the Bicycles in the Air.
How to Do Pilates Corkscrew Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hello, we're Katherine and Kimberly Corp. We own Pilates on Fifth in New York City, and we would like to show you the Pilates exercise, Corkscrew. Now this is an advanced exercise. So we're going to go ahead and have Kimberly lay on her back. And there are a lot of things that can go wrong here. We'll try to go through everything, but, so listen well. From here she's going to make sure that she brings her hip bones closer to her ribs, really pulling in the abdominal muscles. Flattening your back towards the mat, it may or may not touch. That's ok, that's more of an anatomical thing. She's going to lift one leg into table top and the exhale lift the other leg into table top, and then stretch your legs out on a high diagonal and starting as low as you can maintain this connection nice and strong. So on the inhale she's going to send her legs overhead, keeping the shoulders nice and wide. Now on the exhale as she rolls down, she's going to roll down one side of a spine, its like a boat, rolling down this way. So she's going to roll down. Now when her pelvis hits she's going to circle her legs, and then she's going to roll up the opposite side of her spine. Now she's going to roll back the other way. Rolling down the left side of her spine the leg circle, and inhale rolling up the right. Keep going while I talk. So here is your... Think of a boat, lifting one way and lifting the other way. Its not rotating. So think that your spine is the keel of the boat, and you just merely go from one side to another. You don't want rotation. Can you show a rotation here? Don't do it. So she's shifting here, that's really really bad for your spine, so don't do that. So you're merely just biasing the weight to the right side of the spine as you roll down. And then the legs circle at the bottom, and then you're biasing the weight to the left side of the spine as you roll up. And then she'll do one last one, biasing the weight to the left side as she rolls down and inhale. Rolling up all the time of course not going up on the neck, that is very very important. And then to finish nice and straight, rolling down, one vertebrate at a time, and reaching the leg long. And now she'll bend her knees, and take one leg down and then the other leg down. And that is the Pilates exercise, Corkscrew.
How to Do Pilates Hundred Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hi, we're Kimberly and Katherine Corp. We own Pilates on Fifth here in Manhattan, and today we would like to show you the Hundred, which is a, an original Pilates exercise, great for strengthening the abdominal muscles and great for abdominal endurance. So Katherine will go ahead and lay on her back, and we'll start with her legs bent in a nice comfortable position. Now right now she's in neutral, which means your hip bone and your pubic bone, that triangle, are the same horizontal plane, like you can balance a cup of soup here. What we'll do first is we'll use the abdominal muscles to roll to the imprinted or supported position where the lower back comes close to the mat, and the hip bones and the ribs come closer together. So you want to think of shortening this distance so that you protect the lower back. From here we inhale. Pick one leg up into the table top position. See a little table, and then exhale. The other leg comes up to the table top position. Now throughout the Hundred, you may keep the legs here in table top position, but we'll show it with the legs extended. So first we will inhale and tilt chin slightly. On the exhale, curl the head and shoulders off the mat gazing at the knees. Now from here she'll straighten her legs as well, and then we'll pump the arms just an inch up and inch down and here we go. We inhale 2, 3, 4, 5, and exhale. Keep squeezing the inner thighs together, 2. Inhale, 3, 4, 5 and exhale. Pull the belly button down, good and then 3, inhale and exhale. Keep the collar bone nice and wide, and 4, inhale. And exhale. Keep energy reaching through the legs. 5, inhale and exhale. Notice how she's keeping her abs flat, good. And 6 inhale, and exhale. Inner thighs stay engaged. This is 7, inhale and exhale. Good, and 8 inhale, and exhale. 2 more sets, 9 inhale and exhale. Last set 2, 3, 4, 5, exhale 2, 3, 4, 5. To finish, inhale. Bend the knees, and scoop up higher. Exhale. First put the head and shoulders down and then put the legs down one at a time. That keeps the lower back nice and protected. And then you are finished with the Hundred.
How to Do Pilates Swan Dive Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hi, we're Katherine and Kimberly Corp. We own Pilates on Fifth in Manhattan, and today we'd like to show you the Pilates exercise, Swan Dive. So Kimberly is going to start laying on her stomach. So this Swan Dive is a great exercise for all the muscles of your back and also the muscles of your glutes, as well. That's your butt muscles. And now she's going to start by opening her legs a little bit wider than hip distance, about shoulder distance apart. You don't want to go too wide. Her hands are pretty much under her shoulders. And at the starting position its like you're balancing on the tip of your nose. So really pull the abdominal muscles in and up to start. You want to imagine that you're pulling them off that mat. That may or my not be possible, but its a good image. We want to get that deepest layer of the abdominal muscles engaged first and foremost. On the inhale, we'll do this is in four breaths first just to get the movement right. Inhale. It's like someone's pulling you from the top of your of your head and lengthening. On the exhale she's going to press into her hands lifting up. So we're showing you the easiest version of Swan Dive here. First you go up going into full spinal extension. Inhale. Here to stay, and exhale. It's like the ribs close together, and she's going to lower herself down. So not everyone has this amount of flexibility available to them and that's Ok. Go up half the distance you did before. So she's going to inhale, lengthen at the top of her head. Exhale, pressing up. This is a fine Swan Dive. This is still correct. What you don't want to do are 2 things. 1 is nuh the neck. Ya, I mean you don't have to be a Pilates instructor to see that that doesn't really look so great. So just make sure that you're keeping this part of the neck very very long. 2nd thing you don't want to do is to crunch into the lower back. And so just almost make a right angle here. You really want a lot of abdominal support here. The next question we always get is what happens with the hips bones. The hip bones will come off the mat slightly if you have that extension available to you. And then she's going to come down. Now this exercise is a breeze for you, you can do it in 2 reps. So she'll inhale, press into her hands, move the spine into full extension. We're really working all the muscles of the back here, working the glutes. And then exhale, coming down. And just one more. Notice that the feet aren't doing anything. They are not lifting up the mat. Inhale coming up, and exhale closing the ribs to come down. And of course the abdominal muscles stay engaged the whole time. And then its always nice after you do this exercise to bring the legs together and just press back and relax the lower back. It just feels really really nice, moves the spine in the opposite direction. And that was the Swan Dive.
How to Do Pilates One Leg Stretch Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hello, we're Katherine and Kimberly Corp. We own Pilates on Fifth in New York City, and we would like to show you the Pilates exercise, One Leg Stretch. Kimberly's going to lie on her back. This is sometimes also called Single Leg Stretch, depending on the program that you are with. First creating a nice strong connection with the abdominal muscles, moving her lower spine towards the floor. It doesn't have to touch, but you just want to create that nice strong connection between the hip bones and the rib cage, obviously metaphorical connection. Now she's going to lift one leg at a table-top position and then the other leg into table-top position without that connection changing. Now she'll inhale, nod the chin slightly, exhale curling up so her head and shoulders are off that the nice and long neck. You don't want to jam your chin into your chest, go ahead and jam it, ya, we don't want those muscles to jam out here. And then she's going to place her hands by her knees and here we go. So exhale stretch one leg away and inhale to switch, exhale and inhale to switch. Now this is a slower version just to get the movement right. Now some programs have you pulling the knee all the way into the chest, which is a nice variation as well, both are correct. You feel a little bit more of hip flexes stretch but you get a little bit more abdominal work if you stop the knee about a 90 degrees. But we can also pick up the pace here. So she can do inhale-inhale and exhale-exhale. So when you move the pace up a little bit faster so you're challenging a little bit more of the stability. You don't want to be wiggling or rocking back and forth. We'll just do 2 more, and inhale-inhale, last time exhale-exhale. To finish bring both knees together, curl up a little bit higher, and then exhale the head and shoulders come down first, and then one foot down, and then the other foot down. And that is the Pilates, One Leg Stretch.
How to Do Pilates One Leg Kick Exercise - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats.
Hi we're Kimberly and Katherine Corp of Pilates on Fifth in New York City and we're going to show you the Pilates exercise, One Leg Kick. So Katherine will roll to her stomach and the first thing she'll do is prop herself up on her elbows. You want your elbows right under your shoulders. Now the key here is the position so we'll do it wrong first. Notice how she's collapsed, like she's lying on the beach watching the waves, relaxing. So we don't want that. You want to press into your elbows and really stabilize the shoulders. Then you want to scoop in your abs, contract your Gluteus Maximus, which is your butt muscles here. So notice her hip bones are off the mat but her pubic bone is on the mat. So with your hips, your hips are an extension, but your spine is pretty much in neutral, and that is where the work comes in is keeping your abdominals engaged here so you get the work in the glutes and the hamstrings. And from here we go, we're going to bend the right leg first and we kick-kick and then reach. And we exhale-exhale, inhale reach. Now notice she's pointing and flexing, exhale-exhale, inhale reach. So she points it, and flex, and reaches. And points and flexes and reach. Now you could eliminate the point and flex if that's too much coordination. So the key here is when you bend the knee, you don't let anything shift in the spine and the torso. And if your knees hurt when you do this, just modify the range of motion. I'm going to put my hand up, you can stop right there and that would be fine. And we'll just do the last one. And that is the Pilates exercise, One Leg Kick.