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*******allreiki**** - Learn Reiki for metaphysical Enlightenment & Inner Purity. The word Reiki is made of two Japanese words - Rei which means "God's Wisdom or the Higher Power" and Ki which is "life force energy". So Reiki is actually "spiritually guided life force energy."
9 Jun 2011
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2:05
*******allreiki**** - Learn Reiki for Platonic Wisdom & Inner Purity. The word Reiki is made of two Japanese words - Rei which means "God's Wisdom or the Higher Power" and Ki which is "life force energy". So Reiki is actually "spiritually guided life force energy."
9 Jun 2011
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3:45
*******allreiki**** - Embrace Reiki for Spirtual Wisdom & Inner Elegance. An amazingly simple technique to learn, the ability to use Reiki is not taught in the usual sense, but is transferred to the student during a Reiki class. This ability is passed on during an "attunement" given by a Reiki master and allows the student to tap into an unlimited supply of "life force energy" to improve one's health and enhance the quality of life.
9 Jun 2011
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2:30
*******allreiki**** - Encompass Reiki for Divine Enlightenment & Inner Beauty. The word Reiki is made of two Japanese words - Rei which means "God's Wisdom or the Higher Power" and Ki which is "life force energy". So Reiki is actually "spiritually guided life force energy."
9 Jun 2011
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1:15
*******allreiki**** - Embrace Reiki for metaphysical Knowledget & Inner Purity. Reiki is a Japanese technique for stress reduction and relaxation that also promotes healing. It is administered by "laying on hands" and is based on the idea that an unseen "life force energy" flows through us and is what causes us to be alive. If one's "life force energy" is low, then we are more likely to get sick or feel stress, and if it is high, we are more capable of being happy and healthy.
9 Jun 2011
120
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1:34
Kundalini Yoga - Spinal Rotation - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats. Hi, I am Kelly with Karuna Yoga. We are going to take a Spinal Rotation today and this is excellent for opening up the flexibility of the spine. It is wonderful to soothe the digestive system, and opening up the hips and just overall sense of life force flow through the body, but in a grounded way. Yeah? So hands on to the knees and we are going to take our eyes and we are going to look to the center of our brow, and this is to help with the chemical balance, the hormone balance. So with eyes looking to the center of the brow, hands on to the knees. Just move your torso around in a circle to one side and just let the center of the chest come forward as you breathe in. Curve round your spine as you breathe out. And notice just how you are grounded and rooted through the hips and let this breath open up the body. Let's take one more. Good, come on back to the center. Breathe in and breathe out.
23 Jun 2011
290
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1:30
Kundalini Yoga - Dynamic Seated Twist - part of the women's fitness video series by GeoBeats. Kundalini Yoga - Dynamic Seated Twist Hi, I am Kelly Wood with Karuna Yoga, we are going to take a Dynamic Seated Twist. So, we are going to take our hands up on to the shoulders, let's have those fingers in front and thumbs in back. And let's look to see that our elbows are straight out from shoulders. When we twist we give an internal cleansing to the organs of the body and we are also helping to open up the life force flow so we feel nice and awake and joyful and great. We are going to have our eyes to third eye point, so we are looking to the middle of the brow and this is good for the hormonal balance. This affects the way that we feel and we think; hormonal balance, so it's good to be grounded and feeling calm. So we are going to turn side to side, inhale to your left and exhale to your right and keep it going. You want to keep your spine nice and tall, let your head turn with your torso. We will take few more rounds. Keep your breath nice and fluid. Come back to the center, breathe in and breathe out, hands on to the knees.
30 Jun 2011
249
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2:03
Paul Exben is a success story – a great job, a beautiful wife and two wonderful sons. Except that this is not the life he has been dreaming of. A moment of madness is going to change his life, forcing him to assume a new identity that will enable him to live his life fully... Starring in the lead role of Paul is enigmatic French actor Romain Duris following acclaimed performances in The Beat That My Heart Skipped and the mainstream rom-com Heartbreaker. A huge box-office hit in France earlier this year, the film also stars the prolific Catherine Deneuve alongside Marina Foïs (22 Bullets) and Niels Arestrup (A Prophet) and is directed by Eric Lartigau (I Do). It is based on the best-selling novel of the same name by Douglas Kennedy and is the first of two adaptations of his books to be released in cinemas this year with Pawel Pawlikowski’s The Woman in the Fifth coming soon.
21 Jul 2011
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3:40
What is Reiki? Well, Reiki is the vital life force of the Universe. The Japanese meaning of the word Reiki is universal Life Force. With Rei meaning universal consciousness, and Ki meaning life force, energy.
25 Jul 2011
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3:10
TONIC TOUCH THERAPY WWW.TONICTOUCHTHERAPY.COM (561) 398-6738 specializes in therapeutic massage treatments to alleviate your aches and pains and re-balance your Chi energy (the body’s natural life force). It incorporates aspects of shiatsu, acupressure, deep tissue, trigger point and thai massage. TONIC TOUCH THERAPY can help re-energize and rejuvenate your Chi and vitality whetheryou are an elite athlete, a weekend warrior or an average Joe. Experience for yourself the TONIC TOUCH – your body, mind and soul will be glad you did! TONIC TOUCH THERAPY is located inside PALM BEACH GYM (Gym membership is not required for visitation) (561) 398-6738 TONIC TOUCH THERAPY 660 Linton Blvd. #103 Delray Beach, FL 33444 contacttonictouchtherapy**** Located inside the Palm Beach Gym (Gym membership is not required for visitation) ALL MAJOR CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED Monday - Friday: 9am – 6pm Saturday: 9am – 3pm (561) 398-6738 Please call to make an appointment or for more information.
12 Nov 2011
446
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1:21
*******t***/MER9QGQ - The Sopranos The Complete Series - Review Cheapest Price The Sopranos: The Complete First Season-The Sopranos, writer-producer-director David Chase's extraordinary television series, is nominally an urban gangster drama, but its true impact strikes closer to home: Like 1999's other screen touchstone, American Beauty, the HBO series chronicles a dysfunctional, suburban American family in bold relief. And for protagonist Tony Soprano, there's the added complexity posed by heading twin families, his collegial mob clan and his own, nouveau riche brood. The series' brilliant first season is built around what Tony learns when, whipsawed between those two worlds, he finds himself plunged into depression and seeks psychotherapy--a gesture at odds with his midlevel capo's machismo, yet instantly recognizable as a modern emotional test. With analysis built into the very spine of the show's elaborate episodic structure, creator Chase and his formidable corps of directors, writers, and actors weave an unpredictable series of parallel and intersecting plot arcs that twist from tragedy to farce to social realism. While creating for a smaller screen, they enjoy a far larger canvas than a single movie would afford, and the results, like the very best episodic television, attain a richness and scope far closer to a novel than movies normally get. Unlike Francis Coppola's operatic dramatization of Mario Puzo's Godfather epic, The Sopranos sustains a poignant, even mundane intimacy in its focus on Tony, brought to vivid life by James Gandolfini's mercurial performance. Alternately seductive, exasperated, fearful, and murderous, Gandolfini is utterly convincing even when executing brutal shifts between domestic comedy and dramatic violence. Both he and the superb team of Italian-American actors recruited as his loyal (and, sometimes, not-so-loyal) henchmen and their various "associates" make this mob as credible as the evocative Bronx and New Jersey locations where the episodes were filmed. The first season's other life force is Livia Soprano, Tony's monstrous, meddlesome mother. As Livia, the late Nancy Marchand eclipses her long career of patrician performances to create an indelibly earthy, calculating matriarch who shakes up both families; Livia also serves as foil and rival to Tony's loyal, usually level-headed wife, Carmela (Edie Falco). Lorraine Bracco makes Tony's therapist, Dr. Melfi, a convincing confidante, by turns "professional," perceptive, and sexy; the duo's therapeutic relationship is also depicted with uncommon accuracy. Such grace notes only enrich what's not merely an aesthetic high point for commercial television, but an absorbing film masterwork that deepens with subsequent screenings.
23 Nov 2011
451
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1:28
Starring James Nesbitt (The Hobbit) and James Cosmo (Braveheart). Mary (Kate Dickie) harbors a dark history, but must confront her past when a hunter with magical powers (Nesbitt) is assigned to capture her and kill her son. As the terrifying cat-and-mouse game continues, locals begin to die at the hands of an unknown life force and a deadly fear takes hold. Available on DVD & VOD 2/21/12.
19 Jan 2012
924
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1:40
*******www.leeholden****/qigong-teacher-training.html ` QIGONG TEACHER TRAINING,QIGONG TRAINING Lee Holden's Qi Gong teacher training program will not only certify you to teach Qi Gong, but will be a journey into life-force energy (Qi), leading to an awakening of the self. On this journey, you will emerge with resources, tools, and techniques for health, healing, longevity, and a deeper connection to life itself.
19 Mar 2012
122
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1:40
*******www.leeholden****/qigong-teacher-training.html ` QIGONG TEACHER TRAINING,QIGONG TRAINING Lee Holden's Qi Gong teacher training program will not only certify you to teach Qi Gong, but will be a journey into life-force energy (Qi), leading to an awakening of the self. On this journey, you will emerge with resources, tools, and techniques for health, healing, longevity, and a deeper connection to life itself.
19 Mar 2012
148
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9:22
Entire video: Philosophy, Physics, Mathematics - “Dangerous Knowledge” *******video.google****/videoplay?docid=-5122859998068380459 Kurt Gödel - Incompleteness Theorem as it applies to material particles and the universe ********docs.google****/document/d/1GN9MSnMhp6a67TvDvW1DusssdidK0Aq1qYC2updfqvw/edit It is interesting that Alan Turing, though he believed humans were merely machines, much like the computers he envisioned, failed to realize that his idea for computers came to him 'in a vision', thus confirming Godel's contention that humans had access to the 'divine spark of intuition'. A divine spark which enables humans to transcend the limits he, and Turing, had found in his incompleteness theorem for computers: Epistemology – Why should the human mind be able to comprehend reality so deeply? - referenced article ********docs.google****/document/d/1qGvbg_212biTtvMschSGZ_9kYSqhooRN4OUW_Pw-w0E/edit Gifted people being able to instantaneously know answers to complex problems, as Turing did with his vision of a computer, is something that argues forcefully against the notion that our minds are merely the 'emergent' products of molecules in motion in our brain; Electrical genius Nicola Tesla was born in Serbia in 1856,,, his father was a clergyman. Excerpt: While walking in Budapest Park, Hungary, Nikola Tesla had seen a vision of a functioning alternating current (AC) electric induction motor. This was one of the most revolutionary inventions in the entire history of the world. *******www.reformation****/nikola-tesla.html The boy in this following video rivals, or surpasses, Nikola Tesla as an example of innovative ideas coming fully formed to the mind without any need for trial and error: Bluejay: The Mind of a Child Prodigy – video *******www.cbsnews****/video/watch/?id=7186319n At the 11:50 minute mark of this following video 21 year old world Chess champion Magnus Carlsen explains that he does not know how he knows his next move of Chess instantaneously, that ‘it just comes natural’ to him to know the answer instantaneouly. Mozart of Chess: Magnus Carlsen – video *******www.cbsnews****/video/watch/?id=7399370n&tag=contentMain;contentAux A chess prodigy explains how his mind works – video Excerpt: What’s the secret to Magnus’ magic? Once an opponent makes a move, Magnus instantaneously knows his own next move. *******www.cbsnews****/8301-504803_162-57380913-10391709/a-chess-prodigy-explains-how-his-mind-works/?tag=segementExtraScroller;housing This ability to 'instantaneously' know answers to complex problems has long been a very intriguing characteristic of some autistic savants; Is Integer Arithmetic Fundamental to Mental Processing?: The mind's secret arithmetic Excerpt: Because normal children struggle to learn multiplication and division, it is surprising that some savants perform integer arithmetic calculations mentally at "lightning" speeds (Treffert 1989, Myers 1903, Hill 1978, Smith 1983, Sacks 1985, Hermelin and O'Connor 1990, Welling 1994, Sullivan 1992). They do so unconsciously, without any apparent training, typically without being able to report on their methods, and often at an age when the normal child is struggling with elementary arithmetic concepts (O'Connor 1989). Examples include multiplying, factoring, dividing and identifying primes of six (and more) digits in a matter of seconds as well as specifying the number of objects (more than one hundred) at a glance. For example, one savant (Hill 1978) could give the cube root of a six figure number in 5 seconds and he could double 8,388,628 twenty four times to obtain 140,737,488,355,328 in several seconds. Joseph (Sullivan 1992), the inspiration for the film "Rain Man" about an autistic savant, could spontaneously answer "what number times what number gives 1234567890" by stating "9 times 137,174,210". Sacks (1985) observed autistic twins who could exchange prime numbers in excess of eight figures, possibly even 20 figures, and who could "see" the number of many objects at a glance. When a box of 111 matches fell to the floor the twins cried out 111 and 37, 37, 37. *******www.centreforthemind****/publications/integerarithmetic.cfm The following video is fairly direct in establishing the 'spiritual' link to man's ability to learn new information, in that it shows that the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) scores for students showed a steady decline, for seventeen years from the top spot or near the top spot in the world, after the removal of prayer from the public classroom by the Supreme Court, not by public decree, in 1963. Whereas the SAT scores for private Christian schools have consistently remained at the top, or near the top, spot in the world: The Real Reason American Education Has Slipped – David Barton – video *******www.metacafe****/watch/4318930 You can see that dramatic difference, of the SAT scores for private Christian schools compared to public schools, at this following site; Aliso Viejo Christian School – SAT 10 Comparison Report *******www.alisoviejochristianschool****/sat_10.html Of related interest: Bruce Charlton's Miscellany - October 2011 Excerpt: I had discovered that over the same period of the twentieth century that the US had risen to scientific eminence it had undergone a significant Christian revival. ,,,The point I put to (Richard) Dawkins was that the USA was simultaneously by-far the most dominant scientific nation in the world (I knew this from various scientometic studies I was doing at the time) and by-far the most religious (Christian) nation in the world. How, I asked, could this be - if Christianity was culturally inimical to science? *******charltonteaching.blogspot****/2011/10/meeting-richard-dawkins-and-his-wife.html The following video is also very suggestive to a 'spiritual' link in man's ability to learn new information in that the video shows that almost every, if not every, founder of each discipline of modern science was a devout Christian: Christianity Gave Birth To Science - Dr. Henry Fritz Schaefer - video *******vimeo****/16523153 As well Sir Isaac Newton stated this in regards to his own discoveries: I have a fundamental belief in the Bible as the Word of God, written by men who were inspired. I study the Bible daily…. All my discoveries have been made in an answer to prayer. — Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), considered by many to be the greatest scientist of all time These following studies, though of materialistic bent, offer strong support that Humans are extremely unique in 'advanced information capacity' when compared to animals: Darwin’s mistake: Explaining the discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds: Excerpt: There is a profound functional discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds. We argue that this discontinuity pervades nearly every domain of cognition and runs much deeper than even the spectacular scaffolding provided by language or culture can explain. We hypothesize that the cognitive discontinuity between human and nonhuman animals is largely due to the degree to which human and nonhuman minds are able to approximate the higher-order, systematic, relational capabilities of a physical symbol system. *******www.mendeley****/research/darwins-mistake-explaining-discontinuity-between-human-nonhuman-minds-1/ John 1:1-1 In the beginning, the Word existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very strong piece of suggestive evidence, which persuasively hints at a unique relationship that man has with 'The Word' of John 1:1, is found in these following articles which point out the fact that ‘coincidental scientific discoveries’ are far more prevalent than what should be expected from a materialistic perspective,: In the Air – Who says big ideas are rare? by Malcolm Gladwell Excerpt: This phenomenon of simultaneous discovery—what science historians call “multiples”—turns out to be extremely common. One of the first comprehensive lists of multiples was put together by William Ogburn and Dorothy Thomas, in 1922, and they found a hundred and forty-eight major scientific discoveries that fit the multiple pattern. Newton and Leibniz both discovered calculus. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace both discovered evolution. Three mathematicians “invented” decimal fractions. Oxygen was discovered by Joseph Priestley, in Wiltshire, in 1774, and by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, in Uppsala, a year earlier. Color photography was invented at the same time by Charles Cros and by Louis Ducos du Hauron, in France. Logarithms were invented by John Napier and Henry Briggs in Britain, and by Joost Bürgi in Switzerland. ,,, For Ogburn and Thomas, the sheer number of multiples could mean only one thing: scientific discoveries must, in some sense, be inevitable. *******www.newyorker****/reporting/2008/05/12/080512fa_fact_gladwell/?currentPage=all List of multiple discoveries Excerpt: Historians and sociologists have remarked on the occurrence, in science, of "multiple independent discovery". Robert K. Merton defined such "multiples" as instances in which similar discoveries are made by scientists working independently of each other.,,, Multiple independent discovery, however, is not limited to only a few historic instances involving giants of scientific research. Merton believed that it is multiple discoveries, rather than unique ones, that represent the common pattern in science. *******en.wikipedia****/wiki/List_of_multiple_discoveries Further note: Kurt Godel was well aware of the deep implications of his theorem as the following quotes from Godel make clear: Quotes by Kurt Godel: "The brain is a computing machine connected with a spirit." [6.1.19] "Consciousness is connected with one unity. A machine is composed of parts." [6.1.21] "I don’t think the brain came in the Darwinian manner. In fact, it is disprovable. Simple mechanism can’t yield the brain. I think the basic elements of the universe are simple. Life force is a primitive element of the universe and it obeys certain laws of action. These laws are not simple, and they are not mechanical." [6.2.12] "The world in which we live is not the only one in which we shall live,,,." "Materialism is false." quotes taken from - Hao Wang’s supplemental biography of Gödel, A Logical Journey, MIT Press, 1996 *******kevincarmody****/math/goedel.html Kurt Gödel (1906-1978) Germany, U.S.A. Gödel, who had the nickname Herr Warum ("Mr. Why") as a child, was perhaps the foremost logic theorist ever, clarifying the relationships between various modes of logic.... He proved that first-order logic was indeed complete, but that the more powerful axiom systems needed for arithmetic (constructible set theory) were necessarily incomplete. *******fabpedigree****/james/mathmen.htm#Godel Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/2012/02/let-there-be-light.html
17 May 2012
760
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9:22
It is interesting to note that although Alan Turing believed humans were merely machines, much like the computers he had envisioned, failed to realize that his idea for computers came to him suddenly, 'in a vision', thus confirming Godel's contention that humans had access to the 'divine spark of intuition'. A divine spark which enables humans to transcend the limits he, and Turing, had found in his incompleteness theorem for computers, mathematics, and even for all material reality generally: Gifted people being able to instantaneously know answers to complex problems, as Turing himself did with his vision of a computer, is something that argues forcefully against the notion that our minds are merely the 'emergent' products of molecules in motion in our brain; Electrical genius Nicola Tesla was born in Serbia in 1856,,, his father was a clergyman. Excerpt: While walking in Budapest Park, Hungary, Nikola Tesla had seen a vision of a functioning alternating current (AC) electric induction motor. This was one of the most revolutionary inventions in the entire history of the world. *******www.reformation****/nikola-tesla.html The boy in this following video rivals, or surpasses, Nikola Tesla as an example of innovative ideas coming fully formed to the mind without any need for trial and error: Bluejay: The Mind of a Child Prodigy – video *******www.cbsnews****/video/watch/?id=7186319n At the 11:50 minute mark of this following video 21 year old world Chess champion Magnus Carlsen explains that he does not know how he knows his next move of Chess instantaneously, that ‘it just comes natural’ to him to know the answer instantaneouly. Mozart of Chess: Magnus Carlsen – video *******www.cbsnews****/video/watch/?id=7399370n&tag=contentMain;contentAux A chess prodigy explains how his mind works – video Excerpt: What’s the secret to Magnus’ magic? Once an opponent makes a move, Magnus instantaneously knows his own next move. *******www.cbsnews****/8301-504803_162-57380913-10391709/a-chess-prodigy-explains-how-his-mind-works/?tag=segementExtraScroller;housing This ability to 'instantaneously' know answers to complex problems has long been a very intriguing characteristic of some autistic savants; Is Integer Arithmetic Fundamental to Mental Processing?: The mind's secret arithmetic Excerpt: Because normal children struggle to learn multiplication and division, it is surprising that some savants perform integer arithmetic calculations mentally at "lightning" speeds (Treffert 1989, Myers 1903, Hill 1978, Smith 1983, Sacks 1985, Hermelin and O'Connor 1990, Welling 1994, Sullivan 1992). They do so unconsciously, without any apparent training, typically without being able to report on their methods, and often at an age when the normal child is struggling with elementary arithmetic concepts (O'Connor 1989). Examples include multiplying, factoring, dividing and identifying primes of six (and more) digits in a matter of seconds as well as specifying the number of objects (more than one hundred) at a glance. For example, one savant (Hill 1978) could give the cube root of a six figure number in 5 seconds and he could double 8,388,628 twenty four times to obtain 140,737,488,355,328 in several seconds. Joseph (Sullivan 1992), the inspiration for the film "Rain Man" about an autistic savant, could spontaneously answer "what number times what number gives 1234567890" by stating "9 times 137,174,210". Sacks (1985) observed autistic twins who could exchange prime numbers in excess of eight figures, possibly even 20 figures, and who could "see" the number of many objects at a glance. When a box of 111 matches fell to the floor the twins cried out 111 and 37, 37, 37. *******www.centreforthemind****/publications/integerarithmetic.cfm The following video is fairly direct in establishing the 'spiritual' link to man's ability to learn new information, in that it shows that the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) scores for students showed a steady decline, for seventeen years from the top spot or near the top spot in the world, after the removal of prayer from the public classroom by the Supreme Court, not by public decree, in 1963. Whereas the SAT scores for private Christian schools have consistently remained at the top, or near the top, spot in the world: The Real Reason American Education Has Slipped – David Barton – video *******www.metacafe****/watch/4318930 You can see that dramatic difference, of the SAT scores for private Christian schools compared to public schools, at this following site; Aliso Viejo Christian School – SAT 10 Comparison Report *******www.alisoviejochristianschool****/sat_10.html Of related interest: Bruce Charlton's Miscellany - October 2011 Excerpt: I had discovered that over the same period of the twentieth century that the US had risen to scientific eminence it had undergone a significant Christian revival. ,,,The point I put to (Richard) Dawkins was that the USA was simultaneously by-far the most dominant scientific nation in the world (I knew this from various scientometic studies I was doing at the time) and by-far the most religious (Christian) nation in the world. How, I asked, could this be - if Christianity was culturally inimical to science? *******charltonteaching.blogspot****/2011/10/meeting-richard-dawkins-and-his-wife.html The following video is also very suggestive to a 'spiritual' link in man's ability to learn new information in that the video shows that almost every, if not every, founder of each discipline of modern science was a devout Christian: Christianity Gave Birth To Science - Dr. Henry Fritz Schaefer - video *******vimeo****/16523153 As well Sir Isaac Newton stated this in regards to his own discoveries: I have a fundamental belief in the Bible as the Word of God, written by men who were inspired. I study the Bible daily…. All my discoveries have been made in an answer to prayer. — Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), considered by many to be the greatest scientist of all time These following studies, though of materialistic bent, offer strong support that Humans are extremely unique in 'advanced information capacity' when compared to animals: Darwin’s mistake: Explaining the discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds: Excerpt: There is a profound functional discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds. We argue that this discontinuity pervades nearly every domain of cognition and runs much deeper than even the spectacular scaffolding provided by language or culture can explain. We hypothesize that the cognitive discontinuity between human and nonhuman animals is largely due to the degree to which human and nonhuman minds are able to approximate the higher-order, systematic, relational capabilities of a physical symbol system. *******www.mendeley****/research/darwins-mistake-explaining-discontinuity-between-human-nonhuman-minds-1/ John 1:1-1 In the beginning, the Word existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God. A very strong piece of suggestive evidence, which persuasively hints at a unique relationship that man has with 'The Word' of John 1:1, is found in these following articles which point out the fact that ‘coincidental scientific discoveries’ are far more prevalent than what should be expected from a materialistic perspective,: In the Air – Who says big ideas are rare? by Malcolm Gladwell Excerpt: This phenomenon of simultaneous discovery—what science historians call “multiples”—turns out to be extremely common. One of the first comprehensive lists of multiples was put together by William Ogburn and Dorothy Thomas, in 1922, and they found a hundred and forty-eight major scientific discoveries that fit the multiple pattern. Newton and Leibniz both discovered calculus. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace both discovered evolution. Three mathematicians “invented” decimal fractions. Oxygen was discovered by Joseph Priestley, in Wiltshire, in 1774, and by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, in Uppsala, a year earlier. Color photography was invented at the same time by Charles Cros and by Louis Ducos du Hauron, in France. Logarithms were invented by John Napier and Henry Briggs in Britain, and by Joost Bürgi in Switzerland. ,,, For Ogburn and Thomas, the sheer number of multiples could mean only one thing: scientific discoveries must, in some sense, be inevitable. *******www.newyorker****/reporting/2008/05/12/080512fa_fact_gladwell/?currentPage=all List of multiple discoveries Excerpt: Historians and sociologists have remarked on the occurrence, in science, of "multiple independent discovery". Robert K. Merton defined such "multiples" as instances in which similar discoveries are made by scientists working independently of each other.,,, Multiple independent discovery, however, is not limited to only a few historic instances involving giants of scientific research. Merton believed that it is multiple discoveries, rather than unique ones, that represent the common pattern in science. *******en.wikipedia****/wiki/List_of_multiple_discoveries Further note: Kurt Godel was well aware of the deep implications of his theorem as the following quotes from Godel make clear: Quotes by Kurt Godel: "The brain is a computing machine connected with a spirit." [6.1.19] "Consciousness is connected with one unity. A machine is composed of parts." [6.1.21] "I don’t think the brain came in the Darwinian manner. In fact, it is disprovable. Simple mechanism can’t yield the brain. I think the basic elements of the universe are simple. Life force is a primitive element of the universe and it obeys certain laws of action. These laws are not simple, and they are not mechanical." [6.2.12] "The world in which we live is not the only one in which we shall live,,,." "Materialism is false." quotes taken from - Hao Wang’s supplemental biography of Gödel, A Logical Journey, MIT Press, 1996 *******kevincarmody****/math/goedel.html Kurt Gödel (1906-1978) Germany, U.S.A. Gödel, who had the nickname Herr Warum ("Mr. Why") as a child, was perhaps the foremost logic theorist ever, clarifying the relationships between various modes of logic.... He proved that first-order logic was indeed complete, but that the more powerful axiom systems needed for arithmetic (constructible set theory) were necessarily incomplete. *******fabpedigree****/james/mathmen.htm#Godel Gödel's Proof If Gödel's first theorem showed that systems of arithmetic cannot be complete, and that some truths of number theory can never be proved or disproved regardless of how much time and ingenuity we spend on them, then the second theorem shows that our confidence in the arithmetic we do have can never be perfect. It is not an exaggeration to say that the two theorems permanently destroyed two ideals of mathematics at the heart of its glory and prestige for millenia. Gödel published both theorems in 1931 at age 25. Notes: No particular truth of number theory (or version of G) is absolutely unprovable, since any one you like can be added to the axiom set. But there will always be some unprovable truth for such systems. So every truth is provable, just not in the same system. The theorem only applies to sufficiently powerful systems. Many weak and all inconsistent systems are immune to Gödel's theorem. Similarly, the theorem is not provable in some non-standard logics specifically designed to block it. *******www.earlham.edu/~peters/courses/logsys/g-proof.htm further notes: Kurt Gödel - Incompleteness Theorem as it applies to material particles and the universe ********docs.google****/document/d/1GN9MSnMhp6a67TvDvW1DusssdidK0Aq1qYC2updfqvw/edit Epistemology – Why should the human mind be able to comprehend reality so deeply? - referenced article ********docs.google****/document/d/1qGvbg_212biTtvMschSGZ_9kYSqhooRN4OUW_Pw-w0E/edit Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/2012/02/let-there-be-light.html
17 May 2012
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