Peachpittv**** - Photoshop World '08 is coming to Las Vegas this September. In the meantime, Dan Margulis, the only writer in the Photoshop Hall of Fame, discusses which channels are the best for creating optimal contrast in your photos at PSW '07.
Roni Margulies'in İzmir'de katıldığı "Kemalizm, Derin Devlet ve Ergenekon" başlık toplantısındaki konuşmasının birinci bölümü.
Roni Margulies'in İzmir'de katıldığı "Kemalizm, Derin Devlet ve Ergenekon" başlıklı toplantısındaki konuşmasının ikinci bölümü.
Roni Margulies'in İzmir'de katıldığı "Kemalizm, Derin Devlet ve Ergenekon" başlıklı toplantısındaki konuşmasının üçüncü bölümü.
Laura Margulies & Associates LLC in Maryland provides clients relief from financial stress and helps stop creditor harassment. If you are thinking of filing for bankruptcy, call toll free 1-888-793-0177 or visit *******www.law-margulies****.
The Lost Room, a thrilling mini-series event that previously aired on the Sci-Fi Channel on December 11, 2006, features an all-star cast including Peter Krause, Julianna Margulies, Margaret Cho, with Roger Bart and Kevin Pollak. The story follows a detective as he investigates a mysterious motel room, which acts as a portal to an alternate universe.
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Julianna Margulies on Predicto TV! Check out Episode 54 of Predicto TV now!
Three subsets of sequence complexity and their relevance to biopolymeric information:
We repeat that a single incident of nontrivial algorithmic programming success achieved without selection for fitness at the decision-node programming level would falsify any of these null hypotheses. This renders each of these hypotheses scientifically testable. We offer the prediction that none of these four hypotheses will be falsified.
Whatever we may try to do within a given species, we soon reach limits which we cannot break through. A wall exists on every side of each species. That wall is the DNA coding, which permits wide variety within it (within the gene pool, or the genotype of a species)-but no exit through that wall. Darwin's gradualism is bounded by internal constraints, beyond which selection is useless." R. Milner, Encyclopedia of Evolution (1990)
Evolution - Tested And Falsified - Don Patton - video
Dogs Stay Dogs and Bugs Stay Bugs - David Berlinski - video
All examples of speciation put forth by materialists all turn out to be trivial examples of reproductive isolation:
"The closest science has come to observing and recording actual speciation in animals is the work of Theodosius Dobzhansky in Drosophilia paulistorium fruit flies. But even here, only reproductive isolation, not a new species, appeared."
from page 32 "Acquiring Genomes" Lynn Margulis.
At one of her many public talks, she [Lynn Margulis] asks the molecular biologists in the audience to name a single unambiguous example of the formation of a new species by the accumulation of mutations. Her challenge goes unmet. - Michael Behe - Darwin's Black Box - Page 26
Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis
"I have seen estimates of the incidence of the ratio of deleterious-to-beneficial mutations which range from one in one thousand up to one in one million. The best estimates seem to be one in one million (Gerrish and Lenski, 1998). The actual rate of beneficial mutations is so extremely low as to thwart any actual measurement (Bataillon, 2000, Elena et al, 1998). Therefore, I cannot ...accurately represent how rare such beneficial mutations really are." (J.C. Sanford; Genetic Entropy page 24) - 2005
Estimation of spontaneous genome-wide mutation rate parameters: whither beneficial mutations? (Thomas Bataillon)
Abstract......It is argued that, although most if not all mutations detected in mutation accumulation experiments are deleterious, the question of the rate of favourable mutations (and their effects) is still a matter for debate.
Distribution of fitness effects caused by random insertion mutations in Escherichia coli
Excerpt: At least 80% of the mutations had a significant negative effect on fitness, whereas none of the mutations had a significant positive effect. *******www.springerlink****/content/r37w1hrq5l0q3832/
High Frequency of Cryptic Deleterious Mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans ( Esther K. Davies, Andrew D. Peters, Peter D. Keightley)
"In fitness assays, only about 4 percent of the deleterious mutations fixed in each line were detectable. The remaining 96 percent, though cryptic, are significant for mutation load...the presence of a large class of mildly deleterious mutations can never be ruled out. "
But in all the reading Ive done in the life-sciences literature, Ive never found a mutation that added information All point mutations that have been studied on the molecular level turn out to reduce the genetic information and not increase it.
Lee Spetner - Ph.D. Physics - MIT - (Not By Chance: Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution)
"Bergman (2004) has studied the topic of beneficial mutations. Among other things, he did a simple literature search via Biological Abstracts and Medline. He found 453,732 mutation hits, but among these only 186 mentioned the word beneficial (about 4 in 10,000). When those 186 references were reviewed, almost all the presumed beneficial mutations were only beneficial in a very narrow sense- but each mutation consistently involved loss of function changes-hence loss of information. Sanford: Genetic Entropy
Mutations, in summary, tend to induce sickness, death, or deficiencies. No evidence in the vast literature of heredity change shows unambiguous evidence that random mutation itself, even with geographical isolation of populations leads to speciation.
Lynn Margulis - Acquiring Genomes , p. 29.
But there is no evidence that DNA mutations can provide the sorts of variation needed for evolution There is no evidence for beneficial mutations at the level of macroevolution, but there is also no evidence at the level of what is commonly regarded as microevolution.
Jonathan Wells (PhD. - Molecular Biology)
Evolution vs. Genetic Entropy - video
Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis
"Perhaps the most obvious challenge is to demonstrate evolution empirically. There are, arguably, some 2 to 10 million species on earth. The fossil record shows that most species survive somewhere between 3 and 5 million years. In that case, we ought to be seeing small but significant numbers of originations (new species) .. every decade." Keith Stewart Thomson, Professor of Biology and Dean of the Graduate School, Yale University (Nov. -Dec. American Scientist, 1997 pg. 516)
A materialist will try to assert evolution of species is happening all the time, all over the place, with a lot of suggestive evidence which is far from being scientifically conclusive. Once again the hard evidence of extensive and exhaustive experimentation betrays the materialist in his attempts to validate his evolutionary scenario.
“Whatever we may try to do within a given species, we soon reach limits which we cannot break through. A wall exists on every side of each species. That wall is the DNA coding, which permits wide variety within it (within the gene pool, or the genotype of a species)-but no exit through that wall. Darwin's gradualism is bounded by internal constraints, beyond which selection is useless." R. Milner, Encyclopedia of Evolution (1990)
At one of her many public talks, she [Lynn Margulis] asks the molecular biologists in the audience to name a single unambiguous example of the formation of a new species by the accumulation of mutations. Her challenge goes unmet.
Michael Behe - Darwin's Black Box - Page 26
Natural Selection and Evolution's Smoking Gun, - American Scientist - 1997
“A matter of unfinished business for biologists is the identification of evolution's smoking gun,”... “the smoking gun of evolution is speciation, not local adaptation and differentiation of populations.” Keith Stewart Thomson - evolutionary biologist
“The central question of the Chicago conference was whether the mechanisms underlying microevolution can be extrapolated to explain the phenomena of macroevolution. At the risk of doing violence to the position of some people at the meeting, the answer can be given as a clear, No.”
Roger Lewin - Historic Chicago “Macroevolution” conference of 1980
Evolution - Tested And Falsified - Don Patton - video
Dogs Stay Dogs and Bugs Stay Bugs - David Berlinski - video
Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis
*******moviefanface**** the blog for movie collectors, presents Movie Irv Slifkin's Raw Review City Island, the comic drama starring Andy Garcia, Julianna Margulies, Dominik Garcia-Lorido, and Alan Arkin, directed by Raymond De Felitta
Julianna Margulies (ER) stars alongside Chris Noth (Sex and the City) in the critically acclaimed courtroom drama, THE GOOD WIFE: SEASON 1 available to buy on DVD on September 20 2010 from Paramount Home Entertainment.
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Refuting Darwinian Evolution - Jon Rittenhouse - video
What evidence is found for the first life on earth? - article
Dean Kenyon, who was a leading Origin Of Life researcher as well as a college textbook author on the subject in the 1970s, admitted after years of extensive research:
"We have not the slightest chance for the chemical evolutionary origin of even the simplest of cells".
Origin Of Life? - Probability Of Protein And The Information Of DNA - Dean Kenyon - video
Programming of Life - Probability of a Cell Evolving - video
Probability Of A Protein and First Living Cell - Chris Ashcraft - video (notes in description)
The Origin of Life - Lecture On Probability - John Walton - Professor Of Chemistry - short video
Protein Molecules and "Simple" Cells - video
Evolution: Possible or Impossible? - free e-book (with plenty of examples from math) - by Dr. James F. Coppedge
Stephen Meyer - Proteins by Design - Doing The Math - video
Centre for Intelligent Design Lecture 2011 by Stephen Meyer on 'Signature in the Cell' - video
Signature in the Cell - Book Review - Ken Peterson
Excerpt: If we assume some minimally complex cell requires 250 different proteins then the probability of this arrangement happening purely by chance is one in 10 to the 164th multiplied by itself 250 times or one in 10 to the 41,000th power.
In fact years ago Fred Hoyle arrived at approximately the same number, one chance in 10^40,000, for life spontaneously arising. From this number, Fred Hoyle compared the random emergence of the simplest bacterium on earth to the likelihood “a tornado sweeping through a junkyard might assemble a Boeing 747 therein”. Fred Hoyle also compared the chance of obtaining just one single functioning protein molecule, by chance combination of amino acids, to a solar system packed full of blind men solving Rubik’s Cube simultaneously.
Professor Harold Morowitz shows the Origin of Life 'problem' escalates dramatically over the 1 in 10^40,000 figure when working from a thermodynamic perspective,:
"The probability for the chance of formation of the smallest, simplest form of living organism known is 1 in 10^340,000,000. This number is 10 to the 340 millionth power! The size of this figure is truly staggering since there is only supposed to be approximately 10^80 (10 to the 80th power) electrons in the whole universe!"
(Professor Harold Morowitz, Energy Flow In Biology pg. 99, Biophysicist of George Mason University)
Dr. Don Johnson lays out some of the probabilities for life in this following video:
Probabilities Of Life - Don Johnson PhD. - 38 minute mark of video
a typical functional protein - 1 part in 10^175
the required enzymes for life - 1 part in 10^40,000
a living self replicating cell - 1 part in 10^340,000,000
Increasing Genomic Information - Don Johnson - video
Excerpt: Forming the simplest life is 10^300,000,000 more likely that forming a human life
Dr. Morowitz did another probability calculation working from the thermodynamic perspective with a already existing cell and came up with this number:
DID LIFE START BY CHANCE?
Excerpt: Molecular biophysicist, Horold Morowitz (Yale University), calculated the odds of life beginning under natural conditions (spontaneous generation). He calculated, if one were to take the simplest living cell and break every chemical bond within it, the odds that the cell would reassemble under ideal natural conditions (the best possible chemical environment) would be one chance in 10^100,000,000,000. You will have probably have trouble imagining a number so large, so Hugh Ross provides us with the following example. If all the matter in the Universe was converted into building blocks of life, and if assembly of these building blocks were attempted once a microsecond for the entire age of the universe. Then instead of the odds being 1 in 10^100,000,000,000, they would be 1 in 10^99,999,999,916 (also of note: 1 with 100 billion zeros following would fill approx. 20,000 encyclopedias)
Punctured cell will never reassemble - Jonathan Wells - 2:40 mark of video
The Humpty-Dumpty Effect: A Revolutionary Paper with Far-Reaching Implications - Paul Nelson - October 23, 2012
Excerpt: Tompa and Rose calculate the "total number of possible distinct patterns of interactions," using yeast, a unicellular eukaryote, as their model system; this "total number" is the size of the space that must be searched. With approximately 4,500 proteins in yeast, the interactome search space "is on the order of 10^7200, an unimaginably large number," they write -- but "more realistic" estimates, they continue, are "yet more complicated." Proteins present many possible surfaces for chemical interaction. "In all," argue Tompa and Rose, "an average protein would have approximately 3540 distinguishable interfaces," and if one uses this number for the interactome space calculation, the result is 10 followed by the exponent 7.9 x 10^10.,,, the numbers preclude formation of a functional interactome (of 'simple' life) by trial and error,, within any meaningful span of time. This numerical exercise...is tantamount to a proof that the cell does not organize by random collisions of its interacting constituents. (i.e. that life did not arise, nor operate, by chance!)
Also of interest is the information content that is derived in a cell when working from a thermodynamic perspective:
“a one-celled bacterium, e. coli, is estimated to contain the equivalent of 100 million pages of Encyclopedia Britannica. Expressed in information in science jargon, this would be the same as 10^12 bits of information. In comparison, the total writings from classical Greek Civilization is only 10^9 bits, and the largest libraries in the world – The British Museum, Oxford Bodleian Library, New York Public Library, Harvard Widenier Library, and the Moscow Lenin Library – have about 10 million volumes or 10^12 bits.” – R. C. Wysong
'The information content of a simple cell has been estimated as around 10^12 bits, comparable to about a hundred million pages of the Encyclopedia Britannica."
Carl Sagan, "Life" in Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia (1974 ed.), pp. 893-894
of note: The 10^12 bits of information number for a bacterium is derived from entropic considerations, which is, due to the tightly integrated relationship between information and entropy, considered the most accurate measure of the transcendent quantum information/entanglement constraining a 'simple' life form to be so far out of thermodynamic equilibrium.
"Is there a real connection between entropy in physics and the entropy of information? ....The equations of information theory and the second law are the same, suggesting that the idea of entropy is something fundamental..." Siegfried, Dallas Morning News, 5/14/90, [Quotes Robert W. Lucky, Ex. Director of Research, AT&T, Bell Laboratories & John A. Wheeler, of Princeton & Univ. of TX, Austin]
For calculations, from the thermodynamic perspective, please see the following site:
Moleular Biophysics – Information theory. Relation between information and entropy: - Setlow-Pollard, Ed. Addison Wesley
Excerpt: Linschitz gave the figure 9.3 x 10^12 cal/deg or 9.3 x 10^12 x 4.2 joules/deg for the entropy of a bacterial cell. Using the relation H = S/(k In 2), we find that the information content is 4 x 10^12 bits. Morowitz' deduction from the work of Bayne-Jones and Rhees gives the lower value of 5.6 x 10^11 bits, which is still in the neighborhood of 10^12 bits. Thus two quite different approaches give rather concordant figures.
Ilya Prigogine was an eminent chemist and physicist who received two Nobel Prizes in chemistry. Regarding the probability of life originating by accident, he said:
“The statistical probability that organic structures and the most precisely harmonized reactions that typify living organisms would be generated by accident, is zero.”
Ilya Prigogine, Gregoire Nicolis, and Agnes Babloyantz, Physics Today 25, pp. 23-28.
Quotes of Note:
The Theist holds the Intellectual High-Ground - March 2011
Excerpt: To get a range on the enormous challenges involved in bridging the gaping chasm between non-life and life, consider the following: “The difference between a mixture of simple chemicals and a bacterium, is much more profound than the gulf between a bacterium and an elephant.”
(Dr. Robert Shapiro, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, NYU)
Scientists Prove Again that Life is the Result of Intelligent Design - Rabbi Moshe Averick - August 2011
Excerpt: “To go from bacterium to people is less of a step than to go from a mixture of amino acids to a bacterium.” - Dr. Lynn Margulis
Stephen Meyer - The Scientific Basis for the Intelligent Design Inference - video
Polonia, Lvov nel 1943, sotto lâoccupazione nazista: il debole opprime il piÃ¹ debole, il povero ruba al meno povero. Non ci si puÃ² fidare di nessuno. Leopold Socha, operaio nelle fognature e ladruncolo, si industria per sbarcare il lunario e mantenere moglie e figlia. Il suo amico Bortnik, un alto ufficiale ucraino, avanza la promessa di una vita migliore: tutto quello che Socha deve fare Ã¨ trovare gli ebrei nascosti nelle fogne. Dopotutto, nessuno conosce il sistema meglio di lui che lo utilizza per nascondere la refurtiva. Ben presto Socha si imbatte in un gruppo eterogeneo di ebrei che vuole nascondersi nelle fognature per tentare di fuggire allâimminente rastrellamento del ghetto. I fuggiaschi gli offrono denaro in cambio di protezione. Sebbene Socha sia pienamente consapevole che aiutare un ebreo potrebbe voler dire fucilazione immediata per lui e la sua famiglia, considera la proposta come un modo per ottenere soldi facili, cosÃ¬ stringe un accordo. Nel gruppo, Mundek Margulies, un imbroglione che ha coraggio da vendere mascherato dietro a un atteggiamento disinvolto, non si fida per niente di lui. Ciononostante, quando i Nazisti battono in perlustrazione, Socha aiuta gli ebrei, tra cui due bambini, a rifugiarsi nelle fogne. Iniziano le difficoltÃ per Socha, che deve fugare i sospetti di Bortnik sempre piÃ¹ convinto che lâamico abbia un segreto.