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Yukarı mezopotamya tarihi ve silvan 2
The figure of Abraham looms over three of the major religions of the world: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity which are sometimes referred to as the "Abrahamic religions", because of the progenitor role Abraham plays in their holy books. In the Jewish tradition, he is called Avraham Avinu, Abraham, Our Father.
God promised Abraham that through his offspring, all the nations of the world will come to be blessed, interpreted in Christian tradition as a reference to Christ. For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael.
His story is replete with famous incidents: a covenant with God that would lead to the birth of the Jewish nation, the near-sacrifice of his Isaac as a sign of his obedience to God, and the famous scene of destruction in his father's idol shop, are three of the famous incidents in his life story.
But is this Biblical hero simply a symbol representing the birth of the Jewish people, or was he of real flesh and blood? Scholars disagree, but archaeology may hold the answer.
Fifteen hundred cuneiform tablets, discovered in 1975 at an ancient city called Ebla, may be the key to unlocking the riddle of Abraham. Scholars were enthralled to discover the name "Abraham" repeated again and again in the tablets, which detail life in Abraham's native Mesopotamia and his adopted home of Canaan.
In this hour long History Channel Journey, we will discover what this important finding means to three of the religions which hold Abraham in such high esteem and we will visit the site of the Ebla tablets, as well as traditional locations in Abraham's life, such as the Dome of the Rock, the fabled location of the near-sacrifice of Isaac to God.
Doko Media Ltd. and Bible Land Shop (****) looks forward to serving you, your family and your community. Our wonderful Bible Land journey is shown to you on best quality DVD and with our full customer service and shipping guarantee.
In ancient Sumer, the alien Gods were known as the Anunnaki. In Greece, the Annodoti. In the Celtic lore, the Tuatha de Danaan. In the Semetic scriptures (Torah, Talmud, Old Testament, and other Apocryphal texts like the Book of Enoch), they are called The Nephilim, The Sons of God, or The Watchers.
The gods themselves had their own monarchy, with laws of succession similar to our own, and they built a global empire upon the Earth, with great cities, temples and monuments, and mighty nations established on several continents.
They created mankind as a slave race to work on their farms and in their gold mines, among other things. The Sumerian legends are very clear: man was made to bear the yoke of the gods. Man was separate from the gods, like a domesticated animal, and there was a great cultural taboo amongst the gods against sharing any of their sacred information with humanity, even things such as writing and mathematics. These gods ruled directly over Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley, and their rule is recorded in the histories of all three civilizations.
At some point, it is told, some of the gods broke rank. This is again recorded in just about every culture on Earth that has a written or oral history of legends. Some of the gods, finding human females most appealing, intermarried with them (breaking, of course, a major taboo within their own culture), and creating a race of human/god hybrids.
However, these actions (the interbreeding and sharing of secrets with humans) incurred the wrath of the Most High God, and a number of other gods who were disgusted by this interracial breeding. This sparked the massive and devastating battle of the gods that has come down to us in the legends of both the War in Heaven, and the Deluge. Then, in order to cleanse the Earth,s surface of the curse of humanity, they covered it with a flood. Interestingly, this flood is mentioned in the legends of almost every ancient culture on Earth.
These Anunnaki are said to occupy another planet in our solar system (known to scientists as 'Planet X'). This planet is called Nibiru, and is situated somewhere beyond Pluto. This planet, unlike other planets in our solar system, moves clockwise, rather than counter clockwise. It was a collision of Nibiru with another planet in our solar system which created Earth. Nibiru's orbit passes thorough our solar system only once every 3,600 years. Some expect the return this century as early as 2012
Based on the Planet X Video by Robert Sepehr
Introduction Film of East & Southeast Anatolia
Doğu - Güneydoğu Anadolu Tanıtım Filmi
Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia
With its high mountain ranges, remote plateaus, lakes and river beds splashed with colour, plus some of the best Turkish architecture anywhere, this region of Anatolia brings history to life. Sivas, Divriği, Erzurum, Battalgazi, Harput, and Ahlat, allcities in this region, were important centres of Seljuk art. In Eastern Anatolia are the cities of Ağrı, Bingöl, Bitlis, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Hakkari, Kars, Malatya, Muş, Tunceli, Van, Ardahan and Iğdır, while in the southeast are the largercities of Adıyaman, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Mardin, Siirt, Şanlıurfa, Batman, Şırnak and Kilis. Travelling around the east is more challenging, with huge distances between towns, extremes of climate and fewer facilities, but this is amply compensated bythe remote beauty, relatively unspoilt scenery and of course hospitality of the people.
The city of Erzurum is located on a large plane at an altitude of 1950 metres, and contains many religious schools, tombs and mosques from both the Seljuk and Ottoman period. Kars, in the far northeast, is famous for its castle, and nearby Ocaklı (Ani)is a historical city with rich architecture from the 10th and 11th centuries. Mount Ararat (Agri Dagi), whose peak soars up to 5165 metres, is significant to different religions. It is believed that after the Flood, in which all humanity was destroyed, Noah's ark came to rest on Mount Ararat and as the waters receded, Noah andhis family settled on the nearby plane of Igdir. As their numbers increased, they eventually spread along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to other parts of Anatolia.
Accordingly, Igdir is seen as the centre from which the second generation of humanitymultiplied and again spread over the world.The magnificent palace complex of İshak Paşa, which looks down onto Dogubeyazit, was built in the late 17th century by the Ottoman governor Ishak Pasa. The location and appearance of the castle is stunning, and is made up of a kitchen unit, a mosqueand separate womens and mens quarters.Lake Van is one of the highlights of the country and a tour of the entire lake should be made in order to experience the full range of beauty, including beautiful mountain silhouettes, bays, beaches, islands and important centres of Turkish culture andart. The city of Van, on the southeast of the lake, was the capital city of the Urartu empire and Van Castle, built around 1000 BC, is a marvellous example of that age.
South of Van, the city of Edremit is a poplar vacation spot famous for its beaches, campsites and restaurants. On the island of Akdamar is a museum which was originally a 10th century church. As the Tigris and Euphrates flow towards the planesof Mesopotamia, they pass through an important region of Anatolia which contains the cities of Diyarbakir, Mardin, Adıyaman, Şanlıurfa and Gaziantep, which is the oldest cultural settlement centre in Anatolia. North of Diyarbakır is Çayonu, the mostimportant neolithic settlement of the area. The basalt walls of Diyarbakır, which are more than 5km long, are the longest city walls in the country.Mardin is one of the few cities in the country that has preserved its traditional aesthetic architecture, and is unique also because of its unusual location on top of a hill.
The prophet Abraham, who is the father of three different religions,is believed to have lived in Şanlıurfa and Harran and so are considered to be sacred places.The Atatürk Dam, built in Bozova near Şanlıurfa, is the biggest in Turkey and the fourth largest in the world, and the area around Harran will be the most productive agricultural region of the country. Gaziantep is the most important industrial andagricultural area in southeastern Anatolia, and best known for its special varieties of kebap, lahmacun and baklava, and its Antep pistachios.Northeast of Adıyaman, on top of Mount Nemrut (Nemrut Dag) is the mausoleum made for the Commagene King, Antiochus I. On the east and west of the memorial grave site are the terraces where rituals were carried out, and of course the world famous hugestatues of the gods, which are best experienced at sunrise or sunset. Malatya is an important industrial and agricultural region on the lower Euphrates, famous for its apricots and the 13th century Ulu Cami mosque in Battalgazi with its beautiful glazed tiles.
At least 6 people are killed and more than 30 injured the day after Iraq celebrates national soccer victory
Monday July 30th, 2007
The soccer win seemed briefly to unite Iraqis of all religious and political affiliations. In what's described as the biggest street demonstrations since the fall of Saddam Hussein, joyous fans celebrated across the country in an outpouring of national pride. The team, known as the Lions of Mesopotamia, defeated Saudi Arabia 1-0 at the Asian games in Jakarta. For security reasons, the team does not play in Iraq. Players earn their living abroad, including the team captain and goal scorer, Younis Mahmoud, a Sunni Arab who says he is too scared to come home.
Today's bombing happened just hours after authorities had lifted a ban on all vehicles in Baghdad and other major cities. The ban had been imposed in an attempt to prevent violence before and after the game. A minibus blew up around midday outside a market and bus depot near Baghdad's Tarayan square. The bus was one of several waiting to take passengers to mostly Shia neighborhoods.
APTN cameras captured the euphoria of the players and cheering Iraqis Sunday, as well as the destruction that followed Monday.
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yukari mezopotamya uygarliklari icinde meya farqin ve hassuni'nin yeri
China (中國 em chinês tradicional, 中国 em chinês simplificado, Zhōngguó no sistema pinyin e Chung-kuo no sistema Wade-Giles) é uma antiga unidade histórica, cultural e geográfica situada na parte continental do leste da Ásia, incluindo algumas ilhas que desde 1949 foram divididas entre a República Popular da China (que inclui a China continental, Hong Kong e Macau) e a República da China (que inclui Taiwan e algumas ilhas da província de Fujian).
A palavra China costuma referir-se a regiões que, em termos mais específicos não fazem parte dela, como é o caso da Manchúria, da Mongólia Interior, o Tibete e Xinjiang (ver mapa das divisões da China). Nos meios de comunicação ocidentais, China refere-se, normalmente, à República Popular da China, enquanto que Taiwan se refere à República da China. Muitas vezes, em termos informais, especialmente entre chineses e ingleses (no contexto do mundo dos negócios), a Grande região da China (大中华地區) refere-se ao sentido mais lato, tal como foi apresentado no parágrafo anterior.
Na sua história, as capitais da China situavam-se, essencialmente, no leste. As quatro capitais mais citadas são Nanquim (Nanjing), Pequim (Beijing), Xian, e Luoyang. As línguas oficiais foram mudando ao longo da sua extensa história, (incluindo línguas entretanto desaparecidas), incluindo o mongol, o manchu e os vários dialetos do chinês, entre os quais o mandarim (em chinês Hanyu, pronunciado haN ü, ou seja, /h/ como hat, em inglês, e /ü/ como o som do "u" francês) e o cantonês.
A palavra portuguesa "China", bem como o prefixo associado, "sino-", derivam, provavelmente, de Qin (pronúncia "tchim", onde o "q" é pronunciado como um alveopalatal, como o "ch" na palavra inglesa chest). Há quem defenda, no entanto, que China derive da palavra chinesa para chá (igual à palavra em português que, aliás, tem a sua origem etimológica no próprio mandarim) ou, mesmo, de "seda" (note-se, em jeito de nota de rodapé, que é vulgar a associação entre a palavra china e os produtos que têm aí a sua origem: china, em português, também pode significar porcelana) . Qualquer que seja, contudo, a origem da palavra "China" (que é uma palavra europeia, não existindo em qualquer das línguas sino-tibetanas) foi-se perdendo à medida que era filtrada pelos vários povos atravessados pela Rota da Seda, que fazia a primeira ligação histórica estável entre esta região asiática e a Europa.China (traditional Chinese: 中國; simplified Chinese: 中国; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguó; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōngguó (help·info); Wade-Giles (Mandarin): Chung¹kuo²) is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and, depending on perspective, a national or multinational entity extending over a large area in East Asia.
China has one of the world's oldest people and continuous civilizations, consisting of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia. It has the world's longest continuously used written language system, and is the source of many major inventions, such as what the British scholar and biochemist Joseph Needham called the "four great inventions of Ancient China": paper, the compass, gunpowder, and printing. Historically, China's cultural sphere has extended across East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing systems being adopted to varying degrees by neighbors such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam.
The last Chinese Civil War has resulted in two political entities using the name China:
* the People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known as China, has control over mainland China, and the largely self-governing territories of Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999).
* the Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, has control over the islands of Taiwan, Pescadores, Kinmen, and Matsu.English and many other languages use various forms of the name "China" and the prefix "Sino-" or "Sin-". These forms are thought to derive from the name of the Qin Dynasty that first unified the country (221206 BCE). The pronunciation of "Qin" is similar to the phonetic "cheen", which is considered the possible root of the word "China".China is known as 'Zhōngguó' in Mandarin and pinyin (中國 in traditional chinese or 中国 in simplified chinese). The character zhōng means "middle" or central; the letter, guó, means land, kingdom or country. An appropriate English translation would be "middle kingdom".Ancient China was one of the earliest centers of human civilization. Chinese civilization was also one of the few to invent writing independently, the others being Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley Civilization, the Mayan civilization, the Minoan Civilization of ancient Greece, and Ancient Egypt.
Recently in delhi a press conference was held at Press Council Of India on behalf of His Excellency Carlos Yrigoyen Forno , the Acting Ambassador of Peru in India the press conference with World-renownearcheologist Ruth Shady for the first time in India to share her startling revelations on the discovery of the oldest urban civilization in the world & the oldest civilization of the Americas-the ancient city of Caral in Peru.
Ruth Shady Solís is a Peruvian anthropologist and archeologist. She is also founder and director of the Archeological project Caral.Throughout her career, she directed many different projects of archeological investigation on the coast, the highlands and the rain forests of Peru, placing emphasis on the study of the development of the complex socio-political organizations. She was director of the Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Antropología del Perú (Nacional museum of Arqueology and Antropology of Peru), and director of the Museum of Archeology and Anthropology of National University of San Marcos. She has worked at the Caral site from 1994 onwards and is credited with the discovery of the first known civilization of Peru; Shady has named the civilization after Caral, while the term Norte Chico has been adopted in English.
She holds the offices of President of ICOMOS-PERU, principal professor and co-ordinator of the master of archeology graduate program faculty of social sciences of the UNMSM and director of the special archeological project Caral-Supe/INC.
India is holding for the first time the XII International Conference of the National Trustees and Ms Ruth Shady has been invited by INTACH (India National Trust for Art & Cultural Heritage) to share her discoveries with everybody.
The discovery of Caral reshapes the history of Peru as well as the history of the world. From now on besides Mesopotamia, Egypt, India and China, Peru have to be included with the exceptional testimony of such an old culture of peace.
Alexander III of Macedon
Alexander was the son of Macedonian King Phillip II. Since his childhood Homer's heroic poems were favourite books of the heir of throne. And Alexander considered Achilles, the hero of the Trojan War, and mythical athlete Hercules as his idols.
The huge power, which he created, appeared to be unstable and was divided by his military leaders. But the Greek culture distributed in Mesopotamia, Iran, Syria, Judea and Egypt. Alexander the Great from Macedonia brought together the civilizations of Greece and Middle East and started the period known as the Hellenic Age.
Damasco è la capitale della Siria e una città storica, nata nello stesso periodo delle civiltà mesopotamiche; la sua popolazione in origine era costituita da genti di stirpe semitica orientale,successivamente note come Aramei. È considerata la più antica città del mondo fra quelle abitate in maniera continuativa.Puoi vedere altri video di località affascinanti su www.mybaggy****
Based on decades of research and the aid of scholars from around the world, God Kings for the first time brings a scholarly and educated look into the world of Royal bloodlines.
The implications of this work are enormous as they involve a lineage traced back to Odin, once believed to be a Norse god, whose lineage then merged with the bloodline of Jesus Christ himself.
As Professor Hugh Montgomery explains, many royal families around the globe know that they are indeed descended from Jesus and the Davidic line, and yet this incredible story has remained a secret for centuries.
Discover why the line of David was so important and where it originated.
Venture back to the time of Mesopotamia and the great God-Kings of antiquity.
Find out how widespread this bloodline is today and how even George Washington was a member of this elite lineage.
Professor Hugh Montgomery has steadfastly refused to be part of the Da Vinci Code debate feeling the real facts have never been properly studied and accepted. Other authors, such as Michael Baigent, have consistently referenced Montgomery as a source for their own work, stating they had "been presented important documents." These documents are owned by Professor Montgomery and are represented here in God Kings for the first time.
Join us as we trace the hidden secret of the real Bloodline.
St. Chrysostom shows that the destruction of Jerusalem is to be ascribed, not to the power of the Romans, for God had often delivered it from no less dangers; but to His special providence. God was pleased to put these hypocrites out of His Vineyard for fleecing His devotees such as the widow who gave the mite through these now useless ceremonial observances out of business. Today, a much greater hypocrite is the Pope who adopted many useless rituals and ceremonies to create a blind following in the name of Jesus. No wonder Popes started to sell tickets to the non-existent heaven after one's death when it is the living Royal Kingdom of God within our hearts that counts in living Christ Jesus. Further, Chrysostom says As a physician by breaking the cup, prevents his patient from indulging his appetite in a noxious draught; so God withheld the hypocrite Jews from their sacrifices by destroying the whole city itself, and making the place inaccessible to all of them for being unfaithful to Abraham in whose property the Temple was built and they became unfaithful also to God. Further, St.Gregory Nazianzen, Socrates, Theodoret, and other Christian writers of the Book lacking spirit, are unanimous in what they say of Julian's motive, ascribing to him the intention already mentioned, of falsifying the scripture prophecies, those of Daniel and Christ, which his actions sufficiently bear evidence. Julian was not a devout worshipper of God but an opportunist as most politicians are today. Thus, the historians of Julian, The Apostate, indeed, say, that he undertook this work out of a desire of rendering the glory of his reign immortal by so great an achievement: but this was only an after-thought or secondary motive; and his real motive was political. Julian acted not out of love for the Jewish people, but because he was a pagan who - despite its ascendancy - despised Christianity. Brought up as a Christian, Julian rejected the religion and turned back to the paganism of Greek and Roman days. He argued that Christianity would weaken and ultimately destroy the Roman Empire. As a result, he attempted to restore Hellenism, which earned him everlasting Christian disdain. Known to Christians as Julian the Apostate, the emperor restored pagan temples and the cult of the old Roman gods. These were to be served by a reform-minded pagan clergy with high moral character, who would compete with the Christian clergy in meeting the religious needs of the people. Julian remains famous for having declared absolute freedom for all religious beliefs - making him perhaps the first leader to extend toleration of religion to all Romans. Thus, Julian himself wrote a letter to the body or community of the Jews informing them of his intentions. In it he declares them free from all exactions and taxes, and orders Julus or Illus, probably Hillel, their most reverend patriarch, to abolish the taxes; begs their prayers, such was his hypocrisy, and promises, after his Persian expedition, when their temple should be rebuilt, to make Jerusalem his residence, and to offer up his joint prayers together with them. On July 19th, 362 A.D., Julian left Constantinople and arrived in Antioch to prepare for the invasion of Persia. However busy he must have been, he met with the chiefs of the Jews. He assembled the chief among the Jews, and asked them why they offered no blood sacrifices, since they were prescribed by their law. They replied, that they could not offer any but in the temple, which then lay in ruins. He promised: I shall endeavour with the utmost zeal to set up the Temple of the Most High God. Whereupon he commanded them to repair to Jerusalem, rebuild their temple, and re-establish their ancient worship, promising them his concurrence towards carrying on the work. The restoration of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem would, in Julian's opinion, defeat the Christian argument of replacement theology - that the Church was the true Israel, and that the Temple's destruction and the subsequent exile was the just punishment suffered by the Jewish people for the Crucifixion. In Moses, we had brick built temple, the Synagogues whilst in Christ Jesus, our Temple is the living Temple, our physical body not built by human hands but Nature. The Temple's restoration, Julian figured, would persuade Christian converts that God still favoured the Jewish people. Also, As an army commander, embarking on a war against a formidable Persian enemy, Julian could also expect that the Jews of Mesopotamia would assist his legions. The Jews received this warrant to rebuild their Temple with inexpressible joy, and were so elated with it, that, flocking from all parts to Jerusalem, they began insolently to scorn and triumph over the Christians, threatening to make them feel as fatal effects of their severity, as they themselves had heretofore from the Roman powers.
*******www.zonasafaritv****/expedicion/ Con un par de horas en el lugar de pesca comprobamos la riqueza ictica que tiene Diamante. Pesca deportiva con los amigos de Diamante Fly Cast.
Glover presents the board game, Mesopotamia: Cradle of Civilization designed by Klaus-Jürgen Wrede and published by Phalanx and Mayfair Games.