Added: July 01, 2008 (Less info)
Pentagon officials fear that Israel may attack Iran's nuclear facilities before the end of this year, a move they say that will have enormous security and economic repercussions for the United States and the rest of the world, The ABC television network quoted a Pentagon official saying chances of an Israeli attack on Iran are rapidly increasing.The Sunday Times reported at the beginning of the week that the Iranians repositioned their Shahab-3B missiles, which have an estimated range of more than 2000 kilometers following Israel's large scale exercise last month over the Mediterranean that was described as an apparent rehearsal for a strike on Iran's nuclear sites. Time will tell if the incr
This piece of Cold War Propaganda attempts to reassure the public about the aftermath of a nuclear attack on American soil. Told in a calmly scientific tone (a popular type of propaganda), the film uses both animation and live action to illustrate the effects a bomb might have and the dispersal pattern of fallout. Downplaying the dangers involved, the film recommends fallout shelters for every family as a standard for Civil Defense. The narrator gently assures the audience that two weeks of hiding out is enough before a family can emerge into a relatively safe world again. The dangers of fallout radiation are absurdly minimized as instructions for decontamination measures are given. About Fallout is one of the best examples of propaganda in American history and a great look at now antiquated nuclear fallout shelters. The film was originally sponsored by the US Department of Defense.
Narrated by actor Glenn Ford, this brilliantly produced documentary made by CBS is of a mock evacuation of Portland, Oregon during a nuclear attack. The film shows how a typical American city can evacuate its citizens in a safe and timely manner when under threat of an atomic bomb assault. A wonderful piece of the history of the atomic bomb, the film utilizes expert timing and narration to elicit a feeling of dread and suspense that would accompany such a disaster. But organization and readiness are stressed, allowing the emergency to be coped with. This is a great civil defense film and one of the best movies in Portland ever shot that details the evacuation routes and emergency procedures necessary to keep a city safe against the threat of nuclear war.
This film was produced in order to educate U.S. Air Force members about atomic bombs. Through a combination of animation and stock footage of actual bomb tests, the bombs themselves are thoroughly explained and described. The film then sets out to dispel the “myth” that atomic bombs can be dangerous in peacetime. In a striking example of American propaganda, the film shows various situations during which a bomb might be dropped or otherwise damaged during peaceable transport and reassures the audience that the explosions that might result are not dangerous in any way. This film was an attempt to calm and reassure US Air Force pilots about the dangers of nuclear weapons, nuclear attacks and about nuclear war in general.
This 1950s U.S. Army training film deals specifically with the psychological trauma that soldiers who witness mass casualties on the battlefield due to a nuclear attack would experience. Far from adequately prepping military officers for a post-apocalyptic disaster and its emotional scarring aftermath, the film informs its audience that nervousness, confusion, and sadness can all be expected as a normal part of dealing with such a catastrophe. Don't dwell on the destruction of nuclear weapons and atomic bombs, the film claims! A soldier can soon recover from this mental trauma and get back out on the front. Laughably, the only physical effects that are touched upon deal with minor burns. Management of Mass Casualties provides an astonishing examination of military psychology in the 1950s.
This absurd 1950 U.S. Air Force-sponsored film purports to give its audience the facts about the dangers of nuclear fallout, radiation sickness and the effects of exposure of nuclear radiation on people. What it really does, however, is try to calm down a terrified populace by lying about the very real dangers of nuclear radiation. The narrator urges the audience to ignore reports they have read about the dangers of radiation. Using animation, the film describes the human body as a factory with workers in different body “departments.” This departmental system minimizes the risks of external and internal radiation contamination, asserting that the blast is much more likely to kill a victim than radiation. In the event of survival of the blast itself, the film appallingly suggests that waiting a mere three minutes before going back outside is time enough for the radiation to disperse! Other folksy methods like eating food after radiation exposure are proposed. And fear not if your hair falls out from radiation poisoning - it will grow back! Failing that, a toupee advocated. Delightfully ridiculous, Medical Aspects of Nuclear Radiation is a frightening piece of American political propaganda.
This 1951 film, sponsored by the U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration, attempts to convince citizens to stay in their cities and fight in the event of a nuclear attack and nuclear war in America. Framed by a conversation between a newspaper editor and his colleague, the film claims that by fleeing threatened cities, citizens would be traitors contributing to decreased productivity and low morale. Instead the film insists citizens stay in their cities to help fight fires, clean up debris, and aid their neighbors. The film claims that people should not fear radiation and nuclear fallout as it clears up in a day or two. This downplaying of the dreadful effects of radiation is a recurring theme in American Cold War propaganda. Many different scenes showing war-torn European cities and mass evacuations, and even footage of New York’s Holland Tunnel and Penn Station, punctuate this amazing civil defense film that's rank with propaganda techniques.
This political propaganda video about nuclear energy promotes a variety of now dated ideas about the promise of atomic power. According to the film, the Public Health Service and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission would like to inform the public about nuclear energy and the risks to health and life. Nuclear energy, produced by nuclear power plants, is being used as a source of heat, light, and power to cities, industry, and in the propulsion of ships. It is also used in agriculture and medical research. This is all a great catalogue of the history of nuclear power.
There are three main categories of nuclear energy which are Aerospace Nuclear Reactor Test, Plowshare Program, and the Seismic Research Program. The Aerospace Nuclear Reactor Test is creating engines to propel rockets to outer space. The Plowshare Program is developing nuclear power to compete with oil, coal, and natural gas. The initial investment is high; however, can pay off in the long haul. They are also looking into how to use underground explosions for construction means. The Seismic Research Program is looking to improve methods of underground detonations. They are currently detonating with seismic readings all around the world to study the recordings. While doing all this, they always make sure to check if the local drinking water has been contaminated. They must see if there is any surface radiation.
The Atomic Energy Commission has partnered with the Public Health Service, Weather Bureau, the Geological Survey, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the Bureau of Mines. These groups are all working together to protect public health, and shockingly downplay the effects of nuclear radiation.
The Atomic Energy Commission makes programs to inform the public, specifically the near the test area. They use any sort of media to get their message out there so the people are informed. Public officials, school administrators, and other groups and informed based on their specific needs.
The commission is constantly monitoring for radiation. Ground crews are ready at a moment’s notice to scan the areas. Film badges are places all over towns to monitor each portion of town. They sample indigenous foods, soil, milk, and potable and other water supplies. The researchers specifically look at underground water supplies. They will monitor those for up to five years.
Farmers are also informed about what might specifically happen to their livestock. The commission has been running tests for years now. They even allow a sample heard to live near the research area where fissions products are known to be. Sometimes a cow is sacrificed, and (unrealistically) researchers have yet to find any significant affects from radiation yet.
This video, which expounds upon myths about radiation safety, is amazingly biased - but that's where its historical significance lies. This film is not a good source for facts on nuclear energy. It is, however, an excellent source for historical evidence of political propaganda and how governments can turn a blind eye to the dangers and harmful effects of radiation. Media misinformation at its finest.
Survival Under Atomic Attack is a 1951 Civil Defense film which focuses on what the average American can do to protect himself if caught out in the open or at home during a nuclear attack. Narrated by the magnificent journalist Edward R. Murrow, the film shows clips of actual nuclear bomb tests interspersed with dramatizations of citizens huddling in gutters, houses, and fallout shelters. Murrow advises the audience that the worst thing to do after an attack is to flee the area, saying that the enemy would love for our factories, offices, and homes to be empty and unproductive. Instead, he suggests, people should take cover for a short time and then continue working and producing. The dangers of nuclear fallout are not discussed and Murrow even cites Japan as an example for both how dangerous nuclear bombs can be (if they’d known how to take cover, lives could have been saved), and how benign fallout is (Murrow says that most Japanese survivors did not suffer from radiation sickness). Through editing, many different scenes of interest are shown including an air-raid alert, bomb blasts, and a typical American family preparing for an attack. Engrossing for its use of powerful historical footage and for its blatantly false optimism about the effect of nuclear war, Survival Under Atomic Attack is a powerful civil defense film that will amaze viewers. Cold War propaganda is one of the most insidious types of propaganda, and it's at a fever pitch in this film.
This 1961 U.S. Civil Defense film is significant because it was among the first of its kind to characterize nuclear fallout as dangerous. Making the claim that every U.S. citizen lives within fallout range of a “likely nuclear attack target,” the film uses maps and various shots of highways, suburbs, crowds, and pedestrians to show the potential for fallout to affect everyone. The use of dramatic music and narration suggests that this was a typical “scare film” meant to induce the public to take the threat of nuclear fallout seriously. There is even footage of a man dying in a hospital bed, presumably of radiation sickness. Various methods for surviving nuclear war for humans and even livestock are shown. Not a cheery Cold War propaganda relic, this film about the dangers and effects of radiation is a serious affair. Fallout shelters and obtaining them was a serious concern for a family terrified of nuclear radiation, illness, sickness, and poisoning.
More at Muhammad Sahimi challenges assumptions about Iran's nuclear program
A frightening look at how industrialists proposed to apply nuclear power to all facets of American life, Atoms for Peace is a nonstop promotion of nuclear energy that tragically stresses the harmlessness and efficiency of nuclear energy. Nuclear power was one of the fastest growing fields in the twentieth century and this film is a landmark in nuclear power history. For example, nuclear power was embraced by the oil industry by utilizing radioisotopes to save the industry nearly a half a million dollars a year through the use of atomic tracers in the oil. The film enumerates the uses of nuclear energy, which includes how particles can tell scientists about the affects of aging on car engines, the length of paper or sheet metal in a factory, and help find microscopic flaws in metals. Perhaps the biggest advancement with isotopes is in the energy sector. For example, atomic scientists tell the viewer, much more energy is stored in a small amount of uranium compared to coal. Nuclear energy can be an alternative energy form for places that currently have no electricity. It will take quite some time before nuclear energy can be a competitive form of energy in the United States. However, a promising study just took place in which test administrators shut off the electrical power in a mock city and replaced electric with nuclear power. The lights came back on. Nuclear research also has a big affect in American agriculture. Scientists are now able to study plants in all new ways. They can build stronger, better plants. Fertilizers are being tested and improved. Great strides have been made against disease. With the help of atomic energy, pharmaceuticals are developing medicines and possible cures for cancer, leukemia, and diabetes. Researchers have even found that atomic energy can shrink tumors and kill cancer cells. Atoms of Peace gives a fascinating historical sense of the perception of nuclear power and its projected uses. The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power are not fairly weighed in this classically biased promotional video.
Atomic Energy as a Force of Good is a pro-atomic energy film is meant to educate people on the safety of nuclear power plants. Painting itself as part of quality educational videos, the film utilizes Hollywood actor Paul Kelly. Kelly plays a rancher who gets an offer from a power plant company for his land so they can build a nuclear reactor. He is against nuclear power and its possible effects on life in a small town, so he gets his neighbors to sign a petition barring the plant from their town. The town’s congressman then comes in with an atomic scientist who explains to the townsfolk why nuclear power is so safe and explains the multitudinous advantages of nuclear power and nuclear power plants. Other uses of radiation are discussed, like radiation uses in the medical field, using it to find brain tumors. The beneficial uses of nuclear radiation hits home with Kelly, whose granddaughter is dying of terminal brain cancer. Atomic Energy as a Force of Good is a brilliantly revealing melodrama from an age in American history where people were scared of new and intimidating technology. The lengths that large corporations were willing to go to reassure them is well documented in this great film.
What happens when a nuclear bomb explodes.
The importance of preventing nuclear proliferation.