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Black Inventors and Scientists - Philip Emeagwali Excerpt from: TIME magazine *******www.time****/time/2007/blackhistmth/bios/04.html BLACK HISTORY MONTH by Madison Gray EMEAGWALI . COM P H I L I P E M E A G W A L I A C a l c u l a t i n g M o v e It's hard to say who invented the Internet. There were many mathematicians and scientists who contributed to its development; computers were sending signals to each other as early as the 1950s. But the Web owes much of its existence to Philip Emeagwali, a math whiz who came up with the formula for allowing a large number of computers to communicate at once. Emeagwali was born to a poor family in Akure, Nigeria, in 1954. Despite his brain for math, he had to drop out of school because his family, who had become war refugees, could no longer afford to send him. As a young man, he earned a general education certificate from the University of London and later degrees from George Washington University and the University of Maryland, as well as a doctoral fellowship from the University of Michigan. At Michigan, he participated in the scientific community's debate on how to simulate the detection of oil reservoirs using a supercomputer. Growing up in an oil-rich nation and understanding how oil is drilled, Emeagwali decided to use this problem as the subject of his doctoral dissertation. Borrowing an idea from a science fiction story about predicting the weather, Emeagwali decided that rather than using 8 expensive supercomputers he would employ thousands of microprocessors to do the computation. The only step left was to find 8 machines and connect them. (Remember, it was the 80s.) Through research, he found a machine called the Connection Machine at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, which had sat unused after scientists had given up on figuring out how to make it simulate nuclear explosions. The machine was designed to run 65,536 interconnected microprocessors. In 1987, he applied for and was given permission to use the machine, and remotely from his Ann Arbor, Michigan, location he set the parameters and ran his program. In addition to correctly computing the amount of oil in the simulated reservoir, the machine was able to perform 3.1 billion calculations per second. The crux of the discovery was that Emeagwali had programmed each of the microprocessors to talk to six neighboring microprocessors at the same time. The success of this record-breaking experiment meant that there was now a practical and inexpensive way to use machines like this to speak to each other all over the world. Within a few years, the oil industry had seized upon this idea, then called the Hyperball International Network creating a virtual world wide web of ultrafast digital communication. The discovery earned him the Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers' Gordon Bell Prize in 1989, considered the Nobel Prize of computing, and he was later hailed as one of the fathers of the Internet. Since then, he has won more than 100 prizes for his work and Apple computer has used his microprocessor technology in their Power Mac G4 model. Today he lives in Washington with his wife and son. The
9 Feb 2009
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Philip Jennings' Davos scorecard 2009
29 Jan 2008
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Philips Electronics (PHG) today unveiled their “Imagination Light Canvas,” the first of its kind, during a media tour of the new Mercy Medical Center in Rogers, Ark. The hospital will open its doors on March 16. Produced for Philips
1 Mar 2008
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Philip Kirkorov
2 Mar 2008
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2008 supersport Philip Island 1
22 Mar 2008
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*******hotelectronicgadgets****/voip Get your Philips VOIP Wireless IP Phone
23 May 2008
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*******norshah.blogspot**** Philips Light Domino Incident Funny Exclusive Ads
25 May 2008
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(Concepts) (Site building & SEO) (Flash art video site). Amazing morphing artwork by Philip Scott Johnson - mixed with the wonderful song "Safe" by George Micheal on the "Spinning the wheels" EP. You must buy the album. Please note:- this video is demo only permission has been applied for the soundtrack from Virgin records.
23 Apr 2009
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Philips Ambient Experience Cool Ads
9 Jul 2008
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Philips Energy Efficient Light Cool Ads
20 Sep 2008
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Philips Flat Ambilight TV
9 Jul 2008
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Philips Stereo TV Old Ads
22 May 2009
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