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Today we have news on Mission Impossible 5, the video game adaptation of Deus Ex, and the new Tarzan Film. Plus, we take a first look at the villain from Thor: The Dark World, find out the 'star' of the Splinter Cell movie and more!
22 Nov 2012
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This is part of the Montreal Fringe Festival 2007 performance for Euphoreador + Friends. In this part the wake continues and 'banana man' tells an absurdist story containing pinocchio followed by 'jazz cat' that tells an anecdote about Jeremy that he translates from English into jazz. The performers for the whole piece were Josh Hinck, Morgan Murray, Franco Proietti, David Schultz. Sarah Gagnon-Turcotte filmed the performance.
27 Jun 2007
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That great institution, the British pub, is many things to many men, but for nearly two-thirds of young men it’s the place where they gather to brazenly tell a tale or two in order to impress their mates or members of the opposite sex. Research conducted by learndirect Careers Advice reveals that 60% of men between the ages of 19 and 25 often tell little white lies in the pub. For those blokes who admit to being a little economical with the truth, the figures show that: 1. 47% claim to possess a skill or talent they don’t have 2. 31% boast about being better at a sport than they really are 3. 27% frequently exaggerate about their work related responsibilities to give the impression they rule the roost 4. 31% lie about owning shiny new goods such as a car or electronic equipment 5. 28% admit to false bravado when it comes to stories of success with the opposite sex Young men in the North East are most likely to try and pull the wool over their mates’ eyes with 67% admitting to frequently fibbing in order to wow or woo. East Midland males are least likely to pull a fast one, although 50% still own up to telling the odd white lie – which highlights that many guys across the UK can’t help but tell porky pies. When work becomes the topic of pub banter, young men are as likely to stretch the truth about their success at work as they are about their success with women. What’s more, men working in property and education are most likely to exaggerate about what they do for a living. Lads think a good job and being a boss are important. In fact, a whopping 43% of young men claim to have a far more exciting job than the reality and one in five have claimed to occupy a higher position within their company than they actually do. 38% even admit to lying about what they earn – whose round is it next? Although pub lies sound harmless enough, the reasons behind these work-related fibs highlight that a high number of young men are really not happy in their current jobs. In fact, the research reveals that an alarming 62% of 19-25 year old men in full-time work actually want to trade in their current job for something they’ve always wanted to do. Based on the research, this involves being challenged more, being paid more and being seen as a success. TV and Radio 1 presenter Reggie Yates knows only too well the pitfalls of pub lies: “As a 25 year old man, I’ve come across a fair few pub Pinocchios in my time – guys will always brag, it’s in our nature. But when it comes to a job or career, you shouldn’t settle for exaggerating your monthly wedge or pretending to be your own boss – why not actually make it happen?” Reggie, who is fronting the learndirect Careers Advice campaign to encourage young men to get more out of their job or career, comments: “I’m lucky to be working in a job that I love, but lots of people leave school or college without really knowing what they want to do, and it’s not until they start working and end up getting stuck in a rut that they realise their talents may lie elsewhere. What’s important is that reaching for your dreams is possible; you may just need some straight forward advice and guidance on how to get there, which is why a service like learndirect Careers Advice is a good place to start.” learndirect Careers Advice Partnerships Manager, Paula Hardwick, says: “In the past 12 months, we have received enquiries from nearly 90,000 young men looking to make important decisions about their future. Some are simply unhappy in their job and want some kind of change, and others have a clearer view as to what job or career path they want to take, but need advice on how to get there. Our job at learndirect Careers Advice is to provide sound advice and help equip people with the means to reach their goals.” learndirect Careers Advice is a free and impartial service available online or over the phone offering personalised careers advice. A dedicated team of specially trained Careers Coaches are on hand to provide one to one career guidance sessions, helping you to assess your options and start planning for your future. They will also help with CVs, application forms and preparation for interviews. So whether you’re looking to make that step up the ladder or change your job or career direction, the learndirect Careers Advice service is available seven days a week from 8am to 10pm or 24 hours a day online. Call 0800 100 900 or log on to www.learndirect-advice******
19 Jan 2009
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RULO Y GONZALEZ FOR MORE: animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. In a traditionally-animated cartoon, each frame is drawn by hand. The traditional animation process Storyboards Traditionally-animated productions, just like other forms of animation, usually begin life as a storyboard, which is a script of sorts written with images as well as words, similar to a giant comic strip. The images allow the animation team to plan the flow of the plot and the composition of the imagery. The storyboard artists will have regular meetings with the director, and may have to redraw or "re-board" a sequence many times before it meets final approval. Voice recording Before true animation begins, a preliminary soundtrack or "scratch track" is recorded, so that the animation may be more precisely synchronized to the soundtrack. Given the slow, methodical manner in which traditional animation is produced, it is almost always easier to synchronize animation to a pre-existing soundtrack than it is to synchronize a soundtrack to pre-existing animation. A completed cartoon soundtrack will feature music, sound effects, and dialogue performed by voice actors. However, the scratch track used during animation typically contains just the voices, any vocal songs that the characters must sing along to, and temporary musical score tracks; the final score and sound effects are added in post-production. In the case of most pre-1930 sound animated cartoons, the sound was post-synched; that is, the sound track was recorded after the film elements were finished by watching the film and performing the dialogue, music, and sound effects required. Some studios, most notably Fleischer Studios, continued to post-synch their cartoons later, which allowed for the presence of the "muttered ad-libs" present in many Popeye the Sailor and Betty Boop cartoons. Although virtually all American animation is now pre-synched (and has been since the 1930s), nearly all Japanese animation (anime) is post-synched. Animatics Often, an animatic or story reel is made after the soundtrack is created, but before full animation begins. An animatic typically consists of pictures of the storyboard synchronized with the soundtrack. This allows the animators and directors to work out any script and timing issues that may exist with the current storyboard. The storyboard and soundtrack are amended if necessary, and a new animatic may be created and reviewed with the director until the storyboard is perfected. Editing the film at the animatic stage prevents the animation of scenes that would be edited out of the film; as traditional animation is a very expensive and time-consuming process, creating scenes that will eventually be edited out of the completed cartoon is strictly avoided. In the mid 1970's these were known as Videomatics and used primarily for test commercial projects. Advertising agencies today employ the use of animatics to test their commercials before they are made into full up spots. Animatics use drawn artwork, with moving pieces (ie: an arm that reaches for a product, or a head that turns). Video storyboards are the same thing as animatics, but do not have moving pieces. Photomatics are another option when creating test spots, but instead of using drawn artwork, there is a shoot in which hundreds of digital photographs are taken. The large amount of images to choose from may make the process of creating a test commercial a bit easier, as opposed to creating an animatic, because changes to drawn art take time and money. Photomatics generally cost more than animatics, as they require a shoot, and on-camera talent. Design and timing Once the animatic has been approved, it and the storyboards are sent to the design departments. Character designers prepare model sheets for all important characters and props in the film. These model sheets will show how a character or object looks from a variety of angles with a variety of poses and expressions, so that all artists working on the project can deliver consistent work. Sometimes, small statues known as maquettes may be produced, so that an animator can see what a character looks like in three dimensions. At the same time, the background stylists will do similar work for the settings and locations in the project, and the art directors and color stylists will determine the art style and color schemes to be used. While design is going on, the timing director (who in many cases will be the main director) takes the animatic and analyzes exactly what poses, drawings, and lip movements will be needed on what frames. An exposure sheet (or X-sheet for short) is created; this is a printed table that breaks down the action, dialogue, and sound frame-by-frame as a guide for the animators. If a film is based more strongly in music, a bar sheet may be prepared in addition to or instead of an X-sheet. Bar sheets show the relationship between the on-screen action, the dialogue, and the actual musical notation used in the score. Layout Layout begins after the designs are completed and approved by the director. The layout process is the same as the blocking out of shots by a cinematographer on a live-action film. It is here that the background layout artists determine the camera angles, camera paths, lighting, and shading of the scene. Character layout artists will determine the major poses for the characters in the scene, and will make a drawing to indicate each pose. For short films, character layouts are often the responsibility of the director. The layout drawings are spliced into the animatic, using the X-sheet as a guide. Once the animatic is made up of all layout drawings, it is called a Leica reel. The term originates from the Disney Studio in the 1930s, from the frame format used by Leica cameras. Animation Key drawings and corrected, inbetweened animation in NoeinOnce the Leica reel is finally approved by the director, animation begins. In the traditional animation process, animators will begin by drawing sequences of animation on sheets of paper perforated to fit the peg bars in their desks, often using colored pencils, one picture or "frame" at a time. A key animator or lead animator will draw the key drawings in a scene, using the character layouts as a guide. The key animator draws enough of the frames to get across the major points of the action; in a sequence of a character jumping across a gap, the key animator may draw a frame of the character as he is about to leap, two or more frames as the character is flying through the air, and the frame for the character landing on the other side of the gap. Timing is important for the animators drawing these frames; each frame must match exactly what is going on in the soundtrack at the moment the frame will appear, or else the discrepancy between sound and visual will be distracting to the audience. For example, in high-budget productions, extensive effort is given in making sure a speaking character's mouth matches in shape the sound that character's actor is producing as he or she speaks. (Try making "ah," "ooh" and "ee" sounds out loud, and note how your mouth will subconsciously form a different shape for each sound; good animators must pay attention to such seemingly trivial things). As they are working on a scene, a key animator will usually prepare a pencil test of the scene. A pencil test is a preliminary version of the final animated scene; the pencil drawings are quickly photographed or scanned and synced with the necessary soundtracks. This allows the animation to be reviewed and improved upon before passing the work on to his assistant animators, who will go add details and some of the missing frames in the scene. The work of the assistant animators is reviewed, pencil-tested, and corrected until the lead animator is ready to meet with the director and have his scene sweatboxed, or reviewed by the director, producer, and other key creative team members. Similar to the storyboarding stage, an animator may be required to re-do a scene many times before the director will approve it. In high-budget animated productions, often each major character will have an animator or group of animators solely dedicated to drawing that character. The group will be made up of one supervising animator, a small group of key animators, and a larger group of assistant animators. For scenes where two characters interact, the key animators for both characters will decide which character is "leading" the scene, and that character will be drawn first. The second character will be animated to react to and support the actions of the "leading" character. Once the key animation is approved, the lead animator forwards the scene on to the clean-up department, made up of the clean-up animators and the inbetweeners. The clean-up animators take the lead and assistant animators' drawings and trace them onto a new sheet of paper, taking care in including all of the details present on the original model sheets, so that it appears that one person animated the entire film. The inbetweeners will draw in whatever frames are still missing in between the other animators' drawings. This procedure is called tweening. The resulting drawings are again pencil-tested and sweatboxed until they meet approval. At each stage during pencil animation, approved artwork is spliced into the Leica reel. This process is the same for both character animation and special effects animation, which on most high-budget productions are done in separate departments. Effects animators animate anything that moves and is not a character, including props, vehicles, machinery and phenomena such as fire, rain, and explosions. Sometimes, instead of drawings, a number of special processes are used to produce special effects in animated films; rain, for example, has been created in Disney films since the late-1930s by filming slow-motion footage of water in front of a black background, with the resulting film superimposed over the animation. Backgrounds While the animation is being done, the background artists will paint the sets over which the action of each animated sequence will take place. These backgrounds are generally done in gouache or acrylic paint, although some animated productions have used backgrounds done in watercolor, oil paint, or even crayon. Background artists follow very closely the work of the background layout artists and color stylists (which is usually compiled into a workbook for their use), so that the resulting backgrounds are harmonious in tone with the character designs. Traditional ink-and-paint and camera Once the clean-ups and in between drawings for a sequence are completed, they are prepared for photography, a process known as ink-and-paint. Each drawing is then transferred from paper to a thin, clear sheet of plastic called a cel, so called because they were once made out of cellulose nitrate (cellulose acetate is now used). The outline of the drawing is inked or photocopied onto the cel, and gouache or a similar type of paint is used on the reverse sides of the cels to add colors in the appropriate shades. In many cases, characters will have more than one color scheme assigned to them; the usage of each one depends upon the mood and lighting of each scene. The transparent quality of the cel allows for each character or object in a frame to be animated on different cels, as the cel of one character can be seen underneath the cel of another; and the opaque background will be seen beneath all of the cels. A camera used for shooting traditional animation. See also Aerial image.When an entire sequence has been transferred to cels, the photography process begins. Each cel involved in a frame of a sequence is laid on top of each other, with the background at the bottom of the stack. A piece of glass is lowered onto the artwork in order to flatten any irregularities, and the composite image is then photographed by a special animation camera, also called rostrum camera. The cels are removed, and the process repeats for the next frame until each frame in the sequence has been photographed. Each cel has registration holes, small holes along the top or bottom edge of the cel, which allow the cel to be placed on corresponding peg bars before the camera to ensure that each cel aligns with the one before it; if the cells are not aligned in such a manner, the animation, when played at full speed, will appear "jittery." Sometimes, frames may need to be photographed more than once, in order to implement superimpositions and other camera effects. Pans are created by either moving the camera, cels, or backgrounds one step at a time over a succession of frames. As the scenes come out of final photography, they are spliced into the Leica reel, taking the place of the pencil animation. Once every sequence in the production has been photographed, the final film is sent for development and processing, while the final music and sound effects are added to the soundtrack. Again, editing is generally not done in animation, but if it is required it is done at this time, before the final print of the film is ready for duplication or broadcast. Digital ink and paint It should be noted that the actual "traditional" ink-and-paint process is no longer in use by any major animated productions at present. The current process, termed "digital ink and paint," is the same as traditional ink and paint until after the animation drawings are completed; instead of being transferred to cels, the animators' drawings are scanned into a computer, where they are colored and processed using one or more of a variety of software packages. The resulting drawings are composited in the computer over their respective backgrounds, which have also been scanned into the computer (if not digitally painted), and the computer outputs the final film by either exporting a digital video file, using a video cassette recorder, or printing to film using a high-resolution output device. Use of computers allows for easier exchange of artwork between departments, studios, and even countries and continents (in most low-budget animated productions, the bulk of the animation is actually done by animators working in other countries, including Korea, Japan, Singapore, and India). The last major feature film to use traditional ink and paint was Studio Ghibli's Princess Mononoke (1997); the last animated series to do so was Ed, Edd n Eddy. Minor productions such as Hair High (2004) by Bill Plympton have used traditional cels long after the introduction of digital techniques. Digital ink and paint has been in use at Walt Disney Feature Animation since 1989, where it was used for the final rainbow shot in The Little Mermaid. All subsequent Disney animated features were digitally inked-and-painted, using Disney's proprietary CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) technology, developed primarily by one-time partner Pixar (the last Disney feature using CAPS was Home on the Range). Most other studios use one of a number of other high-end software packages such as Toonz or Toon Boom Studio, Animo, US Animation and even consumer-level applications such as Macromedia Flash. Computers and video cameras Computers and video cameras in traditional cel animation can also be used as tools without affecting the film directly, assisting the animators in their work and making the whole process faster and easier. Doing the layouts on a computer is much more effective than doing it the old original way. And video cameras gives the opportunity to see a "sneak preview" of the scenes and how they will look when finished, enabling the animators to correct and improve them without having to complete them first. This can be considered a digital form of pencil testing. Techniques The cel & limited animation This image shows how two transparent cels, each with a different character drawn on them, and an opaque background are photographed together to form the composite image.The cel is an important innovation to traditional animation, as it allows some parts of each frame to be repeated from frame to frame, thus saving labor. A simple example would be a scene with two characters on screen, one of which is talking and the other standing silently. Since the latter character is not moving, it can be displayed in this scene using only one drawing, on one cel, while multiple drawings on multiple cels will be used to animate the speaking character. For a more complex example, consider, a sequence in which a girl sets a plate upon a table. The table will stay still for the entire sequence, so it can be drawn as part of the background. The plate can be drawn along with the character as the character places it on the table. However, after the plate is on the table, the plate will no longer move, although the girl will continue to move as she draws her arm away from the plate. In this example, after the girl puts the plate down, the plate can then be drawn on a separate cel from the girl. Further frames will feature new cels of the girl, but the plate does not have to be redrawn as it is not moving; the same cel of the plate can be used in each remaining frame that it is still upon the table. The cel paints were actually manufactured in shaded versions of each color to compensate for the extra layer of cel added between the image and the camera, in this example the still plate would be painted slightly brighter to compensate for being moved one layer down. In very early cartoons made before the use of the cel, such as Gertie the Dinosaur (1914), the entire frame, including the background and all characters and items, were drawn on a single sheet of paper, then photographed. Everything had to be redrawn for each frame containing movements. This led to a "jittery" appearance; imagine seeing a sequence of drawings of a mountain, each one slightly different from the one proceeding it. The pre-cel animation was later improved by using techniques like the slash method invented by Raoul Barre; the background and the animated objects were drawn on separate papers. A frame was made by removing all the blank parts of the papers where the objects were drawn before being placed on top of the backgrounds and finally photographed. The cel animation process was invented by Earl Hurd and John Bray in 1915. In lower-budget productions, this "shortcut" is used in a greater capacity. For example, in a scene in which a man is sitting in a chair and talking, the chair and the body of the man may be the same in every frame; only his head is redrawn, or perhaps even his head stays the same while only his mouth moves. This is known as limited animation. The process was popularized in theatrical cartoons by UPA and used in most television animation, especially that of Hanna-Barbera. The end result does not look very lifelike, but is inexpensive to produce, and therefore allows cartoons to be made on small television budgets. Animation loops A horse animated by rotoscoping from Edweard Muybridge's 19th century photos. The animation consists of 8 drawings, which are "looped", i.e. repeated over and over.Creating animation loops or animation cycles is a labor-saving technique for animating repetitive motions, such as a character walking or a breeze blowing through the trees. In the case of walking, the character is animated taking a step with their right foot, then a step with their left foot. The loop is created so that, when the sequence repeats, the motion is seamless. However, since an animation loop essentially uses the same bit of animation over and over again, they are easily detected and can in fact become distracting to an audience. In general, they are used only sparingly by productions with moderate or high budgets. Ryan Larkin's 1969 Academy Award nominated National Film Board of Canada short Walking makes creative use of loops. In addition, a promotional music video featuring the Soul Coughing song "Circles" poked fun at animation loops as they are often seen in The Flintstones, in which Fred and Barney, supposedly walking in a house, wonder why they keep passing the same table and vase over and over again. [edit] Multiplane camera Main article: Multiplane camera The multiplane camera is a tool used to add depth to scenes in 2D animated movies, called the multiplane effect. This visual phenomena is also called the parallax process. The art are placed on different layers of glass plates; in this way, realistic backgrounds and foregrounds can be made. The panorama views in Pinocchio are a well known example on how impressive it can appear. Different versions of the camera have been made through time, but the most famous is the one used by the Walt Disney Studio. Another one, called a tabletop, was made by Fleischer Studios. Miniature sets made of paper cutouts were placed in front of the camera, and the cels between them, creating visually realistic scenes. Others who made their own multiplane camera include Ub Iwerks and Don Bluth. Hand inking Originally the cels were inked by hand by first laying them over the artists drawings, and then the inkers traced the outlines of the artwork onto the cels, using different colors. With the invention of xerography (below), hand inking was no longer needed, and this was reflected by the animation's visual style. Xerography Applied to animation by Ub Iwerks, the electrostatic copying technique called xerography allowed the drawings to be copied directly onto the cels, leaving only the coloring to the inkers. This saved time and money, and it also made it possible to put in more details and to control the size of the xeroxed objects and characters (this replaced the little known, and seldom used, photographic lines technique at Disney, used to reduce the size of animation when needed). At first it resulted in a more sketchy look, but the method was improved later. Instead of using black lines only, cels with lines in different colors were also possible, using colored toner powder. The xerographic method was first used by Disney in the short film Goliath II, while the first feature using this process was One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961). The graphic style of this film was strongly influenced by the process. Some hand inking was still used together with xerography in this and subsequent films when distinct colored lines were needed. Later, colored toners became available, and several distinct line colors could be used, even simultaneously. For instance, in The Rescuers the characters outlines are gray. White and blue toners were used for special effects, such as snow and water. The APT process Main article: APT process Invented by David W. Spencer (aka Dave Spencer) for the movie The Black Cauldron, the APT (Animation Photo Transfer) process was a new breakthrough in how to transfer the animators' art onto cels. Compared to Xerography, it looked visually better. Basically, the process was a modification of a repro-photographic process; the artists' work were photographed on high-contrast "litho" film, and the image on the resulting negative was then transferred to a cel covered with a layer of light sensitive dye by making a "sandwich" of the negative and the cel and expose the negative to light. The layer of dye was sandwiched between the other two elements and exposed to the light through the transparent areas of the negative. Because it was actually divided into thinner layers of dye, each in a different color and sensitive to a specific wavelength of light, it was exposed to the relevant wavelengths one at the time. The light caused it to harden and fuse to the surface of the cel, and chemicals were then used to remove the unexposed portion, leaving the drawings in a variety of colors (photo emulsion). Small and delicate details were still inked by hand if needed. Spencer received a Technical award from the Motion Picture Academy for developing this process. Cel overlay A cel with inanimate objects made to make the impression of a foreground when laid on top of a ready frame. This creates the illusion of depth, but not as much as a multiplane camera would. A special version of cel overlay is called line overlay, made to complete the background instead of making the foreground, and was invented to deal with the sketchy appearance of xeroxed drawings. The background was first painted as shapes and figures in flat colors, containing rather few details. Next a cel with detailed black lines was laid directly over it, each line drawn to add more information to the underlaying shape or figure, giving the background the complexity it needed. In this way the visual style of the background will match the visual style of the xeroxed parts of the animation. As the xerographic process evolved, line overlay was left behind. Computers and traditional animation Though the process described above is the traditional animation process, painted cels are rare as the computer moves into the animation studio, and the outline drawings are as mentioned in most cases scanned into the computer and filled with digital paint instead of transferred to cels and then colored by hand. The drawings are composited in a computer program on many transparent "layers" much the same way as they are with cels, and made into a sequence of images which may then be transferred onto film or converted to a digital video format. It has even become possible for animators to draw directly into a computer using a graphics tablet or a similar device, where the outline drawings are done in a similar manner as they would be on paper. The development of such paperless 2D animation, or "tablet animation", is likely to replace the traditional pencil and paper not too far into the future, as mentioned in this article, just as cels and traditional paint was replaced when digital ink and paint was fully introduced in the 90's. Some of the advantages are the possibility and potential of controlling the size of the drawings while working on them, drawing directly on a multiplane background and eliminating the need of photographing line tests and scanning. Though traditional animation is now commonly done with computers, it is important to differentiate computer-assisted traditional animation from 3D computer animation, such as Toy Story and ReBoot. However, often traditional animation and 3D computer animation will be used together, as in Don Bluth's Titan A.E. and Disney's Tarzan and Treasure Planet. DreamWorks executive Jeffrey Katzenberg coined the term "tradigital animation" to describe films produced by his studio which incorporated elements of traditional and computer animation equally, such as Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron and Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas. Interestingly, many modern video games such as Viewtiful Joe, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker and others use "cel-shading" animation filters to make their full 3D animation appear as though it were drawn in a traditional cel style. This technique has recently also been used in the animated movie Appleseed, and was integrated with cel animation in the FOX animated series Futurama. Rotoscoping Rotoscoping is a method of traditional animation invented by Max Fleischer in 1915, in which animation is "traced" over actual film footage of actors and scenery. Traditionally, the live action will be printed out frame by frame and registered. Another piece of paper is then placed over the live action printouts and the action is traced frame by frame using a lightbox. The end result still looks hand drawn but the motion will be remarkably lifelike. Waking Life is a full-length, rotoscoped animated movie, as is American Pop by Ralph Bakshi. The popular music video for A-ha's song "Take On Me" also featured rotoscoped animation, along with live action. In most cases, rotoscoping is mainly used as a guide to aid the animation of realistically rendered human beings, as in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Sleeping Beauty, Pocahontas, and Anastasia. A method that is related to conventional rotoscoping was later invented. If the movie was supposed to contain inanimate objects like a car or a boat, a small live action model of the object(s) was built and painted white, while the edges of the model were painted with thin black lines. In the next stage the object was filmed like it was supposed to move in the animated scene, either by moving the model or filming it while the camera was sweeping over or around it, or using a combination of both. The film frames were then printed on paper, showing a model made up of the painted black lines. After the artists had added details to the object not present in the live action version of the model, it was xeroxed onto cels. (A notable example is Cruella's car in One Hundred and One Dalmatians.) The process of transferring 3D objects to cels was greatly improved when computer graphics advanced enough to allow the creation of three dimensional computer generated objects (wire frame models) that could be manipulated in any way the animators wanted, and then print the outlines on paper before being copied onto cels using Xerography or the APT process. Even if the use of cels has been left by the majority of animators, computer animated objects in traditional animation has come to stay. Related to rotoscoping are the methods of vectorizing live-action footage, in order to achieve a very graphical look, like in Richard Linklater's film A Scanner Darkly; and motion-capturing actor's movements to use the data in 3D-animation, like in Robert Zemeckis's "Polar Express". Live-action hybrids Similar to the computer animation and traditional animation hybrids described above, occasionally a production will marry both live-action and animated footage. The live-action parts of these productions are usually filmed first, the actors pretending that they are interacting with the animated characters, props, or scenery; animation will then be added into the footage later to make it appear as if it has always been there. Like rotoscoping, this method is rarely used, but when it is, it can be done to terrific effect, immersing the audience in a fantasy world where humans and cartoons co-exist. Early examples include the silent Out of the Inkwell (begun in 1919) cartoons by Max Fleischer and Walt Disney's Alice Comedies (begun in 1923). Live-action and animation were later combined to successful effect in features such as The Three Caballeros (1945), Anchors Aweigh (1945), Song of the South (1946), Mary Poppins (1964), Heavy Traffic (1973), Pete's Dragon (1977), Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), The Pagemaster (1994) and Space Jam (1996). Other significant live-action hybrids include the music video for Paula Abdul's hit song "Opposites Attract" and numerous television commercials, including those for cereals such as Honey Nut Cheerios, Trix, and Rice Krispies. Special effects animation See also: Special effect#Special effects animation Besides traditional animated characters, objects and backgrounds, many other techniques are used to create special elements such as smoke, lightning and "magic", and to give the animation in general a distinct visual appearance. Notable examples can be found in movies such as Fantasia, The Little Mermaid and The Secret of NIMH. Today the special effects are mostly done with computers, but earlier they had to be done by hand. To produce these effects, the animators used different techniques, such as drybrush, airbrush, charcoal, grease pencil, backlit animation or, during shooting, the cameraman used multiple exposures with diffusing screens, filters or gels. For instance, the Nutcracker Suite segment in Fantasia has a fairy sequence where stippled cels are used, creating a soft pastel look. fuente: wikipedia:
1 Jul 2010
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This video of a street dancer was captured by a member of Manga Pulp outside Shinjuku station in Tokyo. The dancer incorporated a 'Pinocchio like' story of a controlled puppet who desired to become human.. no strings attached!
15 Mar 2009
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9:22
*******www.kinofilmegucken.de Die literarische Vorlage für die Serie waren das 1963 entstandene Kinderbuch Vicke Viking und seine Nachfolgebände, verfasst vom schwedischen Schriftsteller Runer Jonsson, der dafür 1965 den Deutschen Jugendbuchpreis erhielt. Als Initiator der Fernsehserie gilt Josef Göhlen, der damalige Leiter des Kinder- und Jugendprogramms des ZDF. Sein ursprüngliches Projekt, Wickie als 13-teilige Puppenspielserie zu realisieren, wurde nie fertiggestellt. Um die Kosten für eine Zeichentrickserie möglichst gering zu halten, ging das ZDF zusammen mit dem österreichischen ORF seine erste internationale Kooperation ein und beauftragte das japanische Zeichentrickstudio Zuiyo Enterprise Company (später umbenannt in Nippon Animation) mit einer Umsetzung der literarischen Originalfassung. Das Studio produzierte von 1972 bis 1974 eine Anime-Serie mit 78 Folgen à 23 Minuten sowie einen 85-minütigen gleichnamigen Spielfilm. Regie führten Chikao Katsui (Episoden 1–26), Hiroshi Saitō (Episoden 27–52; auch Regisseur der Trickserien Biene Maja und Pinocchio) und Kōzō Kusuba (ab Episode 53), das Figurendesign stammte von Shūichi Seki. Synchronisation [Bearbeiten] Verantwortlich für die deutsche Synchronisation der Folgen war Eberhard Storeck, der selbst auch die Figur Snorre sprach.
11 Sep 2009
224
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2:31
Shrek 2 2004 PG 93 min Mike Myers ... Shrek (voice) Eddie Murphy ... Donkey (voice) Cameron Diaz ... Princess Fiona (voice) Julie Andrews ... Queen (voice) Antonio Banderas ... Puss In Boots (voice) John Cleese ... King (voice) Rupert Everett ... Prince Charming (voice) Jennifer Saunders ... Fairy Godmother (voice) Aron Warner ... Wolf (voice) Kelly Asbury ... Page / Elf / Nobleman / Nobleman's Son (voice) Cody Cameron ... Pinocchio / Three Pigs (voice) Conrad Vernon ... Gingerbread Man / Cedric / Announcer / Muffin Man Mongo (voice) Christopher Knights ... Blind Mouse (voice) David P. Smith ... Herald / Man with Box (voice) Mark Moseley ... Mirror / Dresser (voice)
16 Nov 2009
2135
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2:03
This February, Big Idea, Inc. presents an all-new family adventure featuring a helpful lesson in listening to your parents with VeggieTales®: Pistachio – The Little Boy That Woodn’t. In this creative parody of the beloved story of Pinocchio, VeggieTales follows its unique tradition of retelling classic adventures like Lord of the Beans, Wizard of Ha’s and Minnesota Cuke! The DVD includes the brand new Silly Song, “Where Have All The Staplers Gone,” and lots of family friendly bonus features. Pistachio comes to DVD in stores February 27 and March 2, 2010 in Christian and general market stores respectively. Once upon a time in the small town of Bologna-Salami, there lived a lonely toymaker named Gelato and his assistant Cricket. Gelato had no children of his own, so one day he decided to carve a little boy out of wood. Imagine Gelato’s surprise when he learned this little boy could walk…and talk…and definitely had a mind of his own! When Pistachio tries to do things his way, he lands in a “whale” of a situation! Will he decide to listen to the wisdom of a loving father in time to save his whole family from becoming fish food? Find out in this all-new adventure with a lesson about the importance of family and learning to listen.
20 Mar 2010
2111
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3:29
This February, Big Idea, Inc. presents an all-new family adventure featuring a helpful lesson in listening to your parents with VeggieTales®: Pistachio – The Little Boy That Woodn’t. In this creative parody of the beloved story of Pinocchio, VeggieTales follows its unique tradition of retelling classic adventures like Lord of the Beans, Wizard of Ha’s and Minnesota Cuke! The DVD includes the brand new Silly Song, “Where Have All The Staplers Gone,” and lots of family friendly bonus features. Pistachio comes to DVD in stores February 27 and March 2, 2010 in Christian and general market stores respectively. Once upon a time in the small town of Bologna-Salami, there lived a lonely toymaker named Gelato and his assistant Cricket. Gelato had no children of his own, so one day he decided to carve a little boy out of wood. Imagine Gelato’s surprise when he learned this little boy could walk…and talk…and definitely had a mind of his own! When Pistachio tries to do things his way, he lands in a “whale” of a situation! Will he decide to listen to the wisdom of a loving father in time to save his whole family from becoming fish food? Find out in this all-new adventure with a lesson about the importance of family and learning to listen.
5 Mar 2010
3053
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2:57
Jiminy Cricket was Pinocchio’s official conscience to tell him right from wrong, for if Pinocchio proves himself brave, truthful and unselfish, he will be transformed into a real boy. Jiminy Cricket was Pinocchio’s external conscience until Pinocchio developed his own conscience. He became a real boy! I am using the Devotion to the Welfare of Humankind (DWH) Principle as an external absolute conscience until I can grow an absolute conscience of my own, and become a real man. Among other things, a real man is brave, truthful and unselfish. A real true man is a man of true love, and is qualified for marriage and family.
5 Jul 2010
124
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1:47
Compare $35-hr Face Painters to Other Vancouver Face Painting Artists - Real People Testimonials Reviews BC LIONS BOBBY SINGH DIDN'T PICK GOSSAMER DESIGNS, OR COMPANY OF FAIRIES, OR RAINBOW FACEPAINTERS, OR MELANIE DAWN OR A STAR ART PARLOUR'S FACE PAINTERS OR A-STAR ART PARLOR'S BALLOON ARTISTS FOR HIS SUMMER FOOTBALL CAMP TAGS & KEYWORDS: Converse Chuck Taylor All Star face painting at Body Art Parlor Henna Artists for Events Queens Chilliwack Mobile Spa is Vancouver's most sought after provider for little girl and teen birthday parties Bruins hockey games Leather Hi Shoes White Hockey Fans: Rate these $35-hour Face Painters vs Pinocchio Wishes Upon a Star - Gallery Wrapped A-Star Art Parlour A-Star Art Parlour rates prices face painters who love ART Female Artists ... As A-Star Art Parlour such, here's BC Lions, Vancouver Canucks, Vancouver Whitecaps, Vancouver Giants, & Chilliwack Bruins willy's “She's A Star” one year late which I'm posting Tags: BC LIONS, A STAR ART PARLOR, A STAR ART PARLOUR, ASTAR, ART, PARLOR, PARLOUR, VANCOUVER, CANUCKS, SPORTS, CAMPS, GOSSAMER DESIGNS, COMPANY OF FAIRIES, RAINBOW FACEPAINTERS, MELANIE DAWN
29 Apr 2011
546
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3:36
I can't figure out the character at the beginning of this trailer. He's like a giant Shakespearean pinocchio frog man with a bee-hive haircut.
3 Jun 2011
308
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3:36
E' questa la vita che sognavo da bamabino,è questa la vita che sognavo da bambino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,un po' di apocalisse e un po' di topolino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,è questa la vita che sognavo da bambino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,un po' di hello kitty e un po' di tarantino Hai le costole e in mezzo alle costole che cosa c'è Hai le vene e dentro alle vene che cosa c'è Hai le vertebre e dentro alle vertebre che cosa c'è Hai i polmoni e dentro ai polmoni che c'è Megamegamix Megamix la x e la y la y e la x Megamegamix Megamix la x e la y la y e la x Datemi una notte inventerò una lampadina Datemi una stella e io mi stendo sulla schiena Dammi un foglio bianco e ne faccio un pezzo nuovo Datemi un maestro e diventerò un allievo Datemi un martello apparirà di certo un chiodo Datemi un motivo e io troverò un modo Datemi un pennello e prima o poi nascerà un quadro Datemi una serratura apparirà un ladro Toglio l'equilibrio e cercherò di equilibrarmi Cambiami lo spazio e troverò come adattarmi Datemi la sete andrò a cercare una sorgente Datemi una curva partirò per la tangente Dammi gli elementi e ci ricavo una sequenza Trasformiamo in un bel posto questa stanza Trasformiamo in un bel posto questa stanza Trasformiamo in un bel posto questa stanza Hai le costole e in mezzo alle costole che cosa c'è Hai le vene e dentro alle vene che cosa c'è Hai le vertebre e dentro alle vertebre che cosa c'è Hai i polmoni e dentro ai polmoni che c'è Hai le nuvole sotto alle nuvole che cosa c'è Hai le scatole e dentro alle scatole che cosa c'è Hai le regole e oltre alle regole che cosa c'è Hai dei limiti e oltre ai miei limiti che cosa c'è Che quello che sta sopra è uguale a quello che è sotto E' diventato un cigno l'anatroccolo brutto Megamegamix Megamix la x e la y la y e la x Megamegamix Megamix la x e la y la y e la x Mi hai fatto uscir di senno adesso sono sano Vedo tutte le cose così come sono Mi hai fatto uscir di senno adesso sono sano Vedo tutte le cose così come sono Alzati pinocchio ti han rubato tutto quanto Ora si che l'avventura inizia ad esser grande Alzati mosè rimetti i sandali ai tuoi piedi Scendi giù ed anticipa e poi fatti le domande Venga capitano c'è qualcosa all'orizzonte Potrebbe essere terra ma non c'è qui sulle carte Forse ci sarà brava gente che sa stare al mondo Senza qualche copla da espiare E' questa la vita che sognavo da bamabino,è questa la vita che sognavo da bambino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,un po' di apocalisse e un po' di topolino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,è questa la vita che sognavo da bambino E' questa la vita che sognavo da bambino,un po' di hello kitty e un po' di tarantino
2 Feb 2012
224
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1:02
*******trioeletrico.info show pass,paul mccartney show,proximo show,restart show,rio show,roberto carlos show,rush show,scorpions show,shakira show brasil,show aerosmith,show aerosmith, show aerosmith brasil,show aerosmith sp,show alexandre pires,show amy,show amy winehouse,show ana carolina,show belo,show ben harper,show bon jovi,show chris brown,show credicard hall,show curitiba,show da virada,show david guetta,show demi lovato,show diogo nogueira,show do aerosmith,show do belo,show do ozzy,show do paramore,show do revelação,show do roxette,show do scorpions,show em bh,show em curitiba,show eminem,show eminem brasil,show exsamba,show exsamba, show exsamba rj,show green day,show guaruja,show isa tkm,show isabella taviani,show ivete sangalo,show jorge vercilo,show lady gaga,show lionel richie,show lulu santos,show maria gadú,show nando reis,show no rj,show ozzy osbourne,show paramore,show paramore, show paramore brasil,show pass mastercard,show patati patata,show paul mac,show paul macarteney,show paul maccartney,show paul mccartney,show paula fernandes,show porto alegre,show roberto carlos,show roxette,show roxette brasil,show rush,show scorpions,show shakira, show shakira brasil,show shakira morumbi,show shakira sp,show u, show u sp,show zeca pagodinho academia produtor musical,agencia produtora,arranjos musicais,artistas musicais brasileiros,como se tornar produtor musical,como se tornar um produtor musical,como ser produtor musical,como ser um bom produtor musical,como ser um produtor musical,contrato produtor musical,curso para produtor musical,curso produtor musical,curso produção musical,curso produção musical rj,curso produção musical sp,cursos produção musical,dennis zasnicoff,emprego produtor musical,empresario musical,estudar música,estudio som livre,estúdio gravação,estúdio musical,faculdade produtor musical,faculdade produção musical,gravadora,gravadora musical,home studio,liminha produtor musical,miranda produtor musical,o que faz um produtor musical,pinocchio produtor musical,pinoquio produtor musical,prateado produtor musical,procura-se produtor musical,procuro produtor musical,produtor executivo musical,produtor musica,produtor musical brasileiro,produtor musical curitiba,produtor musical curso,produtor musical gospel,produtor musical miranda,produtor musical rick bonadio,produtor musical rio de janeiro,produtor musical rj,produtor musical salario,produtor musical sertanejo,produtor musical sp,produtora,produtora d,produtora audiovisual,produtora cultural,produtora filmes,produtora musical,produtora musical porto alegre,produtora musical rio de janeiro,produtora musical sp,produtora sp,produtora video,produtoras culturais,produtoras em são paulo,produtoras musicais,produtoras rio de janeiro,produtoras rj,produtoras sp,produtoras são paulo,produtores musicais,produtores musicais brasileiros,produtores musicais sp,produtores musical,produção,produção audiovisual,produção musica,produção musical,produção musical anhembi morumbi,produção musical curso,produção musical eletronica,produção musical faculdade,produção musical rio de janeiro
7 Jun 2012
338
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4:54
Kinect Disneyland Adventures review. Classic Game Room presents a CGRundertow review of Kinect Disneyland Adventures from Frontier Developments, Disney Interactive Studios and Microsoft for the Xbox 360. Kinect Disneyland Adventures is, above all else, appropriately titled. This game is a massive interactive recreation of Disneyland, and in it, you have adventures. Rides are exactly where they should be. You hear the same music you do walking around the park. Even the slightest details were added, and the results are fantastic. You're a child visiting Disneyland, and as you meet Disney characters, you end up taking odd jobs and helping them with certain tasks. Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, Pinocchio, Captain Hook, they're all there. The park feels real, and Kinect helps bring it to life. This video review features video gameplay footage of Kinect Disneyland Adventures for the Xbox 360 and audio commentary from Classic Game Room's Derek.
23 Oct 2012
676
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3:43
Visit *******www.InsideTheMagic**** for more from the Disney Fantasy! Disney's newest musical stage show called Wishes debuted on the Disney Fantasy cruise ship, following a trio of graduating high school students on a magical ride through Disney animated films. This video offers highlights from many of the show's new scenes, including The Lion King, Jungle Book, Hercules, Mulan, Tangled, The Little Mermaid, Lilo and Stitch, and a modern dubstep twist on Pinocchio. Filmed with permission from Disney.
31 May 2013
239
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