Causes of Swollen Lymph Nodes
The other day I discovered a small bump on my neck. This bump turned out to be nothing serious—but sometimes it could be a sign of a greater problem. When lymph nodes swell in a particular location like the neck, it could indicate a minor infection like a common cold, or something more serious such as an injury, inflammation, or even cancer. The following are potential causes of swollen lymph nodes in the neck:
Viruses: Including herpes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a common cold, adenovirus measles, chickenpox, and infectious mononucleosis (mono).
Bacteria: Including staphylococcus, streptococcus, cat scratch disease, syphilis, chlamydia, tuberculosis, and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Fungal diseases: Including histoplasmosis and coccidiomycosis.
Parasites: Parasites linked with swollen lymph nodes include leishmaniasis and toxoplasmosis.
Inflammatory causes: Inflammatory causes of swollen lymph nodes include lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and sensitivity to certain medications.
Cancer: Cancers linked with swollen lymph nodes include lung cancer, lymphomas and leukemia.
Other causes of swollen lymph nodes in the neck include transplant graft rejections, sarcoidosis, and genetic lipid storage diseases.
Less often, swollen glands may be the result of:
rubella – a viral infection that causes a red-pink skin rash made up of small spots
measles – a highly infectious viral illness that causes distinctive red or brown spots on the skin
cytomegalovirus (CMV) – a common virus spread through bodily fluids, such as saliva and urine
tuberculosis (TB) – a bacterial infection spread that causes a persistent cough
syphilis – a bacterial infection usually caught by having sex with someone who is infected
Prostatitis can be caused by bacteria that leak into the prostate gland from the urinary tract (the most common bacterial cause) and from direct extension or lymphatic spread from the rectum. It can also result from various sexually transmitted organisms such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or HIV. Other organisms responsible for infection are the same found most frequently in urinary tract infections, such as Escherichia coli. In many instances (especially in the chronic form of prostatitis), no specific cause of prostatitis can be found.
The cause of prostate infection isn’t always clear. For chronic prostatitis, the exact cause is unknown. Researchers believe:
a microorganism can cause chronic prostatitis
your immune system is responding to a previous UTI
your immune system is reacting to nerve damage in the area
For acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, bacterial infections are the cause. Sometimes, bacteria can get into the prostate through the urethra.
You are at increased risk of prostate infection if you use a catheter or have a medical procedure involving the urethra. Other risk factors include:
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
enlarged prostate or injury, which can encourage infection
Jeanne Marrazzo, MD, MPH, Infectious Disease, STD/HIV Prevention Epidemiology explains what a sexually transmitted disease is & what women need to know about them. Share your health story at www.EmpowHer****. Post this free video to help others.
U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention statistics on sexually transmitted disease among African Americans.
Phil Johnson, M.D. discusses how having a sexually transmitted disease (STD) other than HIV (such as herpes, syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia) can increase the risk of contracting or transmitting HIV. Preventing and treating other STDs is therefore an important step for preventing the transmission of HIV.
Chlamydia. HPV. Herpes. Gonorrhea. They’re not easy topics to bring up with your teen, but sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates are rising among adolescents. Nearly half of all new STD cases are in young people between the ages of 15 and 24, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Parents can help slow the rise in STD rates by talking to teens about STDs, STD prevention and the importance of STD testing — but first they need to have the facts. BeSmartBeWell**** prepares parents to talk to their kids about STDs by offering a variety of expert interviews, life story videos and resources. Watch the video What Can I Do About It?
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Can you get the more common STDs from Oral Sex - Not just AIDS?
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Pregnancy Resources Of Abilene
Any woman who is willing to risk getting lung cancer will definitely risk getting an STD! Adam Carolla advises that you pick up smokers!
Dr. Goode holds her own therapy session with a puppet. What good can come of this? On Head Case, Friday April 17 at 10pm E/P on Starz. *******starz****/hc
Malti Varshney warns of the potential dangers of STIs and what to do if you have one.
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Police in Daytona Beach, Florida are combating prostitution by sending offenders a letter home.
It is never easy to talk with your kids about sex. But each year, there are approximately 19 million new STD infections, and almost half of them are among young people ages 15 to 24. In 2009, 46% of high school students reported having sexual intercourse and 14% already had four or more sex partners. These statistics show how critically important it is to have this conversation with your kids. To help parents with this conversation, Community Health Charities invited Chris Collins, Vice President and Director of Public Policy at amfAR, to talk about these current trends and share information and resources that may help you talk with your kids.
BY LIZ REED
You're watching multisource health news analysis from Newsy
Dentists and doctors are warning -- think twice before gettin’ down. A new study suggests oral sex is the leading cause of oral cancer in non-smoking men in the U.S..
But how does sex lead to cancer? It’s a nasty sexually transmitted virus called HPV. Right now, about 20 million Americans have HPV, but because many never see symptoms, many don’t know they have it.
KDSK breaks it down:
Repoter: “When an HPV infection doesn't clear, or you're exposed multiple times by multiple partners, some people will go on to develop genital warts, or even cancer.
Doctor: "The more times you are exposed, the greater the chance that you may develop cancer, just from a probability statement."
KOIN identifies teen sexual attitudes as the source of the rapid spread. One dentist tells them if society doesn’t change, we’ll be dealing with a pandemic.
Reporter: “Many teenagers who engage in oral sex don’t consider it to be real sex and view it as more casual. Dr. Oh says if that doesn’t change it might lead to a HPV epidemic and more cases of oral cancer.”
Dentist: “80% of the population will eventually have HPV which is very scary to think about.”
Dentist News Network reveals the biggest threat facing oral cancer patients are the dentists. Those who only perform selective cancer screenings based on common risk factors like age and genetics don’t realize the HPV threat.
“Unfortunately, pre-screening still occurs in many dental offices because professionals are unaware of the new risk factor, HPV. And although it was reasonable in the past to pre-screen based on common risk factors, HPV now debunks this concept since HPV causes cancer in individuals that do not have the traditional risk factors. Everyone is at risk.”
But if HPV vaccines have been approved since 2006, why wasn’t there a bigger push to get teens vaccinated? A contributor for AOL scrutinizes the manufactures’ one-sided view of the issue:
“The massive push to vaccinate girls and women between the ages of 11 and 26 against HPV should have included boys and men from the beginning... But at the time [the vaccine] was licensed, there wasn't such an awareness about head or oral cancers or a willingness to accept that males played a part in the transmission of the virus.”
According to the Center for Disease Control, only half of people who've been diagnosed with oral cancer will live longer than five years. (Source: Times of India)
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Transcript by Newsy.