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3:51
UK Muslims have been celebrating the centenary of the presence in Britain of philosopher and poet, Dr.Muhammad Iqbal; he was one of the founders of Pakistan, and taught the spirit of tolerance and understanding throughout his whole life.
18 Jun 2008
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0:56
According to NASA, the Mars Phoenix Lander has apparently found ice on the surface of the red planet. The presence of water on Mars is crucial because it is a key to the question of whether life exists, or has ever existed, on Mars News From REUTERS.
25 Jun 2008
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1:26
This was shot while on a trip from Ventura, California, to Upstate New York. It was so refreshing to see mountains with trees, beautiful lakes, and real seasons. The Adirondacks are a "must see" for anyone that loves being in the presence of mother nature's perfection!
15 Jul 2008
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3:31
THOSE WHO ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BEG 33.He who begs the property of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals, so let him ask little as much. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 34.It is better for one of you to take a rope, bring a load of firewood on his back, and sell it, Allah thereby preserving his self respect, than that he should beg from people whether they give him anything or refuse him. (Bukhari). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 35.If anyone guarantees me that he will not beg from people, I will guarantee him paradise. (Abu Dawud, Nasa'i). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). SPENDING 36.If you spend (to help others), O son of Adam! I [Allah] shall spend on you. (Bukhari, Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 37.It is better for a man to give a dirham as Sadqa during his lifetime than to give a hundred at the time of his death. (Abu Dawud). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 38.Do not consider any act of kindness insignificant, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 39.Sadqa given to a poor man is just Sadqa, but when given to a relative it serves a double purpose, being both Sadqa and a connecting link. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah, Darimi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). HOARDING 40.If anyone keeps goods till the price rises, he is a sinner. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 41.He who brings goods for sale is blessed with good fortune, but he who keeps them till the price rises is accursed. (Ibn Majah, Darimi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 42.If anyone withholds grain for forty days thereby desiring a high price, has renounced Allah and Allah has renounced him. (Razin). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 43.The man who withholds goods is evil. If Allah lowers prices he is grieved, and if He raises then he is happy. (Baihaqi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). INSOLVENCY AND RESPITE 44.He who grants a respite to one who is in straightened circumstances or who remits his debt, will be saved by Allah from the anxieties of the Day of Resurrection. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 45.If anyone accepts others belongings meaning to pay back, Allah will pay back for him, but if anyone accepts them meaning to squander them, Allah will on that account destroy his property. (Bukhari). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 46.Every fault but a debt will be forgiven to a martyr. (Bukhari). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 47.A believer's soul is attached to his debt till it is paid. (Shafi'i, Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Darimi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). USURY 48.Gold is to be paid by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates and salt by salt, like for like, payment being made on the spot. If anyone gives more or asks for more, he has dealt in usury. The receiver and the giver are equally guilty. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 49.A time is coming to mankind when only the receiver of usury will remain and if he does not receive it, some of its vapour will reach him. (Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nasai, Ibn Majah). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 50.A dirham which a man knowingly receives in usury is more serious (a crime) than thirty-six acts of fornication. (Ahmad, Daraqutni). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 51.When a man makes a loan to another, he must not accept a present. (Bukhari). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 52.Even though usury be much it leads in the end to penury. (Ibn Majah, Baihaqi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). MARRIAGE 53.Young men, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for it keeps you from looking at strange women and preserves you from immorality, but those who cannot, should devote themselves to fasting, for it is a means of suppressing sexual desire. (Bukhari, Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 54.The whole world is to be enjoyed, but the best thing in the world is a pious woman. (Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 55.When a man marries, he has fulfilled half of the religion, so let him fear Go regarding the remaining half. (Bukhari). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 56.After fear of Allah, a believer gains nothing better for him than a good wife who obeys him if he gives her a command, pleases him if he looks at her, is true to him if he adjures her to do something, and is sincere towards him regarding her person and his property if he is absent. (Ibn Majah.) (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). RIGHTS OF WIVES 57.When a woman observes the five time of prayers, fasts during Ramadan, preserves her chastity, and obeys her husband, she may enter by any of the gates of paradise she wishes. (Abu Nu'aim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 58.A believer must not hate his wife, and if he is displeased with one bad quality in her, then let him be pleased with one that is good in her. (Muslim). (Ideal Woman in Islam by. Imran Muhammad). 59.Among the believers who show most perfect faith are those who have best disposition and are kindest to their families. (Tirmidhi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). DIVORCE 60.If any woman asks her husband for divorce without some strong reason, the odour of paradise will be forbidden for her. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Darimi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 61.The lawful thing Allah hates most is divorce. (Abu Dawud). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 62.Allah has created nothing on the face of the earth more dearer to Him than emancipation, and Allah has created nothing on the face of the earth more hateful to Him than divorce. (Daraqutni). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). THE OFFICES OF RULER AND QADI (QAZI) 63.The one who will be dearest to Allah and nearest to Him in the station on the Day of Resurrection will be a just imam and the one who will be most hateful to Allah on the Day of Resurrection, and will receive the severest punishment will be a tyrannical imam. (Tirmidhi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 64.A creature is not to be obeyed when it involves disobedience to the Creator. (Sharra-as-Sunna). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 65.Do not ask for any high office, for if you are given it after asking, you will be left to discharge it yourself; if you are given it without asking you will be helped to discharge it. (Bukhari, Muslim). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 66.He who has been ruler over ten people, will be brought in the Day of Resurrection, shackled till justice loosens his chains or tyranny brings him to destruction. (Darimi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 67.The most excellent jihad is when one speaks a true word in the presence of a tyrannical ruler. (Tirmidhi). (Sayings of Muhammad. by Prof. Ghazi Ahmad). 68.As you will be so will you have rulers put over you. (Baihaqi).
7 Jun 2009
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0:19
RULO Y GONZALEZ FOR MORE: animation, also referred to as classical animation, cel animation, or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. In a traditionally-animated cartoon, each frame is drawn by hand. The traditional animation process Storyboards Traditionally-animated productions, just like other forms of animation, usually begin life as a storyboard, which is a script of sorts written with images as well as words, similar to a giant comic strip. The images allow the animation team to plan the flow of the plot and the composition of the imagery. The storyboard artists will have regular meetings with the director, and may have to redraw or "re-board" a sequence many times before it meets final approval. Voice recording Before true animation begins, a preliminary soundtrack or "scratch track" is recorded, so that the animation may be more precisely synchronized to the soundtrack. Given the slow, methodical manner in which traditional animation is produced, it is almost always easier to synchronize animation to a pre-existing soundtrack than it is to synchronize a soundtrack to pre-existing animation. A completed cartoon soundtrack will feature music, sound effects, and dialogue performed by voice actors. However, the scratch track used during animation typically contains just the voices, any vocal songs that the characters must sing along to, and temporary musical score tracks; the final score and sound effects are added in post-production. In the case of most pre-1930 sound animated cartoons, the sound was post-synched; that is, the sound track was recorded after the film elements were finished by watching the film and performing the dialogue, music, and sound effects required. Some studios, most notably Fleischer Studios, continued to post-synch their cartoons later, which allowed for the presence of the "muttered ad-libs" present in many Popeye the Sailor and Betty Boop cartoons. Although virtually all American animation is now pre-synched (and has been since the 1930s), nearly all Japanese animation (anime) is post-synched. Animatics Often, an animatic or story reel is made after the soundtrack is created, but before full animation begins. An animatic typically consists of pictures of the storyboard synchronized with the soundtrack. This allows the animators and directors to work out any script and timing issues that may exist with the current storyboard. The storyboard and soundtrack are amended if necessary, and a new animatic may be created and reviewed with the director until the storyboard is perfected. Editing the film at the animatic stage prevents the animation of scenes that would be edited out of the film; as traditional animation is a very expensive and time-consuming process, creating scenes that will eventually be edited out of the completed cartoon is strictly avoided. In the mid 1970's these were known as Videomatics and used primarily for test commercial projects. Advertising agencies today employ the use of animatics to test their commercials before they are made into full up spots. Animatics use drawn artwork, with moving pieces (ie: an arm that reaches for a product, or a head that turns). Video storyboards are the same thing as animatics, but do not have moving pieces. Photomatics are another option when creating test spots, but instead of using drawn artwork, there is a shoot in which hundreds of digital photographs are taken. The large amount of images to choose from may make the process of creating a test commercial a bit easier, as opposed to creating an animatic, because changes to drawn art take time and money. Photomatics generally cost more than animatics, as they require a shoot, and on-camera talent. Design and timing Once the animatic has been approved, it and the storyboards are sent to the design departments. Character designers prepare model sheets for all important characters and props in the film. These model sheets will show how a character or object looks from a variety of angles with a variety of poses and expressions, so that all artists working on the project can deliver consistent work. Sometimes, small statues known as maquettes may be produced, so that an animator can see what a character looks like in three dimensions. At the same time, the background stylists will do similar work for the settings and locations in the project, and the art directors and color stylists will determine the art style and color schemes to be used. While design is going on, the timing director (who in many cases will be the main director) takes the animatic and analyzes exactly what poses, drawings, and lip movements will be needed on what frames. An exposure sheet (or X-sheet for short) is created; this is a printed table that breaks down the action, dialogue, and sound frame-by-frame as a guide for the animators. If a film is based more strongly in music, a bar sheet may be prepared in addition to or instead of an X-sheet. Bar sheets show the relationship between the on-screen action, the dialogue, and the actual musical notation used in the score. Layout Layout begins after the designs are completed and approved by the director. The layout process is the same as the blocking out of shots by a cinematographer on a live-action film. It is here that the background layout artists determine the camera angles, camera paths, lighting, and shading of the scene. Character layout artists will determine the major poses for the characters in the scene, and will make a drawing to indicate each pose. For short films, character layouts are often the responsibility of the director. The layout drawings are spliced into the animatic, using the X-sheet as a guide. Once the animatic is made up of all layout drawings, it is called a Leica reel. The term originates from the Disney Studio in the 1930s, from the frame format used by Leica cameras. Animation Key drawings and corrected, inbetweened animation in NoeinOnce the Leica reel is finally approved by the director, animation begins. In the traditional animation process, animators will begin by drawing sequences of animation on sheets of paper perforated to fit the peg bars in their desks, often using colored pencils, one picture or "frame" at a time. A key animator or lead animator will draw the key drawings in a scene, using the character layouts as a guide. The key animator draws enough of the frames to get across the major points of the action; in a sequence of a character jumping across a gap, the key animator may draw a frame of the character as he is about to leap, two or more frames as the character is flying through the air, and the frame for the character landing on the other side of the gap. Timing is important for the animators drawing these frames; each frame must match exactly what is going on in the soundtrack at the moment the frame will appear, or else the discrepancy between sound and visual will be distracting to the audience. For example, in high-budget productions, extensive effort is given in making sure a speaking character's mouth matches in shape the sound that character's actor is producing as he or she speaks. (Try making "ah," "ooh" and "ee" sounds out loud, and note how your mouth will subconsciously form a different shape for each sound; good animators must pay attention to such seemingly trivial things). As they are working on a scene, a key animator will usually prepare a pencil test of the scene. A pencil test is a preliminary version of the final animated scene; the pencil drawings are quickly photographed or scanned and synced with the necessary soundtracks. This allows the animation to be reviewed and improved upon before passing the work on to his assistant animators, who will go add details and some of the missing frames in the scene. The work of the assistant animators is reviewed, pencil-tested, and corrected until the lead animator is ready to meet with the director and have his scene sweatboxed, or reviewed by the director, producer, and other key creative team members. Similar to the storyboarding stage, an animator may be required to re-do a scene many times before the director will approve it. In high-budget animated productions, often each major character will have an animator or group of animators solely dedicated to drawing that character. The group will be made up of one supervising animator, a small group of key animators, and a larger group of assistant animators. For scenes where two characters interact, the key animators for both characters will decide which character is "leading" the scene, and that character will be drawn first. The second character will be animated to react to and support the actions of the "leading" character. Once the key animation is approved, the lead animator forwards the scene on to the clean-up department, made up of the clean-up animators and the inbetweeners. The clean-up animators take the lead and assistant animators' drawings and trace them onto a new sheet of paper, taking care in including all of the details present on the original model sheets, so that it appears that one person animated the entire film. The inbetweeners will draw in whatever frames are still missing in between the other animators' drawings. This procedure is called tweening. The resulting drawings are again pencil-tested and sweatboxed until they meet approval. At each stage during pencil animation, approved artwork is spliced into the Leica reel. This process is the same for both character animation and special effects animation, which on most high-budget productions are done in separate departments. Effects animators animate anything that moves and is not a character, including props, vehicles, machinery and phenomena such as fire, rain, and explosions. Sometimes, instead of drawings, a number of special processes are used to produce special effects in animated films; rain, for example, has been created in Disney films since the late-1930s by filming slow-motion footage of water in front of a black background, with the resulting film superimposed over the animation. Backgrounds While the animation is being done, the background artists will paint the sets over which the action of each animated sequence will take place. These backgrounds are generally done in gouache or acrylic paint, although some animated productions have used backgrounds done in watercolor, oil paint, or even crayon. Background artists follow very closely the work of the background layout artists and color stylists (which is usually compiled into a workbook for their use), so that the resulting backgrounds are harmonious in tone with the character designs. Traditional ink-and-paint and camera Once the clean-ups and in between drawings for a sequence are completed, they are prepared for photography, a process known as ink-and-paint. Each drawing is then transferred from paper to a thin, clear sheet of plastic called a cel, so called because they were once made out of cellulose nitrate (cellulose acetate is now used). The outline of the drawing is inked or photocopied onto the cel, and gouache or a similar type of paint is used on the reverse sides of the cels to add colors in the appropriate shades. In many cases, characters will have more than one color scheme assigned to them; the usage of each one depends upon the mood and lighting of each scene. The transparent quality of the cel allows for each character or object in a frame to be animated on different cels, as the cel of one character can be seen underneath the cel of another; and the opaque background will be seen beneath all of the cels. A camera used for shooting traditional animation. See also Aerial image.When an entire sequence has been transferred to cels, the photography process begins. Each cel involved in a frame of a sequence is laid on top of each other, with the background at the bottom of the stack. A piece of glass is lowered onto the artwork in order to flatten any irregularities, and the composite image is then photographed by a special animation camera, also called rostrum camera. The cels are removed, and the process repeats for the next frame until each frame in the sequence has been photographed. Each cel has registration holes, small holes along the top or bottom edge of the cel, which allow the cel to be placed on corresponding peg bars before the camera to ensure that each cel aligns with the one before it; if the cells are not aligned in such a manner, the animation, when played at full speed, will appear "jittery." Sometimes, frames may need to be photographed more than once, in order to implement superimpositions and other camera effects. Pans are created by either moving the camera, cels, or backgrounds one step at a time over a succession of frames. As the scenes come out of final photography, they are spliced into the Leica reel, taking the place of the pencil animation. Once every sequence in the production has been photographed, the final film is sent for development and processing, while the final music and sound effects are added to the soundtrack. Again, editing is generally not done in animation, but if it is required it is done at this time, before the final print of the film is ready for duplication or broadcast. Digital ink and paint It should be noted that the actual "traditional" ink-and-paint process is no longer in use by any major animated productions at present. The current process, termed "digital ink and paint," is the same as traditional ink and paint until after the animation drawings are completed; instead of being transferred to cels, the animators' drawings are scanned into a computer, where they are colored and processed using one or more of a variety of software packages. The resulting drawings are composited in the computer over their respective backgrounds, which have also been scanned into the computer (if not digitally painted), and the computer outputs the final film by either exporting a digital video file, using a video cassette recorder, or printing to film using a high-resolution output device. Use of computers allows for easier exchange of artwork between departments, studios, and even countries and continents (in most low-budget animated productions, the bulk of the animation is actually done by animators working in other countries, including Korea, Japan, Singapore, and India). The last major feature film to use traditional ink and paint was Studio Ghibli's Princess Mononoke (1997); the last animated series to do so was Ed, Edd n Eddy. Minor productions such as Hair High (2004) by Bill Plympton have used traditional cels long after the introduction of digital techniques. Digital ink and paint has been in use at Walt Disney Feature Animation since 1989, where it was used for the final rainbow shot in The Little Mermaid. All subsequent Disney animated features were digitally inked-and-painted, using Disney's proprietary CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) technology, developed primarily by one-time partner Pixar (the last Disney feature using CAPS was Home on the Range). Most other studios use one of a number of other high-end software packages such as Toonz or Toon Boom Studio, Animo, US Animation and even consumer-level applications such as Macromedia Flash. Computers and video cameras Computers and video cameras in traditional cel animation can also be used as tools without affecting the film directly, assisting the animators in their work and making the whole process faster and easier. Doing the layouts on a computer is much more effective than doing it the old original way. And video cameras gives the opportunity to see a "sneak preview" of the scenes and how they will look when finished, enabling the animators to correct and improve them without having to complete them first. This can be considered a digital form of pencil testing. Techniques The cel & limited animation This image shows how two transparent cels, each with a different character drawn on them, and an opaque background are photographed together to form the composite image.The cel is an important innovation to traditional animation, as it allows some parts of each frame to be repeated from frame to frame, thus saving labor. A simple example would be a scene with two characters on screen, one of which is talking and the other standing silently. Since the latter character is not moving, it can be displayed in this scene using only one drawing, on one cel, while multiple drawings on multiple cels will be used to animate the speaking character. For a more complex example, consider, a sequence in which a girl sets a plate upon a table. The table will stay still for the entire sequence, so it can be drawn as part of the background. The plate can be drawn along with the character as the character places it on the table. However, after the plate is on the table, the plate will no longer move, although the girl will continue to move as she draws her arm away from the plate. In this example, after the girl puts the plate down, the plate can then be drawn on a separate cel from the girl. Further frames will feature new cels of the girl, but the plate does not have to be redrawn as it is not moving; the same cel of the plate can be used in each remaining frame that it is still upon the table. The cel paints were actually manufactured in shaded versions of each color to compensate for the extra layer of cel added between the image and the camera, in this example the still plate would be painted slightly brighter to compensate for being moved one layer down. In very early cartoons made before the use of the cel, such as Gertie the Dinosaur (1914), the entire frame, including the background and all characters and items, were drawn on a single sheet of paper, then photographed. Everything had to be redrawn for each frame containing movements. This led to a "jittery" appearance; imagine seeing a sequence of drawings of a mountain, each one slightly different from the one proceeding it. The pre-cel animation was later improved by using techniques like the slash method invented by Raoul Barre; the background and the animated objects were drawn on separate papers. A frame was made by removing all the blank parts of the papers where the objects were drawn before being placed on top of the backgrounds and finally photographed. The cel animation process was invented by Earl Hurd and John Bray in 1915. In lower-budget productions, this "shortcut" is used in a greater capacity. For example, in a scene in which a man is sitting in a chair and talking, the chair and the body of the man may be the same in every frame; only his head is redrawn, or perhaps even his head stays the same while only his mouth moves. This is known as limited animation. The process was popularized in theatrical cartoons by UPA and used in most television animation, especially that of Hanna-Barbera. The end result does not look very lifelike, but is inexpensive to produce, and therefore allows cartoons to be made on small television budgets. Animation loops A horse animated by rotoscoping from Edweard Muybridge's 19th century photos. The animation consists of 8 drawings, which are "looped", i.e. repeated over and over.Creating animation loops or animation cycles is a labor-saving technique for animating repetitive motions, such as a character walking or a breeze blowing through the trees. In the case of walking, the character is animated taking a step with their right foot, then a step with their left foot. The loop is created so that, when the sequence repeats, the motion is seamless. However, since an animation loop essentially uses the same bit of animation over and over again, they are easily detected and can in fact become distracting to an audience. In general, they are used only sparingly by productions with moderate or high budgets. Ryan Larkin's 1969 Academy Award nominated National Film Board of Canada short Walking makes creative use of loops. In addition, a promotional music video featuring the Soul Coughing song "Circles" poked fun at animation loops as they are often seen in The Flintstones, in which Fred and Barney, supposedly walking in a house, wonder why they keep passing the same table and vase over and over again. [edit] Multiplane camera Main article: Multiplane camera The multiplane camera is a tool used to add depth to scenes in 2D animated movies, called the multiplane effect. This visual phenomena is also called the parallax process. The art are placed on different layers of glass plates; in this way, realistic backgrounds and foregrounds can be made. The panorama views in Pinocchio are a well known example on how impressive it can appear. Different versions of the camera have been made through time, but the most famous is the one used by the Walt Disney Studio. Another one, called a tabletop, was made by Fleischer Studios. Miniature sets made of paper cutouts were placed in front of the camera, and the cels between them, creating visually realistic scenes. Others who made their own multiplane camera include Ub Iwerks and Don Bluth. Hand inking Originally the cels were inked by hand by first laying them over the artists drawings, and then the inkers traced the outlines of the artwork onto the cels, using different colors. With the invention of xerography (below), hand inking was no longer needed, and this was reflected by the animation's visual style. Xerography Applied to animation by Ub Iwerks, the electrostatic copying technique called xerography allowed the drawings to be copied directly onto the cels, leaving only the coloring to the inkers. This saved time and money, and it also made it possible to put in more details and to control the size of the xeroxed objects and characters (this replaced the little known, and seldom used, photographic lines technique at Disney, used to reduce the size of animation when needed). At first it resulted in a more sketchy look, but the method was improved later. Instead of using black lines only, cels with lines in different colors were also possible, using colored toner powder. The xerographic method was first used by Disney in the short film Goliath II, while the first feature using this process was One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961). The graphic style of this film was strongly influenced by the process. Some hand inking was still used together with xerography in this and subsequent films when distinct colored lines were needed. Later, colored toners became available, and several distinct line colors could be used, even simultaneously. For instance, in The Rescuers the characters outlines are gray. White and blue toners were used for special effects, such as snow and water. The APT process Main article: APT process Invented by David W. Spencer (aka Dave Spencer) for the movie The Black Cauldron, the APT (Animation Photo Transfer) process was a new breakthrough in how to transfer the animators' art onto cels. Compared to Xerography, it looked visually better. Basically, the process was a modification of a repro-photographic process; the artists' work were photographed on high-contrast "litho" film, and the image on the resulting negative was then transferred to a cel covered with a layer of light sensitive dye by making a "sandwich" of the negative and the cel and expose the negative to light. The layer of dye was sandwiched between the other two elements and exposed to the light through the transparent areas of the negative. Because it was actually divided into thinner layers of dye, each in a different color and sensitive to a specific wavelength of light, it was exposed to the relevant wavelengths one at the time. The light caused it to harden and fuse to the surface of the cel, and chemicals were then used to remove the unexposed portion, leaving the drawings in a variety of colors (photo emulsion). Small and delicate details were still inked by hand if needed. Spencer received a Technical award from the Motion Picture Academy for developing this process. Cel overlay A cel with inanimate objects made to make the impression of a foreground when laid on top of a ready frame. This creates the illusion of depth, but not as much as a multiplane camera would. A special version of cel overlay is called line overlay, made to complete the background instead of making the foreground, and was invented to deal with the sketchy appearance of xeroxed drawings. The background was first painted as shapes and figures in flat colors, containing rather few details. Next a cel with detailed black lines was laid directly over it, each line drawn to add more information to the underlaying shape or figure, giving the background the complexity it needed. In this way the visual style of the background will match the visual style of the xeroxed parts of the animation. As the xerographic process evolved, line overlay was left behind. Computers and traditional animation Though the process described above is the traditional animation process, painted cels are rare as the computer moves into the animation studio, and the outline drawings are as mentioned in most cases scanned into the computer and filled with digital paint instead of transferred to cels and then colored by hand. The drawings are composited in a computer program on many transparent "layers" much the same way as they are with cels, and made into a sequence of images which may then be transferred onto film or converted to a digital video format. It has even become possible for animators to draw directly into a computer using a graphics tablet or a similar device, where the outline drawings are done in a similar manner as they would be on paper. The development of such paperless 2D animation, or "tablet animation", is likely to replace the traditional pencil and paper not too far into the future, as mentioned in this article, just as cels and traditional paint was replaced when digital ink and paint was fully introduced in the 90's. Some of the advantages are the possibility and potential of controlling the size of the drawings while working on them, drawing directly on a multiplane background and eliminating the need of photographing line tests and scanning. Though traditional animation is now commonly done with computers, it is important to differentiate computer-assisted traditional animation from 3D computer animation, such as Toy Story and ReBoot. However, often traditional animation and 3D computer animation will be used together, as in Don Bluth's Titan A.E. and Disney's Tarzan and Treasure Planet. DreamWorks executive Jeffrey Katzenberg coined the term "tradigital animation" to describe films produced by his studio which incorporated elements of traditional and computer animation equally, such as Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron and Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas. Interestingly, many modern video games such as Viewtiful Joe, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker and others use "cel-shading" animation filters to make their full 3D animation appear as though it were drawn in a traditional cel style. This technique has recently also been used in the animated movie Appleseed, and was integrated with cel animation in the FOX animated series Futurama. Rotoscoping Rotoscoping is a method of traditional animation invented by Max Fleischer in 1915, in which animation is "traced" over actual film footage of actors and scenery. Traditionally, the live action will be printed out frame by frame and registered. Another piece of paper is then placed over the live action printouts and the action is traced frame by frame using a lightbox. The end result still looks hand drawn but the motion will be remarkably lifelike. Waking Life is a full-length, rotoscoped animated movie, as is American Pop by Ralph Bakshi. The popular music video for A-ha's song "Take On Me" also featured rotoscoped animation, along with live action. In most cases, rotoscoping is mainly used as a guide to aid the animation of realistically rendered human beings, as in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Sleeping Beauty, Pocahontas, and Anastasia. A method that is related to conventional rotoscoping was later invented. If the movie was supposed to contain inanimate objects like a car or a boat, a small live action model of the object(s) was built and painted white, while the edges of the model were painted with thin black lines. In the next stage the object was filmed like it was supposed to move in the animated scene, either by moving the model or filming it while the camera was sweeping over or around it, or using a combination of both. The film frames were then printed on paper, showing a model made up of the painted black lines. After the artists had added details to the object not present in the live action version of the model, it was xeroxed onto cels. (A notable example is Cruella's car in One Hundred and One Dalmatians.) The process of transferring 3D objects to cels was greatly improved when computer graphics advanced enough to allow the creation of three dimensional computer generated objects (wire frame models) that could be manipulated in any way the animators wanted, and then print the outlines on paper before being copied onto cels using Xerography or the APT process. Even if the use of cels has been left by the majority of animators, computer animated objects in traditional animation has come to stay. Related to rotoscoping are the methods of vectorizing live-action footage, in order to achieve a very graphical look, like in Richard Linklater's film A Scanner Darkly; and motion-capturing actor's movements to use the data in 3D-animation, like in Robert Zemeckis's "Polar Express". Live-action hybrids Similar to the computer animation and traditional animation hybrids described above, occasionally a production will marry both live-action and animated footage. The live-action parts of these productions are usually filmed first, the actors pretending that they are interacting with the animated characters, props, or scenery; animation will then be added into the footage later to make it appear as if it has always been there. Like rotoscoping, this method is rarely used, but when it is, it can be done to terrific effect, immersing the audience in a fantasy world where humans and cartoons co-exist. Early examples include the silent Out of the Inkwell (begun in 1919) cartoons by Max Fleischer and Walt Disney's Alice Comedies (begun in 1923). Live-action and animation were later combined to successful effect in features such as The Three Caballeros (1945), Anchors Aweigh (1945), Song of the South (1946), Mary Poppins (1964), Heavy Traffic (1973), Pete's Dragon (1977), Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), The Pagemaster (1994) and Space Jam (1996). Other significant live-action hybrids include the music video for Paula Abdul's hit song "Opposites Attract" and numerous television commercials, including those for cereals such as Honey Nut Cheerios, Trix, and Rice Krispies. Special effects animation See also: Special effect#Special effects animation Besides traditional animated characters, objects and backgrounds, many other techniques are used to create special elements such as smoke, lightning and "magic", and to give the animation in general a distinct visual appearance. Notable examples can be found in movies such as Fantasia, The Little Mermaid and The Secret of NIMH. Today the special effects are mostly done with computers, but earlier they had to be done by hand. To produce these effects, the animators used different techniques, such as drybrush, airbrush, charcoal, grease pencil, backlit animation or, during shooting, the cameraman used multiple exposures with diffusing screens, filters or gels. For instance, the Nutcracker Suite segment in Fantasia has a fairy sequence where stippled cels are used, creating a soft pastel look. fuente: wikipedia:
1 Jul 2010
994
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5:15
Rawat known to millions by the honorary title Maharaji, beautifully penned this poem and is sung by music professor Madan Gopal of Lucknow University, India. In this bhajan, Maharaji states that the infinite that everyone searches for resides in the heart of every person alive and only with the help of someone with simple wisdom, who he here refers to as Guru, (being Master), can a being truly and really feel the presence of the pure joy, contentment and bliss. Guru Maharaji
13 Apr 2009
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7:40
Distribution of Water -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 541: Narrated Sahl bin Sad: A tumbler (full of milk or water) was brought to the Prophet who drank from it, while on his right side there was sitting a boy who was the youngest of those who were present and on his left side there were old men. The Prophet asked, "O boy, will you allow me to give it (i.e. the rest of the drink) to the old men?" The boy said, "O Allah's Apostle! I will not give preference to anyone over me to drink the rest of it from which you have drunk." So, the Prophet gave it to him. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 542: Narrated Az-Zuhri: Anas bin Malik said, that once a domestic sheep was milked for Allah's Apostle while he was in the house of Anas bin Malik. The milk was mixed with water drawn from the well in Anas's house. A tumbler of it was presented to Allah's Apostle who drank from it. Then Abu Bakr was sitting on his left side and a bedouin on his right side. When the Prophet removed the tumbler from his mouth, 'Umar was afraid that the Prophet might give it to the bedouin, so he said. "O Allah's Apostle! Give it to Abu Bakr who is sitting by your side." But the Prophet gave it to the bedouin, who was to his right and said, "You should start with the one on your right side." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 543: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not withhold the superfluous water, for that will prevent people from grazing their cattle." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 544: Narrated Abu Huraira: that Allah's Apostle said, "Do not withhold the superfluous water in order to withhold the superfluous grass." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 545: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "No bloodmoney will be charged if somebody dies in a mine or in a well or is killed by an animal; and if somebody finds a treasure in his land he has to give one-fifth of it to the Government." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 546: Narrated 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud): The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a false oath to deprive somebody of his property will meet Allah while He will be angry with him." Allah revealed: 'Verily those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's covenant, and their oaths.' ........(3.77) Al-Ash'ath came (to the place where 'Abdullah was narrating) and said, "What has Abu 'Abdur-Rahman (i.e. Abdullah) been telling you? This verse was revealed concerning me. I had a well in the land of a cousin of mine. The Prophet asked me to bring witnesses (to confirm my claim). I said, 'I don't have witnesses.' He said, 'Let the defendant take an oath then.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! He will take a (false) oath immediately.' Then the Prophet mentioned the above narration and Allah revealed the verse to confirm what he had said." (See Hadith No. 692) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 547: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "There are three persons whom Allah will not look at on the Day of Resurrection, nor will he purify them and theirs shall be a severe punishment. They are: 1. A man possessed superfluous water, on a way and he withheld it from travelers. 2. A man who gave a pledge of allegiance to a ruler and he gave it only for worldly benefits. If the ruler gives him something he gets satisfied, and if the ruler withholds something from him, he gets dissatisfied. 3. And man displayed his goods for sale after the 'Asr prayer and he said, 'By Allah, except Whom None has the right to be worshipped, I have been given so much for my goods,' and somebody believes him (and buys them)." The Prophet then recited: "Verily! Those who purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their oaths." (3.77) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 548: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair: An Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair in the presence of the Prophet about the Harra Canals which were used for irrigating the date-palms. The Ansari man said to Az-Zubair, "Let the water pass' but Az-Zubair refused to do so. So, the case was brought before the Prophet who said to Az-Zubair, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and then let the water pass to your neighbor." On that the Ansari got angry and said to the Prophet, "Is it because he (i.e. Zubair) is your aunt's son?" On that the color of the face of Allah's Apostle changed (because of anger) and he said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and then withhold the water till it reaches the walls between the pits round the trees." Zubair said, "By Allah, I think that the following verse was revealed on this occasion": "But no, by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes between them." (4.65) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 549: Narrated 'Urwa: When a man from the Ansar quarrelled with AzZubair, the Prophet said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) first and then let the water flow (to the land of the others)." "On that the Ansari said, (to the Prophet), "It is because he is your aunt's son." On that the Prophet said, "O Zubair! Irrigate till the water reaches the walls between the pits around the trees and then stop (i.e. let the water go to the other's land)." I think the following verse was revealed concerning this event: "But no, by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes between them." (4.65) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 550: Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: An-Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair about a canal in the Harra which was used for irrigating date-palms. Allah's Apostle, ordering Zubair to be moderate, said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) first and then leave the water for your neighbor." The Ansari said, "Is it because he is your aunt's son?" On that the color of the face of Allah's Apostle changed and he said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and withhold the water till it reaches the walls that are between the pits around the trees." So, Allah's Apostle gave Zubair his full right. Zubair said, "By Allah, the following verse was revealed in that connection": "But no, by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes between them." (4.65) (The sub-narrator,) Ibn Shihab said to Juraij (another sub-narrator), "The Ansar and the other people interpreted the saying of the Prophet, 'Irrigate (your land) and with-hold the water till it reaches the walls between the pits around the trees,' as meaning up to the ankles." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 551: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said, 'This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 552: Narrated Asma' bint Abi Bakr: The Prophet prayed the eclipse prayer, and then said, "Hell was displayed so close that I said, 'O my Lord ! Am I going to be one of its inhabitants?"' Suddenly he saw a woman. I think he said, who was being scratched by a cat. He said, "What is wrong with her?" He was told, "She had imprisoned it (i.e. the cat) till it died of hunger." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 553: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "A woman was tortured and was put in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it died of hunger." Allah's Apostle further said, (Allah knows better) Allah said (to the woman), 'You neither fed it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it free to eat the insects of the earth." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 554: Narrated Sahl bin Sad: Once a tumbler (full of milk or water) was brought to Allah's Apostle who drank from it, while on his right side there was sitting a boy who was the youngest of those who were present, and on his left side there were old men. The Prophet asked, "O boy ! Do you allow me to give (the drink) to the elder people (first)?" The boy said, "I will not prefer anybody to have my share from you, O Allah's Apostle!" So, he gave it to the boy. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 555: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, I will drive some people out from my (sacred) Fount on the Day of Resurrection as strange camels are expelled from a private trough." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 556: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said, "May Allah be merciful to the mother of Ishmael! If she had left the water of Zam-Zam (fountain) as it was, (without constructing a basin for keeping the water), (or said, "If she had not taken handfuls of its water"), it would have been a flowing stream. Jurhum (an Arab tribe) came and asked her, 'May we settle at your dwelling?' She said, 'Yes, but you have no right to possess the water.' They agreed." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 557: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "There are three types of people whom Allah will neither talk to, nor look at, on the Day of Resurrection. (They are): 1. A man who takes an oath falsely that he has been offered for his goods so much more than what he is given, 2. a man who takes a false oath after the 'Asr prayer in order to grab a Muslim's property, and 3. a man who with-holds his superfluous water. Allah will say to him, "Today I will with-hold My Grace from you as you with-held the superfluity of what you had not created." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 558: Narrated As-Sab bin Jaththama: Allah's Apostle said, No Hima except for Allah and His Apostle. We have been told that Allah's Apostle made a place called An-Naqi' as Hima, and 'Umar made Ash-Sharaf and Ar-Rabadha Hima (for grazing the animals of Zakat). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 559: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Keeping horses may be a source of reward to some (man), a shelter to another (i.e. means of earning one's living), or a burden to a third. He to whom the horse will be a source of reward is the one who keeps it in Allah's Cause (prepare it for holy battles) and ties it by a long rope in a pasture (or a garden). He will get a reward equal to what its long rope allows it to eat in the pasture or the garden, and if that horse breaks its rope and crosses one or two hills, then all its foot-steps and its dung will be counted as good deeds for its owner; and if it passes by a river and drinks from it, then that will also be regarded as a good deed for its owner even if he has had no intention of watering it then. Horses are a shelter from poverty to the second person who keeps horses for earning his living so as not to ask others, and at the same time he gives Allah's right (i.e. Rakat) (from the wealth he earns through using them in trading etc.,) and does not overburden them. He who keeps horses just out of pride and for showing off and as a means of harming the Muslims, his horses will be a source of sins to him." When Allah's Apostle was asked about donkeys, he replied, "Nothing particular was revealed to me regarding -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 560: Narrated Zaid bin Khalid: A man came to Allah's Apostle and asked about Al-Luqata (a fallen thing). The Prophet said, "Recognize its container and its tying material and then make a public announcement about it for one year and if its owner shows up, give it to him; otherwise use it as you like." The man said, "What about a lost sheep?" The Prophet said, "It is for you, your brother or the wolf." The man said "What about a lost camel?" The Prophet said, "Why should you take it as it has got its water-container (its stomach) and its hooves and it can reach the places of water and can eat the trees till its owner finds it?" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 561: Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al 'Awwam: The Prophet said, "No doubt, one had better take a rope (and cut) and tie a bundle of wood and sell it whereby Allah will keep his face away (from Hell-fire) rather than ask others who may give him or not." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 562: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "No doubt, you had better gather a bundle of wood and carry it on your back (and earn your living thereby) rather than ask somebody who may give you or not." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 563: Narrated Husain bin Ali: Ali bin Abi Talib said: "I got a she-camel as my share of the war booty on the day (of the battle) of Badr, and Allah's Apostle gave me another she-camel. I let both of them kneel at the door of one of the Ansar, intending to carry Idhkhir on them to sell it and use its price for my wedding banquet on marrying Fatima. A goldsmith from Bam Qainqa' was with me. Hamza bin 'Abdul-Muttalib was in that house drinking wine and a lady singer was reciting: "O Hamza! (Kill) the (two) fat old she camels (and serve them to your guests)." So Hamza took his sword and went towards the two she-camels and cut off their humps and opened their flanks and took a part of their livers." (I said to Ibn Shihab, "Did he take part of the humps?" He replied, "He cut off their humps and carried them away.") 'Ali further said, "When I saw that dreadful sight, I went to the Prophet and told him the news. The Prophet came out in the company of Zaid bin Haritha who was with him then, and I too went with them. He went to Hamza and spoke harshly to him. Hamza looked up and said, 'Aren't you only the slaves of my forefathers?' The Prophet retreated and went out. This incident happened before the prohibition of drinking." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 564: Narrated Anas: The Prophet decided to grant a portion of (the uncultivated land of) Bahrain to the Ansar. The Ansar said, "(We will not accept it) till you give a similar portion to our emigrant brothers (from Quraish)." He said, "(O Ansar!) You will soon see people giving preference to others, so remain patient till you meet me (on the Day of Resurrection). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 565: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "One of the rights of a she camel is that it should be milked at a place of water." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 566: Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: The Prophet permitted selling the dates of the 'Araya for ready dates by estimating the amount of the former (as they are still on the trees). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 567: Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: The Prophet forbade the sales called Al-Mukhabara, Al-Muhaqala and Al-Muzabana and the selling of fruits till they are free from blights. He forbade the selling of the fruits except for money, except the 'Araya. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 568: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet allowed the sale of the dates of the 'Araya for ready dates by estimating the former which should be estimated as less than five Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud, the sub-narrator is not sure as to the right amount.) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 3, Book 40, Number 569: Narrated Rafi 'bin Khadij and Sahl bin Al Hathma: Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of Muzabana, i.e. selling of fruits for fruits, except in the case of 'Araya; he allowed the owners of 'Araya such kind of sale.
14 Aug 2008
479
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2:46
*******www.web20mlm**** The Power Of Positive Thinking Phrases: I promise myself... To be so strong that nothing can disturb my peace of mind... To talk health, happiness and prosperity to every person I meet... To make all my friends feel that there is something in them... To look at the sunny side of everything and make my optimism come true... To think only of the best, to work only for the best and to expect only the best... To be just as enthusiastic about the success of others as I am about my own. To forget the mistakes of the past and press on to the greater achievements of the future To wear a cheerful countenance at all times and give every living creature I meet a smile . To give so much time to the improvement of myself that I have no time to criticize others To be too large for worry, too noble for anger, too strong for fear and too happy to permit the presence of trouble. To think well of myself and to proclaim this fact to the world, not in loud words but in great deeds. To live in the faith that the whole world is on my side so long as I am true to the best that is in me...
2 Mar 2010
5596
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3:47
When ArcelorMittal took over the Quebec Cartier Mining Company, switching to a completely new mindset was a huge challenge. In only 60 days the re-branding was completed. Find out how the employees feel about this and what the presence of ArcelorMittal means for the local communities.
22 Aug 2008
311
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6:16
Call to Prayers (Adhaan) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 577: Narrated Anas: The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 578: Narrated Ibn 'Umar: When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but 'Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah's Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 579: Narrated Anas: Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqamas once except "Qad-qamat-is-Salat". -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 580: Narrated Anas bin Malik: When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 581: Narrated Abu Qilaba: Anas said, "Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only." The sub narrator Isma'li said, "I mentioned that to Aiyub and he added (to that), "Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should be said twice)." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 582: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the Adhan is pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 583: Narrated 'Abdul Rahman: Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri told my father, "I see you liking sheep and the wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection." Abu Said added, "I heard it (this narration) from Allah's Apostle." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 584: Narrated Humaid: Anas bin Malik said, "Whenever the Prophet went out with us to fight (in Allah's cause) against any nation, he never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait and see: if he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them." Anas added, "We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet ) rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet. The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted 'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.' When Allah's Apostle saw them, he said, "Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 585: Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "Whenever you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu'adhdhin is saying. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 586: Narrated 'Isa bin Talha: that he had heard Muawiya repeating the words of Adhan up to "Wa ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan Rasulul-lah (and I testify that Muhammad is Allah's Apostle.)" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 587: Narrated Yahya as above (586) and added: "Some of my companions told me that Hisham had said, "When the Mu'adhdhin said, "Haiya alas-sala(t) (come for the prayer)." Muawiya said, "La hawla wala quwata illa billah (There is neither might nor any power except with Allah)" and added, "We heard your Prophet saying the same." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 588: Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, 'Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da' watit-tammati was-salatil qa'imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilata, wab' athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa' adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right of intercession and superiority and send him (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)', then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection"). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 589: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in congregational prayers) and found no other way to get that except by drawing lots they would draw lots, and if they knew the reward of the Zuhr prayer (in the early moments of its stated time) they would race for it (go early) and if they knew the reward of 'Isha' and Fajr (morning) prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if they had to crawl." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 590: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Al-Harith: Once on a rainy muddy day, Ibn 'Abbas delivered a sermon in our presence and when the Mu'adhdhin pronounced the Adhan and said, "Haiya ala-s-sala(t) (come for the prayer)" Ibn 'Abbas ordered him to say 'Pray at your homes.' The people began to look at each other (surprisingly). Ibn 'Abbas said. "It was done by one who was much better than I (i.e. the Prophet or his Mu'adhdhin), and it is a license.' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 591: Narrated Salim bin Abdullah: My father said that Allah s Apostle said, "Bilal pronounces 'Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces Adhan." Salim added, "He was a blind man who would not pronounce the Adhan unless he was told that the day had dawned." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 592: Narrated Hafsa: When the Muadh-dhin pronounced the Adhan for Fajr prayer and the dawn became evident the Prophet ordered a two Rakat light prayer (Sunna) before the Iqama of the compulsory (congregational) prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 593: Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet used to offer two light Rakat between the Adhan and the Iqama of the Fajr prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 594: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 595: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud: The Prophet said, "The Adhan pronounced by Bilal should not stop you from taking Suhur, for he pronounces the Adhan at night, so that the one offering the late night prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and the sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean that dawn or morning has started." Then he (the Prophet) pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the sky) and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn Mas'ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet). Az-Zuhri gestured with his two index fingers which he put on each other and then stretched them to the right and left. These gestures illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads left and right horizontally. The dawn that appears in the high sky and lowers down is not the real dawn) . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 596: Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet said, "Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so eat and drink (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 597: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani: Allah's Apostle said thrice, "There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama)," and added, "For the one who wants to pray." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 598: Narrated Anas bin Malik: "When the Mu'adhdhin pronounced the Adhan, some of the companions of the Prophet would proceed to the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet arrived and in this way they used to pray two Rakat before the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhan and the Iqama." Shu'ba said, "There used to be a very short interval between the two (Adhan and Iqama)." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 599: Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to pray two light Rakat before the morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the Mu'adhdhin had finished his Adhan. He then would lie on his right side till the Mu'adhdhin came to pronounce the Iqama. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 600: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal: The prophet said, "There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama), there is a prayer between the two Adhans." And then while saying it the third time he added, "For the one who wants to (pray)." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 601: Narrated Malik bin Huwairth: I came to the Prophet with some men from my tribe and stayed with him for twenty nights. He was kind and merciful to us. When he realized our longing for our families, he said to us, "Go back and stay with your families and teach them the religion, and offer the prayer and one of you should pronounce the Adhan for the prayer when its time is due and the oldest one amongst you should lead the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 602: Narrated Abu Dhar: We were in the company of the Prophet on a journey and the Mu'adhdhin wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the (Zuhr) prayer. The Prophet said to him, "Let it become cooler." Then he again wanted to pronounce the Adhan but the Prophet; said to him, "Let it become cooler." The Mu'adh-dhin again wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer but the Prophet said, "Let it become cooler," till the shadows of the hillocks become equal to their sizes. The Prophet added, "The severity of the heat is from the raging of Hell." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 603: Narrated Malik bin Huwairth: Two men came to the Prophet with the intention of a journey. The Prophet said, "When (both of) you set out, pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the oldest of you should lead the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 604: Narrated Malik: We came to the Prophet and stayed with him for twenty days and nights. We were all young and of about the same age. The Prophet was very kind and merciful. When he realized our longing for our families, he asked about our homes and the people there and we told him. Then he asked us to go back to our families and stay with them and teach them (the religion) and to order them to do good things. He also mentioned some other things which I have (remembered or) forgotten. The Prophet then added, "Pray as you have seen me praying and when it is the time for the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 605: Narrated Nafi: Once in a cold night, Ibn 'Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer at ,Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and then said, "Pray at your homes", and informed us that Allah's Apostle used to tell the Mu'adhdin to pronounce Adhan and say, "Pray at your homes" at the end of the Adhan on a rainy or a very cold night during the journey." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 606: Narrated 'Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: My father said, "I saw Allah's Apostle at a place called Al-Abtah. Bilal came and informed him about the prayer and then came out with an Anza and planted it in front of Allah's Apostle at Al-Abtah and pronounced the Iqama." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 607: Narrated 'Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: My father said, "I saw Bilal turning his face from side to side while pronouncing the Adhan for the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 608: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "While we were praying with the Prophet he heard the noise of some people. After the prayer he said, 'What is the matter?' They replied 'We were hurrying for the prayer.' He said, 'Do not make haste for the prayer, and whenever you come for the prayer, you should come with calmness, and pray whatever you get (with the people) and complete the rest which you have missed." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 609: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When you hear the Iqama, proceed to offer the prayer with calmness and solemnity and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to pray and complete whatever you have missed. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said. "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the Iqama is pronounced then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you).' " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 611: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi: Qatada, My father said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the Iqama is pronounced, then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you) and do it calmly.' " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 612: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle went out (of the mosque) when the Iqama had been pronounced and the rows straightened. The Prophet stood at his Musalla (praying place) and we waited for the Prophet to begin the prayer with Takbir. He left and asked us to remain in our places. We kept on standing till the Prophet returned and the water was trickling from his head for he had taken a bath (of Janaba). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 613: Narrated Abu Huraira: Once iqama was pronounced and the people had straightened the rows, Allah's Apostle went forward (to lead the prayer) but he was Junub, so he said, "Remain in your places." And he went out, took a bath and returned with water trickling from his head. Then he led the prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 614: Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: On the day of Al-Khandaq (the trench), 'Umar bin Al-Khattab went to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I could not pray (the 'Asr) till the sun had set." 'Umar told this to the Prophet at the time when a fasting person had done Iftar (taken his meals). The Prophet then went to Buthan and I was with him. He performed ablution and offered the 'Asr prayer after the sun had set and then the Maghrib prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 615: Narrated Anas: Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was talking to a man (in a low voice) in a corner of the mosque and he did not lead the prayer till (some of) the people had slept (dozed in a sitting posture) . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 616: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once Iqama was pronounced a man came to the Prophet and detained him (from the prayer). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 617: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is I was about to order for collecting fire-wood (fuel) and then order Someone to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer and then order someone to lead the prayer then I would go from behind and burn the houses of men who did not present themselves for the (compulsory congregational) prayer. By Him, in Whose Hands my soul is, if anyone of them had known that he would get a bone covered with good meat or two (small) pieces of meat present in between two ribs, he would have turned up for the 'Isha' prayer.' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 618: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "The prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 619: Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "The prayer in congregation is twenty five times superior to the prayer offered by person alone." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 620: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The reward of the prayer offered by a person in congregation is twenty five times greater than that of the prayer offered in one's house or in the market (alone). And this is because if he performs ablution and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque with the sole intention of praying, then for every step he takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one degree in reward and his one sin is taken off (crossed out) from his accounts (of deeds). When he offers his prayer, the angels keep on asking Allah's Blessings and Allah's forgiveness for him as long as he is (staying) at his Musalla. They say, 'O Allah! Bestow Your blessings upon him, be Merciful and kind to him.' And one is regarded in prayer as long as one is waiting for the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 621: Narrated Abu Salama bin 'Abdur Rahman: Abu Huraira said, "I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'The reward of a prayer in congregation is twenty five times greater than that of a prayer offered by a person alone. The angels of the night and the angels of the day gather at the time of Fajr prayer.' " Abu Huraira then added, "Recite the Holy Book if you wish, for "Indeed, the recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn (Fajr prayer) is ever witnessed." (17.18). Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: The reward of the congregational prayer is twenty seven times greater (than that of the prayer offered by a person alone). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 622: Narrated Salim: I heard Um Ad-Darda' saying, "Abu Ad-Darda' entered the house in an angry mood. I said to him. 'What makes you angry?' He replied, 'By Allah! I do not find the followers of Muhammad doing those good things (which they used to do before) except the offering of congregational prayer." (This happened in the last days of Abu Ad-Darda' during the rule of 'Uthman) . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 623: Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The people who get tremendous reward for the prayer are those who are farthest away (from the mosque) and then those who are next farthest and so on. Similarly one who waits to pray with the Imam has greater reward than one who prays and goes to bed. " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 624: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was going on a way, he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the way and Allah became pleased by his action and forgave him for that." Then the Prophet said, "Five are martyrs: One who dies of plague, one who dies of an abdominal disease, one who dies of drowning, one who is buried alive (and) dies and one who is killed in Allah's cause." (The Prophet further said, "If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in the congregational prayer) and found no other way to get it except by drawing lots they would do so, and if they knew the reward of offering the Zuhr prayer early (in its stated time), they would race for it and they knew the reward for 'Isha' and Fajr prayers in congregation, they would attend them even if they were to crawl') -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 625: Narrated Humaid: Anas said, "The Prophet said, 'O Bani Salima! Don't you think that for every step of yours (that you take towards the mosque) there is a reward (while coming for prayer)?" Mujahid said: "Regarding Allah's Statement: "We record that which they have sent before (them), and their traces" (36.12). 'Their traces' means 'their steps.' " And Anas said that the people of Bani Salima wanted to shift to a place near the Prophet but Allah's Apostle disliked the idea of leaving their houses uninhabited and said, "Don't you think that you will get the reward for your footprints." Mujahid said, "Their foot prints mean their foot steps and their going on foot." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 626: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "No prayer is harder for the hypocrites than the Fajr and the 'Isha' prayers and if they knew the reward for these prayers at their respective times, they would certainly present themselves (in the mosques) even if they had to c awl." The Prophet added, "Certainly I decided to order the Mu'adh-dhin (call-maker) to pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the prayer and then take a fire flame to burn all those who had not left their houses so far for the prayer along with their houses." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 627: Narrated Malik bin Huwairith: Prophet said (to two persons), "Whenever the prayer time becomes due, you should pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the older of you should lead the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 628: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The angels keep on asking for Allah's Blessing and Forgiveness for anyone of you as long as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and does not do Hadath (passes wind). The angels say, 'O Allah! Forgive him and be Merciful to him.' Each one of you is in the prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer and nothing but the prayer detains him from going to his family." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 629: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah will give shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. (These seven persons are) a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah sincerely from childhood), a man whose heart is attached to the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque in congregation), two persons who love each other only for Allah's sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity), and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 630: Narrated Humaid: Anas was asked, "Did Allah's Apostle wear a ring?" He said, "Yes. Once he delayed the 'Isha' prayer till mid-night and after the prayer, he faced us and said, 'The people prayed and have slept and you remained in prayer as long as you waited for it.' " Anas added, "As if I were just now observing the glitter of his ring." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 631: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah will prepare for him who goes to the mosque (every) morning and in the afternoon (for the congregational prayer) an honorable place in Paradise with good hospitality for (what he has done) every morning and afternoon goings. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 632: Narrated Malik Ibn Buhaina: Allah's Apostle passed by a man praying two Rakat after the Iqama (had been pronounced). When Allah's Apostle completed the prayer, the people gathered around him (the Prophet) or that man and Allah's Apostle said to him (protesting), Are there four Rakat in Fajr prayer? Are there four Rakat in Fajr prayer?" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 633: Narrated Al-Aswad: "We were with 'Aisha discussing the regularity of offering the prayer and dignifying it. She said, 'When Allah's Apostle fell sick with the fatal illness and when the time of prayer became due and Adhan was pronounced, he said, 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' He was told that Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man and would not be able to lead the prayer in his place. The Prophet gave the same order again but he was given the same reply. He gave the order for the third time and said, 'You (women) are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.' So Abu Bakr came out to lead the prayer. In the meantime the condition of the Prophet improved a bit and he came out with the help of two men one on each side. As if I was observing his legs dragging on the ground owing to the disease. Abu Bakr wanted to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to remain at his place and the Prophet was brought till he sat beside Abu Bakr." Al-A'mash was asked, "Was the Prophet praying and Abu Bakr following him, and were the people following Abu Bakr in that prayer?" Al-A'mash replied in the affirmative with a nod of his head. Abu Muawiya said, "The Prophet was sitting on the left side of Abu Bakr who was praying while standing." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 634: Narrated 'Aisha: "When the Prophet became seriously ill and his disease became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of two men and his legs were dragging on the ground. He was between Al-Abbas and another man." 'Ubaid Ullah said, "I told Ibn 'Abbas what 'Aisha had narrated and he said, 'Do you know who was the (second) man whose name 'Aisha did not mention'" I said, 'No.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'He was 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib.' " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 635: Narrated Nafi': Once on a very cold and stormy night, Ibn 'Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer and then said, "Pray in your homes." He (Ibn 'Umar) added. "On very cold and rainy nights Allah's Apostle used to order the Mu'adhdhin to say, 'Pray in your homes.' " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 636: Narrated Mahmuid bin Rabi' Al-Ansari: 'Itban bin Malik used to lead his people (tribe) in prayer and was a blind man, he said to Allah's Apostle , "O Allah's Apostle! At times it is dark and flood water is flowing (in the valley) and I am blind man, so please pray at a place in my house so that I can take it as a Musalla (praying place)." So Allah's Apostle went to his house and said, "Where do you like me to pray?" 'Itban pointed to a place in his house and Allah's Apostle, offered the prayer there. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 637: Narrated 'Abdullah bin Al-Harith: Ibn Abbas addressed us on a (rainy and) muddy day and when the Mu'adh-dhin said, "Come for the prayer" Ibn 'Abbas ordered him to say, "Pray in your homes." The people began to look at one another with surprise as if they did not like it. Ibn 'Abbas said, "It seems that you thought ill of it but no doubt it was done by one who was better than I (i.e. the Prophet). It (the prayer) is a strict order and I disliked to bring you out." Ibn 'Abbas narrated the same as above but he said, "I did not like you to make you sinful (in refraining from coming to the mosque) and to come (to the mosque) covered with mud up to the knees." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 638: Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: A cloud came and it rained till the roof started leaking and in those days the roof used to be of the branches of date-palms. Iqama was pronounced and I saw Allah's Apostles prostrating in water and mud and even I saw the mark of mud on his forehead. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 639: Narrated Anas bin Sirin: I heard Anas saying, "A man from Ansar said to the Prophet, 'I cannot pray with you (in congregation).' He was a very fat man and he prepared a meal for the Prophet and invited him to his house. He spread out a mat for the Prophet, and washed one of its sides with water, and the Prophet prayed two Rakat on it." A man from the family of Al-Jaruid asked, "Did the Prophet used to pray the Duha (forenoon) prayer?" Anas said, "I did not see him praying the Duha prayer except on that day." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 640: Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet said, "If supper is served, and Iqama is pronounced one should start with the supper." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 641: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "If the supper is served start having it before praying the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty in finishing it." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 642: Narrated Nafi': Ibn 'Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the supper is served for anyone of you and the Iqama is pronounced, start with the supper and don't be in haste (and carry on eating) till you finish it." If food was served for Ibn 'Umar and Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till he finished it (i.e. food) in spite of the fact that he heard the recitation (of the Qur'an) by the Imam (in the prayer). Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet said, "If anyone of you is having his meals, he should not hurry up till he is; satisfied even if the prayer has been started." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 643: Narrated Ja'far bin 'Amr bin Umaiya: My father said, "I saw Allah's Apostle eating a piece of meat from the shoulder of a sheep and he was called for the prayer. He stood up, put down the knife and prayed but did not perform ablutilon.'' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 644: Narrated Al-Aswad: That he asked 'Aisha "What did the Prophet use to do in his house?" She replied, "He used to keep himself busy serving his family and when it was the time for prayer he would go for it." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 645: Narrated Aiyub: Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith came to this Mosque of ours and said, 'I pray in front of you and my aim is not to lead the prayer but to show you the way in which the Prophet used to pray.' " I asked Abu Qilaba,"How did he use to pray?' " He replied, "(The Prophet used to pray) like this Sheikh of ours and the Sheikh used to sit for a while after the prostration, before getting up after the first Rak'a. " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 646: Narrated Abu Musa: "The Prophet became sick and when his disease became aggravated, he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer." 'Aisha said, "He is a soft-hearted man and would not be able to lead the prayer in your place." The Prophet said again, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." She repeated the same reply but he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. You are the companions of Joseph." So the messenger went to Abu Bakr (with that order) and he led the people in prayer in the lifetime of the Prophet. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 647: Narrated 'Aisha: the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle in his illness said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." I said to him, "If Abu Bakr stands in your place, the people would not hear him owing to his (excessive) weeping. So please order 'Umar to lead the prayer." 'Aisha added I said to Hafsa, "Say to him: If Abu Bakr should lead the people in the prayer in your place, the people would not be able to hear him owing to his weeping; so please, order 'Umar to lead the prayer." Hafsa did so but Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet! You are verily the Companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. " Hafsa said to 'Aisha, "I never got anything good from you." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 648: Narrated Az-Zuhn: Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari, told me, "Abu Bakr used to lead the people in prayer during the fatal illness of the Prophet till it was Monday. When the people aligned (in rows) for the prayer the Prophet lifted the curtain of his house and started looking at us and was standing at that time. His face was (glittering) like a page of the Qur'an and he smiled cheerfully. We were about to be put to trial for the pleasure of seeing the Prophet, Abu Bakr retreated to join the row as he thought that the Prophet would lead the prayer. The Prophet beckoned us to complete the prayer and he let the curtain fall. On the same day he died." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 649: Narrated Anas: The Prophet did not come out for three days. The people stood for the prayer and Abu Bakr went ahead to lead the prayer. (In the meantime) the Prophet caught hold of the curtain and lifted it. When the face of the Prophet appeared we had never seen a scene more pleasing than the face of the Prophet as it appeared then. The Prophet beckoned to Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer and then let the curtain fall. We did not see him (again) till he died. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 650: Narrated Hamza bin 'Abdullah: My father said, "When Allah's Apostle became seriously ill, he was told about the prayer. He said, 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.' 'Aisha said, 'Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and he would be over-powered by his weeping if he recited the Qur'an.' He said to them, 'Tell him (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer. The same reply was given to him. He said again, 'Tell him to lead the prayer. You (women) are the companions of Joseph." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 651: Narrated 'Urwa's father: 'Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle ordered Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer during his illness and so he led them in prayer." 'Urwa, a sub narrator, added, "Allah's Apostle felt a bit relieved and came out and Abu Bakr was leading the people. When Abu Bakr saw the Prophet he retreated but the Prophet beckoned him to remain there. Allah's Apostle sat beside Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was following the prayer of Allah's Apostle and the people were following the prayer of Abu Bakr." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 652: Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi: Allah's Apostle went to establish peace among Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf. In the meantime the time of prayer was due and the Mu'adh-dhin went to Abu Bakr and said, "Will you lead the prayer, so that I may pronounce the Iqama?" Abu Bakr replied in the affirmative and led the prayer. Allah's Apostle came while the people were still praying and he entered the rows of the praying people till he stood in the (first row). The people clapped their hands. Abu Bakr never glanced sideways in his prayer but when the people continued clapping, Abu Bakr looked and saw Allah's Apostle. Allah's Apostle beckoned him to stay at his place. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah for that order of Allah's Apostle and then he retreated till he reached the first row. Allah's Apostle went forward and led the prayer. When Allah's Apostle finished the prayer, he said, "O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from staying when I ordered you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "How can Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) dare to lead the prayer in the presence of Allah's Apostle?" Then Allah's Apostle said, "Why did you clap so much? If something happens to anyone during his prayer he should say Subhan Allah. If he says so he will be attended to, for clapping is for women." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 653: Narrated Malik bin Huwairth: We went to the Prophet and we were all young men and stayed with him for about twenty nights. The Prophet was very merciful. He said, "When you return home, impart religious teachings to your families and tell them to offer perfectly such and such a prayer at such and such a time and such and such a prayer at such and such a time. And al the time of the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 654: Narrated Itban bin Malik Al-Ansari: The Prophet (came to my house and) asked permission for entering and I allowed him. He asked, "Where do you like me to pray in your house?" I pointed to a place which I liked. He stood up for prayer and we aligned behind him and he finished the prayer with Taslim and we did the same. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 655: Narrated 'Ubaid-Ullah Ibn 'Abdullah bin 'Utba: I went to 'Aisha and asked her to describe to me the illness of Allah's Apostle. 'Aisha said, "Yes. The Prophet became seriously ill and asked whether the people had prayed. We replied, 'No. O Allah's Apostle! They are waiting for you.' He added, 'Put water for me in a trough." 'Aisha added, "We did so. He took a bath and tried to get up but fainted. When he recovered, he again asked whether the people had prayed. We said, 'No, they are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle,' He again said, 'Put water in a trough for me.' He sat down and took a bath and tried to get up but fainted again. Then he recovered and said, 'Have the people prayed?' We replied, 'No, they are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle.' He said, 'Put water for me in the trough.' Then he sat down and washed himself and tried to get up but he fainted. When he recovered, he asked, 'Have the people prayed?' We said, 'No, they are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle! The people were in the mosque waiting for the Prophet for the 'Isha prayer. The Prophet sent for Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. The messenger went to Abu Bakr and said, 'Allah's Apostle orders you to lead the people in the prayer.' Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man, so he asked 'Umar to lead the prayer but 'Umar replied, 'You are more rightful.' So Abu Bakr led the prayer in those days. When the Prophet felt a bit better, he came out for the Zuhr prayer with the help of two persons one of whom was Al-'Abbas. while Abu Bakr was leading the people in the prayer. When Abu Bakr saw him he wanted to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him not to do so and asked them to make him sit beside Abu Bakr and they did so. Abu Bakr was following the Prophet (in the prayer) and the people were following Abu Bakr. The Prophet (prayed) sitting." 'Ubaid-Ullah added "I went to 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas and asked him, Shall I tell you what Aisha has told me about the fatal illness of the Prophet?' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'Go ahead. I told him her narration and he did not deny anything of it but asked whether 'Aisha told me the name of the second person (who helped the Prophet ) along with Al-Abbas. I said. 'No.' He said, 'He was 'Ali (Ibn Abi Talib). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 656: Narrated Aisha: the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle during his illness prayed at his house while sitting whereas some people prayed behind him standing. The Prophet beckoned them to sit down. On completion of the prayer, he said, 'The Imam is to be followed: bow when he bows, raise up your heads (stand erect) when he raises his head and when he says, 'Sami a-l-lahu liman-hamida ' (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him) say then 'Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd' (O our Lord! All the praises are for You), and if he prays sitting then pray sitting." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 657: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once Allah's Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the right side (of his body) was injured. He offered one of the prayers while sitting and we also prayed behind him sitting. When he completed the prayer, he said, "The Imam is to be followed. Pray standing if he prays standing and bow when he bows; rise when he rises; and if he says, 'Sami a-l-lahu-liman hamida, say then, 'Rabbana wa Lakal-hamd' and pray standing if he prays standing and pray sitting (all of you) if he prays sitting." Humaid said: The saying of the Prophet "Pray sitting, if he (Imam) prays sitting" was said in his former illness (during his early life) but the Prophet prayed sitting afterwards (in the last illness) and the people were praying standing behind him and the Prophet did not order them to sit. We should follow the latest actions of the Prophet. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 658: Narrated Al-Bara: (and he was not a liar) When Allah's Apostle said, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida " none of us bent his back (for prostrations) till the Prophet prostrated and then we would prostrate after him. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 659: Narrated Abu Ishaq: as above. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 660: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Isn't he who raises his head before the Imam afraid that Allah may transform his head into that of a donkey or his figure (face) into that of a donkey?" -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 661: Narrated Ibn 'Umar: When the earliest emigrants came to Al-'Usba a place in Quba', before the arrival of the Prophet- Salim, the slave of Abu Hudhaifa, who knew the Qur'an more than the others used to lead them in prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 662: Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Listen and obey (your chief) even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 663: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If the Imam leads the prayer correctly then he and you will receive the rewards but if he makes a mistake (in the prayer) then you will receive the reward for the prayer and the sin will be his." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 664: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said to Abu-Dhar, "Listen and obey (your chief) even if he is an Ethiopian with a head like a raisin." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 665: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Once I passed the night in the house of my aunt Maimuna. Allah's Apostle offered the 'Isha' prayer and then came to the house and offered four Rakat an slept. Later on, he woke up and stood for the prayer and I stood on his left side. He drew me to his right and prayed five Rakat and then two. He then slept till I heard him snoring (or heard his breath sounds). Afterwards he went out for the morning prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 666: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: One night I slept at the house of (my aunt) Maimuna and the Prophet was there on that night. He performed ablution and stood up for the prayer. I joined him and stood on his left side but he drew me to his right and prayed thirteen Rakat and then slept till I heard his breath sounds. And whenever he slept, he used to breathe with audible sounds. The Mu'adhdhin came to the Prophet and he went out and prayed the morning prayer) without repeating the ablution. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 667: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Once I passed the night in the house of my aunt Maimuna. The Prophet stood for the night prayer and I joined him and stood on his left side but he drew me to his right by holding me by the head. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 668: Narrated Mu'adh bin Jabal: I used to pray the 'Isha prayer with the Prophet and then go to lead my people in the prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 669: Narrated 'Amr: Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, "Mu'adh bin Jabal used to pray with the Prophet and then go to lead his people in prayer Once he led the 'Isha' prayer and recited Surat "Al-Baqra." Somebody left the prayer and Mu'adh criticized him. The news reached the Prophet and he said to Mu'adh, 'You are putting the people to trial,' and repeated it thrice (or said something similar) and ordered him to recite two medium Suras of Mufassal." ('Amr said that he had forgotten the names of those Suras). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 670: Narrated Abu Mas'ud: A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I keep away from the morning prayer only because So and so prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it." The narrator said, "I never saw Allah's Apostle more furious in giving advice than he was at that time. He then said, "Some of you make people dislike good deeds (the prayer). So whoever among you leads the people in prayer should shorten it because among them are the weak, the old and the needy." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 671: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you leads the people in the prayer, he should shorten it for amongst them are the weak, the sick and the old; and if anyone among your prays alone then he may prolong (the prayer) as much as he wishes. " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 672: Narrated Abu Mas'ud: A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I keep away from the morning prayer because so-and-so (Imam) prolongs it too much." Allah's Apostle became furious and I had never seen him more furious than he was on that day. The Prophet said, "O people! Some of you make others dislike the prayer, so whoever becomes an Imam he should shorten the prayer, as behind him are the weak, the old and the needy.'' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 673: Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah Al-Ansari: Once a man was driving two Nadihas (camels used for agricultural purposes) and night had fallen. He found Mu'adh praying so he made his camel kneel and joined Mu'adh in the prayer. The latter recited Surat 'AlBaqara" or Surat "An-Nisa", (so) the man left the prayer and went away. When he came to know that Mu'adh had criticized him, he went to the Prophet, and complained against Mu'adh. The Prophet said thrice, "O Mu'adh ! Are you putting the people to trial?" It would have been better if you had recited "Sabbih Isma Rabbika-l-a-la (87)", Wash-Shamsi wadu-haha (91)", or "Wal-laili Idha yaghsha (92)", for the old, the weak and the needy pray behind you." Jabir said that Mu'adh recited Sura Al-Baqara in the 'Isha' prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 674: Narrated Anas: The Prophet used to pray a short prayer (in congregation) but used to offer it in a perfect manner. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 675: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abi Qatada: My father said, "The Prophet said, 'When I stand for prayer, I intend to prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut it short, as I dislike to trouble the child's mother.' " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 676: Narrated Anas bin Malik: I never prayed behind any Imam a prayer lighter and more perfect than that behind the Prophet and he used to cut short the prayer whenever he heard the cries of a child lest he should put the child's mother to trial. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 677: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "When I start the prayer I intend to prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of the child will incite its mother's passions." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 678: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet, said, "Whenever I start the prayer I intend to prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of the child will incite its mother's passions." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 679: Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: Mu'adh used to pray with the Prophet and then go and lead his people (tribe) in the prayer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 680: Narrated 'Aisha: When the Prophet, became ill in his fatal illness, Someone came to inform him about the prayer, and the Prophet told him to tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. I said, "Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands for the prayer in your place, he would weep and would not be able to recite the Qur'an." The Prophet said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer." I said the same as before. He (repeated the same order and) on the third or the fourth time he said, "You are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer." So Abu Bakr led the prayer and meanwhile the Prophet felt better and came out with the help of two men; as if I see him just now dragging his feet on the ground. When Abu Bakr saw him, he tried to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to carry on. Abu Bakr retreated a bit and the Prophet sat on his (left) side. Abu Bakr was repeating the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) of Allah's Apostle for the people to hear. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 681: Narrated 'Aisha: When Allah's Apostle became seriously ill, Bilal came to him for the prayer. He said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands in your place, he would not be able to make the people hear him. Will you order 'Umar (to lead the prayer)?" The Prophet said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." Then I said to Hafsa, "Tell him, Abu i Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands in his place, he would not be able to make the people hear him. Would you order 'Umar to lead the prayer?' " Hafsa did so. The Prophet said, "Verily you are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." So Abu- Bakr stood for the prayer. In the meantime Allah's Apostle felt better and came out with the help of two persons and both of his legs were dragging on the ground till he entered the mosque. When Abu Bakr heard him coming, he tried to retreat but Allah's Apostle beckoned him to carry on. The Prophet sat on his left side. Abu Bakr was praying while standing and Allah's Apostle was leading the prayer while sitting. Abu Bakr was following the Prophet and the people were following Abu Bakr (in the prayer). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 682: Narrated Abu Huraira: Once Allah's Apostle prayed two Rakat (instead of four) and finished his prayer. Dhu-l-yadain asked him whether the prayer had been reduced or whether he had forgotten. Allah's Apostle asked the people whether Dhu-l-yadain was telling the truth. The people replied in the affirmative. Then Allah's Apostle stood up, offered the remaining two Rakat and then finished his prayer with Taslim and then said, "Allahu Akbar." He followed it with two prostrations like ordinary prostrations or a bit longer. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 683: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet prayed two Rakat of Zuhr prayer (instead of four) and he was told that he had prayed two Rakat only. Then he prayed two more Rakat and finished them with the Taslim followed by two prostrations. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 684: Narrated 'Aisha: the mother of the faithful believers: Allah's Apostle in his last illness said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." I said, "If Abu Bakr stood in your place, he would not be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping. So please order 'Umar to lead the prayer." He said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." I said to Hafsa, "Say to him, 'Abu Bakr is a softhearted man and if he stood in your place he would not be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping. So order 'Umar to lead the people in the prayer.' " Hafsa did so but Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet. Verily you are the companions of (Prophet) Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer." Hafsa said to me, "I never got any good from you." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 685: Narrated An-Nu'man bin 'Bashir: The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows or Allah will alter your faces." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 686: Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows, for I see you from behind my back.' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 687: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once the Iqama was pronounced and Allah's Apostle faced us and said, "Straighten your rows and stand closer together, for I see you from behind my back.' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 688: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Martyrs are those who die because of drowning, plague, an abdominal disease, or of being buried alive by a falling building." And then he added, "If the people knew the Reward for the Zuhr prayer in its early time, they would race for it. If they knew the reward for the 'Isha' and the Fajr prayers in congregation, they would join them even if they had to crawl. If they knew the reward for the first row, they would draw lots for it." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 689: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Imam is (appointed) to be followed. So do not differ from him, bow when he bows, and say, "Rabbana-lakal hamd" if he says "Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida"; and if he prostrates, prostrate (after him), and if he prays sitting, pray sitting all together, and straighten the rows for the prayer, as the straightening of the rows is amongst those things which make your prayer a correct and perfect one. (See Hadith No. 657). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 690: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows as the straightening of rows is essential for a perfect and correct prayer. " -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 691: Narrated Anas bin Malik: I arrived at Medina and was asked whether I found any change since the days of Allah's Apostle. I said, "I have not found any change except that you do not stand in alignment in your prayers." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 692: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows for I see you from behind my back." Anas added, "Everyone of us used to put his shoulder with the shoulder of his companion and his foot with the foot of his companion." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 693: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: I prayed with the Prophet one night and stood on his left side. Allah's Apostle caught hold of my head from behind and drew me to his right and then offered the prayer and slept. Later the Mu'adh-dhin came and the Prophet stood up for prayer without performing ablution. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 694: Narrated Anas bin Malik: One night an orphan and I offered the prayers behind the Prophet in my house and my mother (Um Sulaim) was standing behind us (by herself forming a row). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 695: Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: One night I stood to the left of the Prophet in the prayer but he caught hold of me by the hand or by the shoulder (arm) till he made me stand on his right and beckoned with his hand (for me) to go from behind (him). (Al-Kashmaihani-Fateh al-Bari). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 696: Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to pray in his room at night. As the wall of the room was LOW, the people saw him and some of them stood up to follow him in the prayer. In the morning they spread the news. The following night the Prophet stood for the prayer and the people followed him. This went on for two or three nights. Thereupon Allah's Apostle did not stand for the prayer the following night, and did not come out. In the morning, the people asked him about it. He replied, that he way afraid that the night prayer might become compulsory. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 697: Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet had a mat which he used to spread during the day and use as a curtain at night. So a number of people gathered at night facing it and prayed behind him. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Volume 1, Book 11, Number 698: Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Apostle made a small room in the month of Ramadan (Sa'id said, "I think that Zaid bin Thabit said that it was made of a mat") and he prayed there for a few nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the morning, he went out to them and said, "I have seen and understood what you did. You should pray in your houses, for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his house except the compulsory prayers."
5 Sep 2008
618
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On September 3, 2008, George Norey the host of Coast to Coast which is heard in the US on over 500 Stations and through out the world, interviewed Steve Qualye. The bottom line is that Russia has given NATO 21 DAYS to Exit the Black Sea. Could this be the start of something big? Could this postpone the USA Election? There is so much more I could write but I will let the video stand for itself. This is a serious warning and could create all kinds of problems world wide. The US Government will be "technically" Bankrupt as of September 30th, so we will see. Please feel free to down load this video, post it on your own channel, rate it and send it on. Blessings to all of you who have subscribed and believe in individual from. Cheers for now, From the Southern Hemisphere. You know, the God zone, in New Zealand. Here is what the news said today about what is happening.....(no this is not a US report, they only have entertainment in the US, no real news). A US Navy flagship carrying humanitarian aid yesterday steamed into a Georgian port where Russian troops are still stationed, stoking tensions once again in the tinderbox Caucasus region. A previous trip by US warships was cancelled at the last minute a week ago amid fears that an armed stand-off could intensify in the Black Sea port of Poti. The arrival of the USS Mount Whitney, flagship of the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean, came as Moscow accused Dick Cheney, the hawkish US Vice-President, of stoking tensions during a visit to Tbilisi this week. After meeting President Saakashvili, Mr Cheney vowed to bring Georgia into the Nato alliance. Russia sees such moves as Western encroachment on its traditional sphere of influence. Russia's leaders have accused previous US warships that docked at the port of Batumi, to the south, of delivering weapons to re-arm the smashed Georgian military — charges that Washington denied. Related Links * Cheney delivers warning to Moscow * Britain values unity in Nato over Georgia * Georgia linked to Nato early warning system While Russia again questioned the deployment of what it described as "the number one ship of its type in the US Navy" in the Black Sea, it said that it planned no military action in response. The Russian Army has kept a small component of soldiers in Poti, where Georgian officials accuse them of looting port authority buildings. "Naval ships of that class can hardly deliver a large amount of aid," said Andrei Nesterenko, a Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman. "Such ships have a hold for keeping provisions for the crew and items needed for sailing. How many tonnes of aid can a ship of that type deliver?" He said that the presence of US warships could contravene international conventions governing shipping in the Black Sea, and in particular restrictions on the entry of naval ships from countries that do not share a Black Sea coastline. The small Russian garrison in Poti would pose no military threat to a vessel like the Mount Whitney, but the proximity of two hostile forces in such a fraught environment set the political temperature rising again in the Caucasus a month after Russia's five-day war with Georgia. Moscow, which followed up its crushing military defeat of Georgia by unilaterally recognising two of its breakaway provinces, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, was angry that Mr Cheney still insisted on Georgia's entrance into the Atlantic alliance — something several key Nato members oppose. "The new promises to Tbilisi relating to the speedy membership of Nato strengthen the Saakashvili regime's dangerous feeling of impunity and encourages its dangerous ambitions," said Mr Nesterenko. Visiting Kiev, the Ukrainian capital yesterday, Mr Cheney kept up his tough anti-Russian rhetoric when he urged Ukraine's squabbling pro-Western leaders to unite in the face of threats to the country's security. He met President Yushchenko and Yuliya Tymoshenko, the Prime Minister, and told them that Ukraine's best hope was to be "united with other democracies". Mr Yushchenko has accused his former Orange Revolution ally of siding with Russia in the war with Georgia, an allegation she denies. The split led to the collapse of Ukraine's coalition Government on Tuesday. After endorsing Georgia's application, Mr Cheney said that the US was also committed to Ukraine's membership of Nato. Konstantin Kosachyov, head of the foreign affairs committee in Russia's lower house, accused Mr Cheney of forging an "anti-Russian axis".
15 Sep 2008
4904
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*******www.instablogs****/ Pope backs President Sarkozy on positive secularism The pontiff in his speech at the Elysee Palace should have refrained from advocating change in the French secular tradition, wherein he called for a more open approach to secularism which would accept Christian roots of French society. The Pope may be widely popular in France but he has no authority to dictate the dos and don’ts of French secularism. France is a staunchly secular nation. The separation between the church and the state is enshrined in the national identity and that should remain so. The notion of Positive secularism propounded by President Sarkozy and supported by Pope Benedict XVI that allows space for religion in public life cannot be allowed to pollute the French ideal of secularism. We are living in a world that is fast succumbing to fundamentalist fanaticism, and any measure that allows religion a free play in public life would constitute an act of provocation, proselytism or propaganda that would harm the dignity or freedom of other people. The Pope should come up with a better idea to instill Christian beliefs in French Catholics. Israel protests against Iranian threats Protest by the Israeli state is rightly justified. Iran needs to understand that we do not live in a perfect world and that whatever we give comes back to us. Comments by Israeli officials should be seen in the light of Iranian threat to eradicate Israel from the world map. No one in Israel would be interested in kidnapping Ahmadinejad and no Israeli likes war. But then what can be done to ensure the security and viability of the Israeli state, surrounded by rogue bodies bent on destroying it. It must be understood that the Jewish state of Israel is not at war with Hamas or Hezbollah that are pawns of Iran – who is responsible for the funding, creation and arming of both the terrorist organizations. The world should understand that no amount of territorial concession by Israel, be it in west bank or Gaza strip, can wipe out the Iranian desire to annihilate Jewish state. The Israeli comment denotes the anger and frustration that pervades the Israeli mindset when Iran threatens it time and again by flaunting its nuclear intentions. Japan may withdraw military from Iraq Very soon Japan too will join the list of countries that supported operations in Iraq at one point of time and pulled out since. The withdrawal is probably one of the reasons for decline in the spate of violence within Iraq. Now, are policy makers in United Kingdom watching the trend? The presence of American and British forces in Iraq has so far only exacerbated the bloodshed in the country. Iraq no longer requires foreign troop presence to uphold democracy. As long as the Iraqi government was calling for political and military assistance there was a moral obligation to provide it. Now with things normalizing Britain should leave Iraqis to mend for themselves. Ensuring a running thriving democracy within Iraq is their problem Britain should stop acting like a godfather to them in state affairs. Prime Minister Gordon Brown must recall the troops from Iraq immediately before the British electorate votes him out next year. Crime within Mexico hitting a new high Crime within Mexico is hitting a new high each day. This in spite of government efforts to scale down violence through deployment of 36,000 troops within the country. However, one thing that could turn the tide is public frustration. Recent march by nearly a 100,000 Mexicans throughout the country registers a strong protest against the protracted epidemic of violent killings, kidnappings and shootouts. At least it would pressurize the government to strengthen crime fighting efforts. Ordinary Mexicans can’t move around freely without of being robbed, looted or even killed. Mexico needs to discipline its faltering police force. It is notoriously famous for its alliances with the drug gangs and extorting money. The authorities should immediately push reforms and purge the corrupt police officers. Mexicans should continue expressing their frustrations with greater vigor until the out-of-control drug cartels and shameful kidnappers preying on innocent families are subdued.
16 Sep 2008
222
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High End Wine Driven Restaurant in Henderson Nevada Focuses on World Cuisine -- Private Chef opens Very Private Restaurant (Henderson NV August 17th 2008 ) On August 7th 2008 Fine Dining entered a new orbit in Henderson Nevada when Hawaii-born, Henderson-based Private Chef Don Espaniola opened the doors of his aptly named restaurant with his delectable menu. Espaniola calls it 'Intimate Fine Dining' and that is exactly what they offer. Chef Don, who is known for preparing delightful, star-worthy meals for his wealthy foodie clients in the privacy of their own homes, prepares everything at his eight table, reservation only restaurant. Espaniola has been private chef to the likes of Lance Burton and Blue Man Group during his tenor in Las Vegas. . After culinary college, he had the opportunity to work and experience the exceptional kitchen of the Emeril Lagasse's Delmonico Steakhouse. 'Intimate' is tucked back into the shopping center - at the NW corner of Valle Verde and Horizon Ridge Parkway- that already has a strong reputation among local foodies and food critics due to the presence of Two Sisters Tea Room, Settebello Pizzeria Neapolitan and the Valley Cheese & Wine Store, three of Henderson's most buzz-worthy food destinations. Intimate fine dining has already been called the" zenith of fine dining' in Henderson. At 'Intimate' Don and his small staff focus all week long on producing an unparalleled culinary adventure of a few singularly exceptional six to ten course meals . There is only one seating at 7:30pm and they are only open three nights a week. The rest of the week, "we are sourcing our ingredients from several specialty purveyors and messing around in the kitchen coming up with dishes. We like to have everything planned out and tasted by Tuesday for dinner on Thursday. People have no idea how much it takes just to make even a few ten course meals perfectly," the Chef says. That kind of preparation is evident in several of his dishes from the first week's menu which was designed to please even the most discerning palates, such as an ingenious take on the classic caprese salad featuring warm, melting homemade mozzarella on one end and a scoop of basil sorbet on the other, insulated from each other by a fat slice of heirloom tomato. Other standouts included Buffalo Short Rib braised in Fat Tire Ale and Sweet Chile Sauce, a Foie Gras dish with Coconut-Banana French Toast and Tamarind Maple Syrup and the Whole Boneless Squab stuffed with homemade sausage and black summer truffles. You get all of this plus three more courses and a choice from any of the entrees available that night for just under a hundred dollars. A ten course tasting menu has smaller portions of all ten menu items for one fifty five. The elegant and sophisticated restaurant in Henderson offers the perfect mix of upscale ambiance and comfort. Want to know what it's like to have a meal privately catered for you and a few friends? At 'Intimate' you'll share the dining room with a sparse few others and be attended to by the staff of five in a restaurant the size of a lone server's section at other places. The Maitre D' and two servers pamper the guests with their seamless service and impressive juggling of six to ten wines per person per meal. Chef Don also presents some of the dishes personally and stops by to 'touch table' several times during the night. "For the last several years I've had the fortune to be creating exceptional food in the homes of some of the most discerning individuals I've ever met, I wanted to bring this intimacy to the fine dining experience, and without sacrificing the whole concept by doing this among the hordes of people in town. We want the restaurant to be an escape, where time stops for a few hours while you're talking and eating and drinking wine. That's why I made this restaurant the way that I did," Espaniola says. Intimate Fine Dining offers a fine dining experience so sinfully delicious, it should be forbidden WHAT An Exceptional Dining Experience with 6 course meal paired with wine by private chef Don Espaniola WHERE: Intimate Fine Dining 1770 Horizon Ridge Pkwy. Suite #100 Henderson, NV 89012 www.IntimateLV**** FOR RESERVATIONS Call 702 . 270 . 3463 VISA, MASTERCARD, AMEX accepted Intimate Fine Dining can take reservations any night for large groups to use the room. Max seating is 40. They also have a projector and screen that can be set up for "presentations" if needed. Reservations Required. Private Chef's Table Experience Available.
23 Sep 2008
717
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High End Wine Driven Restaurant in Henderson Nevada Focuses on World Cuisine -- Private Chef opens Very Private Restaurant (SEPTEMBER 22, 2008 - Las Vegas/Henderson, Nevada - Vegas Buzz News Network) On August 7th 2008 Fine Dining entered a new orbit in Henderson Nevada when Hawaii-born, Henderson-based Private Chef Don Espaniola opened the doors of his aptly named restaurant with his delectable menu. Espaniola calls it 'Intimate Fine Dining' and that is exactly what they offer. Chef Don, who is known for preparing delightful, star-worthy meals for his wealthy foodie clients in the privacy of their own homes, prepares everything at his eight table, reservation only restaurant. Espaniola has been private chef to the likes of Lance Burton and Blue Man Group during his tenor in Las Vegas. . After culinary college, he had the opportunity to work and experience the exceptional kitchen of the Emeril Lagasse's Delmonico Steakhouse. 'Intimate' is tucked back into the shopping center - at the NW corner of Valle Verde and Horizon Ridge Parkway- that already has a strong reputation among local foodies and food critics due to the presence of Two Sisters Tea Room, Settebello Pizzeria Neapolitan and the Valley Cheese & Wine Store, three of Henderson's most buzz-worthy food destinations. Intimate fine dining has already been called the" zenith of fine dining' in Henderson. At 'Intimate' Don and his small staff focus all week long on producing an unparalleled culinary adventure of a few singularly exceptional six to ten course meals . There is only one seating at 7:30pm and they are only open three nights a week. The rest of the week, "we are sourcing our ingredients from several specialty purveyors and messing around in the kitchen coming up with dishes. We like to have everything planned out and tasted by Tuesday for dinner on Thursday. People have no idea how much it takes just to make even a few ten course meals perfectly," the Chef says. That kind of preparation is evident in several of his dishes from the first week's menu which was designed to please even the most discerning palates, such as an ingenious take on the classic caprese salad featuring warm, melting homemade mozzarella on one end and a scoop of basil sorbet on the other, insulated from each other by a fat slice of heirloom tomato. Other standouts included Buffalo Short Rib braised in Fat Tire Ale and Sweet Chile Sauce, a Foie Gras dish with Coconut-Banana French Toast and Tamarind Maple Syrup and the Whole Boneless Squab stuffed with homemade sausage and black summer truffles. You get all of this plus three more courses and a choice from any of the entrees available that night for just under a hundred dollars. A ten course tasting menu has smaller portions of all ten menu items for one fifty five. The elegant and sophisticated restaurant in Henderson offers the perfect mix of upscale ambiance and comfort. Want to know what it's like to have a meal privately catered for you and a few friends? At 'Intimate' you'll share the dining room with a sparse few others and be attended to by the staff of five in a restaurant the size of a lone server's section at other places. The Maitre D' and two servers pamper the guests with their seamless service and impressive juggling of six to ten wines per person per meal. Chef Don also presents some of the dishes personally and stops by to 'touch table' several times during the night. "For the last several years I've had the fortune to be creating exceptional food in the homes of some of the most discerning individuals I've ever met, I wanted to bring this intimacy to the fine dining experience, and without sacrificing the whole concept by doing this among the hordes of people in town. We want the restaurant to be an escape, where time stops for a few hours while you're talking and eating and drinking wine. That's why I made this restaurant the way that I did," Espaniola says. Intimate Fine Dining offers a fine dining experience so sinfully delicious, it should be forbidden WHAT An Exceptional Dining Experience with 6 course meal paired with wine by private chef Don Espaniola WHERE: Intimate Fine Dining 1770 Horizon Ridge Pkwy. Suite #100 Henderson, NV 89012 www.IntimateLV**** FOR RESERVATIONS Call 702 . 270 . 3463 VISA, MASTERCARD, AMEX accepted Intimate Fine Dining can take reservations any night for large groups to use the room. Max seating is 40. They also have a projector and screen that can be set up for "presentations" if needed. Reservations Required. Private Chef's Table Experience Available.
24 Sep 2008
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Piri Reis was an Ottoman admiral born around 1465, in Gallipoli on the Dardanelles. He began to serve as a privateer in the Ottoman Navy as a youth and after many years of fighting against Spanish, Genoese and Venetian navies, he rose to the rank of Reis (Admiral). Following his defeat in 1554 (when he was about 90 years old) against the Portuguese navy in the Red Sea, the sultan ordered him beheaded. He is best known for his maps and charts collected in his Book of the Sea. He gained his fame as a map maker after a small part of his world map (prepared in 1513) was discovered in 1929, in Istanbul. The most interesting points of the map were its accuracy and a small continent that seemed to be linked to the southernmost tip of Southern America. Various people including Charles Hapgood and Erich von Daniken considered this as a sign for the discovery of the continent of Antarctica a many centuries before the traditionally accepted date and even as a proof for the presence of extraterrestrial civilizations, which were supposed to have drawn the original map.
29 Sep 2008
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WOOD AND UNDERWATER LEAVES BURN IN THE PRESENCE OF WATER. TESTING THE 22.5" FRESNEL LENS
10 Nov 2008
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