1. One who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious principles.
2. One who makes great sacrifices or suffers much in order to further a belief, cause, or principle.
In general order of appearance in this montage:
1919 lynching of William Brown
in Douglas County, Nebraska,
burned on train tracks.
Thích Quong Ðuc who endured self-immolation as protest to the persecution of Buddhists by the Southern Vietamese Diem regime.
His last words were:
"Before closing my eyes and moving towards the vision of the Buddha, I respectfully plead to President Ngo Dinh Diem to take a mind of compassion towards the people of the nation and implement religious equality to maintain the strength of the homeland eternally. I call the venerables, reverends, members of the sangha and the lay Buddhists to organise in solidarity to make sacrifices to protect Buddhism."
Then he chanted "Nam Mô A Di Ðà Phet" ("homage to Amitabha Buddha") before striking a match and dropping it on himself.
Jeremiah Logora, a Christian pastor in Sudan tortured for defending six young boys accused of being spies by a band of Muslim soldiers.
The Red Cloud Delegation leaders of the Lakota.
Determined to resist by any means necessary,
the theft of their land after a violation of a treaty by the United States government .They continued to fight, winning several military victories, resulting in a new treaty, The Treaty of Fort Laramie.
A Jewish man being searched in the street by Nazi police in Poland.
Anti War protest in Spain, 2005.
Spanish invader Vasco Nunez de Balboa (1475-1519) shown in Central America with troops, presiding over the execution of Indians; Engraving by Th?odore De Bry (1528-1598); New York Public Library, Rare Book Room, De Bry Collection, New York
St.Bartholomew, was beaten, then flayed and skinned alive, with each skinning given opportunity to renounce his faith. Afterwards he was crucified upside -down and lastly beheaded. Maiden Tower in Baku, Azerbaijan
Abu Ghraib detainee threatend attack by dogs.
1864 poster calling to arms american ciizens for the manhunt , capture and murder of Native American Indians with plundered belongings of them used as recompense.
1906 lynching and 5 men hanging.
Charles Graner beating one detainee in a pile of detainees.
Spanish Inquisition toture tehniques.
Concentration camp victims being tortured by a Nazi SS.
St. Peter crucified upside-down for refusing to renounce his faith in Rome.
A nazi soldier aiming to shoot down a mother and her child.
Christ Crowned with Thorns (1495-1500)
by Dutch artist Hieronymus Bosch
A Jewsih family in Nazi Germany wearing the Star of David.
Double lynching of Abram Smith 19, and Thomas Shipp 18 --Lynched to death in Marion, Indiana August 7, 1930
martyr, saint, redemption, Abu Ghraib, opression, resistance,peace