La Marseillaise / France National Anthem [18+]

By: Stonewallmatze


Uploaded on May 29, 2008 by Stonewallmatze Powered by YouTube

"La Marseillaise" is a song written and composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg on April 25, 1792. Its original name was "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and it was dedicated to Marshal Nicolas Luckner, a Bavarian-born French officer from Cham. It became the rallying call of the French Revolution and received its name because it was first sung on the streets by volunteers (fédérés) from Marseille upon their arrival in Paris after a young volunteer from Montpellier called François Mireur had sung it at a patriotic gathering in Marseilles. A freshly graduated medical doctor, Mireur later became a general with Bonaparte and died in Egypt at 28.

Music was adapted from "Variazioni sulla Marsigliese per violino e orchestra" written by the Italian composer Giovanni Battista Viotti in 1784.

Its lyrics are heavily oriented toward Prussian and Austrian armies which were attacking France at the time (Strasbourg itself was attacked just a few days after). The Battle of Valmy turned the tables.

The Marseillaise was screamed during the Levée en Masse and met with huge success. The Levée en Masse allowed it to become famous across all of France.

The Convention accepted it as the French national anthem in a decree passed on Bastille Day, 1795, but it was then banned successively by Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, and Napoleon III, only being reinstated briefly after the July Revolution of 1830 and then permanently in 1879. During Napoleon III's reign Partant pour la Syrie was the unofficial anthem of the regime.

Vive la France!

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