Boccia can be played by individuals, pairs, or teams of three. The aim of the game is to throw leather balls - coloured red or blue (which side gets which is determined by a coin toss) - as close as they can to a white target ball, or jack. The jack is thrown first, then each side takes turns to propel their ball towards the jack. The balls can be moved with hands, feet, or, if the competitor's disability is severe, with an assistive device. At the end of each round, or end, the referee measures the distance of the balls closest to the jack, and awards points accordingly - one point for each ball that is closer to the jack than the opponent's closest ball. The team/player with the highest number of points at the end of play is the winner.
The number of ends and balls in each end depends on the side makeup. Individual competition consists of four ends and six balls per player per end, whilst paired competition is four ends and six balls per pair per end (three per player). Team competition is six ends, and six balls per team per end (two per player). Boccia (pronounced [ˡbɒtʃə], BOCH-ə) is a sport for athletes with a disability. Similar to bocce, it is designed to be played by people with cerebral palsy and other locomotor disabilities affecting motor skills. It is a Paralympic sport, played in over forty countries worldwide. Boccia is governed by the Cerebral Palsy International Sport and Recreation Association. It is a sport at the Summer Paralympic Games, first included at the New York games in 1984. It is one of three Paralympic sports that have no counterpart in the Olympic program. O que é o Boccia? Boccia é um jogo de lançamento de bolas, inspirado num jogo praticado na antiga Grécia do qual descenderam jogos tão distintos como o bowling e a petanca.O Boccia foi originalmente concebido para ser jogado por pessoas com paralisia cerebral, mas tornou-se tão popular que hoje em dia é praticado por muitas outras pessoas.A popularidade deste jogo alastrou de tal forma por todo o mundo, que o Boccia ganhou dimensões de desporto federado num grande número de países.Em 1984, o Boccia foi reconhecido como modalidade paralímpica e é uma das mais disputada a nível das competições internacionais, desde a Dinamarca à Nova Zelândia.
Como se joga o Boccia? Boccia é um jogo de pavilhão que pode ser jogado em singulares, pares ou em equipas e 3 jogadores, O campo de jogo tem 12,5 metros de comprimento por 6 de largura.
Cada jogador ou equipa dispõe de 6 bolas vermelhas para uma equipa e 6 azuis para a equipa contrária. Existe ainda uma bola branca (bola alvo), e que é atirada, à vez, por cada uma das equipas, seguindo-se as bolas de cor.
O objectivo é lançar as bolas de cor o mais próximo possível da bola branca.
Cada jogo possui quatro parciais nos jogo de singulares ou pares e seis parciais nos jogos de equipas.Os pontos contam-se no final de cada parcial, sendo atribuído um ponto por cada bola que esteja mais próxima da bola branca até ser encontrada a primeira do adversário.Boccia can be played on a recreational or competitive basis. Competitions are organized locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally. The international competition calendar is based on the Summer Paralympic Games quadrennial, with international regional championships in the first year, world championships in the second year, world cup, in the third year, and the Paralympic games in the fourth year.
There are approximately 200 internationally-ranked boccia players. Athletes from 29 countries attended the 2006 Boccia World Championships, and 21 countries participated in the team competition. The Iberian countries have conquered most of the medals as both Portugal and Spain dominate the sport.
179 athletes from 24 countries and regions attended the 2007 Boccia World Cup during May 9-19, 2007 in Vancouver, BC, Canada for their last opportunity for classification and achieve international ranking for the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing
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