BY YIQIAN ZHANG
ANCHOR ANA COMPAIN-ROMERO
You're watching multisource politics news analysis from Newsy.
“While Americans are watching the situation in Japan, many on the West Coast are trying to protect themselves in case of radiation fallout. People there are rushing to buy potassium iodide. It’s an over-the-counter drug that protects the thyroid from radiation.” (KRCG)
In some places such as Los Angeles, the pills are sold out. But does potassium iodide even protect against radiation? A writer for medical blog WebMD says, not really.
“It’s important to note that potassium iodide pills protect only the thyroid. They don’t prevent your body from taking in the radiation and don’t help prevent radiation damage to other parts of the body.” (WebMD)
And a health expert tells Fox News- the risks associated with the medicine may not be worth it.
“It can cause thyroid disease, it can cause allergies, it can cause stomach upset, know as you are vomiting it can cause diarrhea…” (Fox News)
Regardless of whether the pills work- a health expert tells KSBW- the U.S. west coast isn’t exactly inside the radiation zone.
“The evacuation zone they are moving people to is 12 miles from the nuclear plant. That’s what they are saying is a safe area. We are from five to seven thousand miles from there. Do the math.” (KSBW)
But an editor for Bay Citizen argues- with all the ambiguous reports about the radiation levels, it makes sense- people are scared.
“Experts we spoke to seem convinced that no matter what happens at Fukushima Daiichi, a radiation cloud blowing across the Pacific won't pose any health hazards in California. But since we don't really know exactly what level of radiation exposure might cause long-term health problems, I'm not sure I believe this.” (Bay Citizen)
That editor went on to say definitive answers about radiation levels are in quote “maddeningly short supply.” Still - a BlogHer writer says that’s no reason to panic.
“You can either run around like a headless chicken, hightailing it to the closest pharmacy so you can buy hundreds of bottles of potassium iodide, while you constantly wonder when the world will cave in, or you can do your best to be informed -- then take a deep breath -- and let it go.” (BlogHer)
According to Google Insights, searches for “potassium iodide” and similar terms have increased more than 5,000 percent over the past week- but only in the U.S.
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Transcript by Newsy
Making Elephant toothpaste :D
Catalytic decomposition of Hydrogen peroxide by Potassium iodide. The Foam is produced by some soap which i added to Hydrogen peroxide.
2H2O2 + KI --> 2H2O + O2 + KI
A classic chemistry demonstration, also known as elephant's toothpaste.
Hydrogen peroxide is decomposed to form oxygen gas and water. When potassium iodide is added as a catalyst, the oxygen forms bubbles and creates a large volume of foam.
2H2O2 --> O2 + 2H2O
Music: Kevin MacLeod
Purely educational. Not as exciting as some demonstrations, but this DOES clearly illustrate the concept of conservation of mass.
When compounds react, no atoms are created or destroyed. This means that the end product must weigh the same as the inital reactants.
Here, lead nitrate and potassium iodide are both placed inside of a stoppered flask. They are kept seperate as one was placed inside of a test tube. When the flask is inverted, a double replacement reaction takes place. Since the stopper prevents anything from escaping, the end mass is still the same.
This is the reason that chemical equations need to be balanced. There are no new atoms being formed.
The yellow product is insoluble lead iodide.
Music: Kevin MacLeod
In this experiment we will make a oozing foamy batch of elephants toothpaste. We will use 30% Hydrogen Peroxide and catalyst of Sodium Iodide to create the eruption for the Elephants toothpaste. In the process we will instantly release oxygen, water, and heat in an exothermic reaction that decomposes the hydrogen peroxide. Dont try this at home without proper safety precautions and adult supervision. 30% Hydrogen peroxide is nasty stuff and can burn the skin on contact badly.
(S.E.P) Watch What Happens When You Mix These Two Small Clear Liquids Together... The Result May Surprise You...It Surprised Me--> And I Knew It Was Coming !!! Episode 1 Of Our ''Fun With Hydrogen Peroxide'' Series (A ShootingEggs Production)
A small piece of sodium metal is ignited and placed in a flask containing chlorine gas. The reaction produces a white smoke of sodium chloride(table salt).
Check out what happens when you mix Yeast with Peroxide. If you love science comment below what I should do next!
Check out more videos on my youtube channel: What Stuff?
Check this out..how simply a feather touch caused a mini explosion !!! This is because of greater sensitiveness of dry Nitrogen Iodide powder in dry atmosphere...simple school chemistry !!!
Lead(II) nitrate readily dissolves in water to give a clear colourless solution This solution reacts with soluble iodides such as potassium iodide to produce a precipitate of the bright orange-yellow lead(II) iodide. This reaction is often used to demonstrate precipitation, because of the striking colour change observed.
Pb(NO3)2(aq) + 2KI(aq) â PbI2(s) + 2 KNO3(aq)
Apart from lead(II) nitrate, lead(II) acetate is the only other common soluble lead compound. All other lead compounds are insoluble in water, even commonly very soluble chloride and sulfate salts such as lead(II) chloride and lead(II) sulfate. This means that lead(II) nitrate has particular importance as a starting point for the production of insoluble lead compounds via double decomposition.
The reaction of Aluminum metal and Iodine creates a plume of purple Iodine while creating glowing Aluminum Iodide. A Very interesting reaction.
The Chinese government promised and delivered a rain free opening ceremony to the delight of thousands in attendance and millions watching around the world. During the rainy season how did they do this? Simple, they seeding storm clouds with iodide before they blew into the capital city causing the rain to fall long before they reached Bejing.
Sound extreme? When it comes to technology triumphing over climate this is just the tip of the iceberg. Welcome to the 21st century and welcome to one of the hottest environmental debates about the planet right now, geoengineering.
Geoengineering is defined as the deliberate modification of Earth's environment on a large scale "to suit human needs and promote habitability"
Many geoengineering ideas sound like plots straight from 60’s sci-fi films such as launching mirrors into orbit to reflect the suns rays away from earth to seeding the ocean with iron oxide to to decrease greenhouse gases.
Now that a vast majority of the scientific community has agreed that global warming exists one goeengineering idea has began gaining widespread acceptance, and also gaining detractors, is launching tons of sulfur dioxide into the earths upper atmosphere. The Sulfar dioxide once in earths upper atmosphere will cause a chemical reaction that will partially deflect the suns rays , effectively and immediately halting global warming.
This idea was first proposed in 1965, by President Lyndon Johnson’s science advisory committee, which offered one solution to climate change, reflect sunlight away from earth.
While sulfur dioxide is seen as an approach that would have an immediate impact on global warming it also has drawbacks that many see this method as a last resort. Estimates show that it would cost 1 Billion dollars to launch the sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere and depending on the altitude it would only last 1-2 years before it would need to be reintroduced. Additionally, potentially harmful side effects could result such as acid rain and other unforeseen complications by messing with a complex eco system.
While both sides debating the positive and potentially negative effects of geoengineering if the earth keeps warming at the current levels it may become our only option. This has been Elizabeth Chambers for LivingGreenChannel**** with your Eco-Friendly update. Distributed by Tubemogul.
It's sad but true that there are thousands of scientific references and medical studies out there on the fact that radiation and radioactivity can harm you, yet despite millions of dollars spent by the government to study radiation, virtually nothing is available about a detoxification diet or nutritional supplements you might use if you are exposed to radioactive contamination.
Here's some of the information we do know from the only book in the world on the topic. Keep this information in the back of your mind as it may one day help save you or someone you know.
Most people are aware taking potassium iodide (KI) or potassium iodate (KIO3) tablets will help block your thyroid gland from absorbing radioactive iodine should there ever be a dirty bomb explosion or nuclear power plant mishap such as the Three Mile Island incident. In 1999, another such accident happened in Tokaimura, Japan where several individuals died from radiation exposure in a fuel processing facility.
What people don't recognize is that potassium iodide or iodate tablets only protect the thyroid gland and do not provide protection from any other radiation exposure, so taking them should not give you a false sense of security. It's important to detox your body after radioactive exposure!
One question is, what do you do if KI or KIO3 tablets aren't available during an emergency? Interestingly enough, according to research by Ken Miller, health physicist at the Hershey Medical Center, he found that an adult could get a blocking dose of stable iodine by painting 8 ml of a 2 percent tincture of Iodine on the abdomen or forearm approximately 2 hours prior to I-131 contamination. Potassium iodine tablets are best, but if they're not available this is the next best thing.
Balanced Health Today
Call Now 1(888)277-4980
There is no cure for radiation sickness, but symptoms can be treated.
The effects cannot be reversed, but timely treatment can help to contain the damage. Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and weakness can be treated with medications that target these complaints.
Blood transfusions may be needed to treat anemia, and antibiotics reduce the threat of infections.
Patients with some cancers will need both radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Patients who have chemotherapy sometimes take the drug filgrastim to stimulate white blood cells. This may be helpful in repairing the damage to bone marrow caused by radiation.
Preventing radiation sickness
It is important to minimize exposure to radiation. This includes taking appropriate safety measures when working with radiation, avoiding unnecessary X-ray exposure, and being mindful of the dangers of radiation when considering treatments for cancer.
During X-ray imaging tests or radiation therapy, a patient should have a protective shield over the parts of the body not being treated or studied. A female patient should inform the technician if she is, nor may be, pregnant.
A patient who is undergoing radiation therapy can take potassium iodide KI orally either before or after exposure, to protect the thyroid gland from damage. For best results, it should be taken before.
If exposure is limited to hands and feet, and no vital organs have been contaminated, the danger is greatly reduced, and radiation poisoning is less likely.
Most countries have strict rules about the use of radioactive materials in science and industry. If there is an accidental or deliberate release of radioactive material, strategies are in place to evacuate people or to shelter them in appropriate places.
If a major emergency occurred, for example, a radioactive accident or attack, emergency teams would need to identify what type of radiation people had been exposed to, in order to decide how to treat them.
Balanced Health Today
Call Now 1(888)277-4980
The treatment goals for radiation sickness are to prevent further radioactive contamination; treat life-threatening injuries, such as from burns and trauma; reduce symptoms; and manage pain.
Decontamination is the removal of as much external radioactive particles as possible. Removing clothing and shoes eliminates about 90 percent of external contamination. Gently washing with water and soap removes additional radiation particles from the skin.
Decontamination prevents further distribution of radioactive materials and lowers the risk of internal contamination from inhalation, ingestion or open wounds.
Treatment for damaged bone marrow
A protein called granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, which promotes the growth of white blood cells, may counter the effect of radiation sickness on bone marrow. Treatment with this protein-based medication, which includes filgrastim Neupogen, sargramostim Leukine and pegfilgrastim Neulasta, may increase white blood cell production and help prevent subsequent infections.
If you have severe damage to bone marrow, you may also receive transfusions of red blood cells or blood platelets.
Treatment for internal contamination
Some treatments may reduce damage to internal organs caused by radioactive particles. Medical personnel would use these treatments only if you've been exposed to a specific type of radiation. These treatments include the following:
Potassium iodide Thyroshield, Iosat. This is a nonradioactive form of iodine.
Because iodine is essential for proper thyroid function, the thyroid becomes a "destination" for iodine in the body. If you have internal contamination with radioactive iodine radioiodine, your thyroid will absorb radioiodine just as it would other forms of iodine. Treatment with potassium iodide may fill "vacancies" in the thyroid and prevent absorption of radioiodine. The radioiodine is eventually cleared from the body in urine.
Distilled Water – Dr. Kenneth Sutter recommends drinking lots of distilled water for radiation poisoning. A tiny pinch of good quality sea salt in several glasses of distilled water each day will provide one with all the minerals and trace elements they need to stay healthy.
N-acetylcysteine – A glutathione precursor. As a source of sulfhydryl groups, NAC stimulates glutathione (GSH) synthesis, enhances glutathione-S-transferase activity, promotes liver detoxification by inhibiting xenobiotic biotransformation, and is a powerful nucleophile capable of scavenging free radicals. Studies at the Louisville School of Medicine have shown that Glutathione possesses a unique ability to slow the aging process. While Glutathione aids in the protection of all cells and membranes, a study at Harvard Medical School found that glutathione is especially able to enhance immune system cells, protecting against damage from radiation and helping to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, x-rays, and alcohol. As a detoxifier of metals and drugs, glutathione also aids in the treatment of blood and liver disorders.
SSKI – Super Saturated Potassium Iodide. Protects ONLY the thyroid from radioactive idoine. If it is radioactive cessium that is being released, potassium iodide will not be effective for the areas where cessium will accumulate – mainly the reproductive system, kidneys and liver. (see potassium recommendations above) FDA – “It is also notable that the thyroid radiation exposures after Chernobyl were virtually all internal, from radioiodines. Despite some degree of uncertainty in the doses received, it is reasonable to conclude that the contribution of external radiation was negligible for most individuals. This distinguishes the Chernobyl exposures from those of the Marshall Islanders. Thus, the increase in thyroid cancer seen after Chernobyl is attributable to ingested or inhaled radioiodines. A comparable burden of excess thyroid cancers could conceivably accrue should U.