A video-animation presentation about sentinel lymph node biopsies for breast cancer diagnosis. 3D graphics are used to explain the process. Topics include the lymphatic system and the methods used.
*******www.RoboticOncology**** Dr.David B. Samadi M.D. and Dr. Simon Hall M.D. discuss at which point in the Da Vinci robotic prostatectomy procedure are the lymph node dissections removed. For more information on robotic prostatectomy, go to *******www.roboticOncology**** Distributed by Tubemogul.
Massage Therapy Demonstration Lymph Drainage
You have probably heard of many different types of massage such as Japanese massage, Yoni Massage, Thai Massage, Swedish Massage, Tantra Massage, etc. but here is another type of massage that you probably havent heard about. Lymphatic drainage helps both males and females.
A lymphatic drainage massage is a type of full body massage that helps to unblock and drain the lymphatic system.
Athena demonstrates Cranial Sacral Therapy which is a type of alternative medicine which promotes wellness.
Athena is a Cranio Sacral Therapists, a Licensed Massage Therapist and Lymphatic Drainage Therapists.
This video was produced by Psychetruth
Music By Jimmy Gelhaar
Psychetruth is empowered by TubeMogul
© Copyright 2009 Target Public Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
BY KIM HOJONG
You're watching multisource health video news analysis from Newsy.
Breast cancer patients do not necessarily have to go through major surgery on their lymph nodes. That’s according to a study released by the New England Journal of Medicine.
A medical editor for NBC explains -- the news affects some 30 percent of early stage breast cancer patients.
NANCY SNYDERMAN: “This is one of those cases where doing less, according to all the breast cancer experts we talked to, can actually mean better quality of life and really no change in survival for women.”
An expert for the New York Times explains why removing fewer lymph nodes doesn’t hurt the breast cancer survival chances.
“...the tumors were early, at clinical stage T1 or T2, meaning less than two inches across. Biopsies of one or two armpit nodes had found cancer, but the nodes were not enlarged enough to be felt during an exam, and the cancer had not spread anywhere else.”
CNN reports the news is important because lymph node dissection can be painful and sometimes even disabling. Dr. Monica Morrow, the surgical oncologist who led the study, says it’s another important step in the fight against breast cancer.
KIRAN CHETRY, CNN: “What about to your colleagues out there -- other doctors across countries -- who are performing breast cancer surgery. How do you bring them on board and get them to perhaps changing thinking? Which for so long has been, ‘Let’s get these nodes out.’”
DR. MONICA MORROW: “The change is definitely hard, but I think this is not a finding in isolation. ... This is just the next step in that evolution. Drug therapy gets better and surgery can get smaller.”
But, Dr. Katherine Lee, a women’s health expert at the Cleveland Clinic, said the debate over lymph nodes testing is nothing new.
“...how do we treat these cancer cells that are found in these lymph nodes that we didn’t initially find? That’s the important question here. And this study suggests that maybe we don’t have to treat all of these lymph nodes that may have a little bit of cancer cells detected in them.”
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Transcript by Newsy.
What very few patients seem to realize is that the immune system does not fight cancer so long as there is infection in the body. Isn't this one of Nature's ironies? People are more afraid of cancer than infection, but the body tries to eliminate infection before turning its resources towards cancer control. The lymphatic system in many people is overwhelmed by infection, often stemming from dental problems, as well as toxic substances (mercury, aluminum, chemicals from antiperspirants, dry cleaning, and so forth.) Lending a hand to the lymphatic system will usually relieve some of the pressure on other parts of the body.
Functions of the lymphatic system:
1) to maintain the pressure and volume of the extracellular fluid by returning excess water and dissolved substances from the interstitial fluid to the circulation.
2) lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues are the site of clonal production of immunocompetent lymphocytes and macrophages in the specific immune response.
Filtration forces water and dissolved substances from the capillaries into the interstitial fluid. Not all of this water is returned to the blood by osmosis, and excess fluid is picked up by lymph capillaries to become lymph. From lymph capillaries fluid flows into lymph veins (lymphatic vessels) which virtually parallel the circulatory veins and are structurally very similar to them, including the presence of semilunar valves.
The lymphatic veins flow into one of two lymph ducts. The right lymph duct drains the right arm, shoulder area, and the right side of the head and neck. The left lymph duct, or thoracic duct, drains everything else, including the legs, GI tract and other abdominal organs, thoracic organs, and the left side of the head and neck and left arm and shoulder.
These ducts then drain into the subclavian veins on each side where they join the internal jugular veins to form the brachiocephalic veins.
Lymph nodes lie along the lymph veins successively filtering lymph. Afferent lymph veins enter each node, efferent veins lead to the next node becoming afferent veins upon reaching it.
The transformation of primitive or immature lymphocytes into T-lymphocytes and their proliferation in the lymph nodes is promoted by a thymic hormone called thymosin. Ocassionally the thymus persists and may become cancerous after puberty and and the continued secretion of thymosin and the production of abnormal T-cells may contribute to some autoimmune disorders. Conversely, lack of thymosin may also allow inadequate immunologic surveillance and thymosin has been used experimentally to stimulate T-lymphocyte proliferation to fight lymphoma and other cancers.
4. The spleen: The spleen filters the blood and reacts immunologically to blood-borne antigens. This is both a morphologic (physical) and physiologic process. In addition to large numbers of lymphocytes the spleen contains specialized vascular spaces, a meshwork of reticular cells and fibers, and a rich supply of macrophages which monitor the blood. Connective tissue forms a capsule and trabeculae which contain myofibroblasts, which are contractile. The human spleen holds relatively little blood compared to other mammals, but it has the capacity for contraction to release this blood into the circulation during anoxic stress. White pulp in the spleen contains lymphocytes and is equivalent to other lymph tissue, while red pulp contains large numbers of red blood cells that it filters and degrades.
The spleen functions in both immune and hematopoietic systems. Immune functions include: proliferation of lymphocytes, production of antibodies, removal of antigens from the blood. Hematopoietic functions include: formation of blood cells during fetal life, removal and destruction of aged, damaged and abnormal red cells and platelets, retrieval of iron from hemoglobin degradation, storage of red blood cells.
The lymphatic system is an integral part of the circulatory system, just as the blood system is. The lymphatic system is responsible for serving as a medium between the blood system and the cells. If the blood system is like the interstate systems and highways, then the lymphatic system is like the small roads that go to individual houses. The lymphatic system is also an essential component of the immune system.
Most of the herbs that are effective for blood cleansing are also equally as effective for cleansing the lymphatic system. As far as consuming herbal teas and tinctures is concerned, blood system cleansing and lymphatic system cleansing should be treated as one unit, and the same routines can be used for both blood cleanse and lymph cleanse.
One effective cleansing routine that is more specific to the lymphatic system is skin brushing. The physical stimulation of proper skin brushing is a very simple, but very effective tool for helping to purge the lymphatic system, as well as toxins from the skin.
The skin is the 3rd largest organ of elimination after the colon and kidneys, so many toxins can build up in the skin and in the lymphatic networks under the surface of your skin. It is also a very good tool for maintaining beauty and youthfulness, as it promotes healthy and firm skin through greatly improved circulation.
Skin brushing for lymph cleanse should not be underestimated because of its simplicity; it is only the conventional mindset that conditions people to think that less complex equates to less effective. Skin brushing has main functions. It stimulates the movement of lymphatic fluid, stimulates circulation to the skin, and keeps the skin pores free of dead skin cells, which aids in the process of releasing toxins through the skin.
The process of skin brushing for lymph cleanse is straightforward. A brush made of natural fibers should be used, and a brush with a long handle is preferred for physical reach and mobility. A good skin brush can be purchased for 10-20 dollars, and will last for decades if cared for properly.
Skin brushing needs to be done when the skin is dry, and ideally right before a shower or bath. The reason for this is because water will cause the skin to temporarily become suppler and more elastic, which is counterproductive to the type of physical stimulation that is desired when skin brushing. Use somewhat firm pressure, as you are giving an invigorating massage to all layers of your skin. You are not trying to scrub the top layer of your skin off, but you need enough pressure to massage all levels of your skin for a good cleanse lymph.
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There are a number of causes of swollen lymph glands. The most common cause is infection. See your doctor if you have swollen lymph glands and you do not know why they have swollen, or if swollen lymph glands caused by an infection do not go down again within two weeks.
What are lymph glands?
Small lymph glands (sometimes called lymph nodes) occur throughout the body. Lymph glands that are near each other often form into groups or chains. Examples of where lymph glands group together are the sides of the neck, the armpits and the groins. The diagram shows the main groups of lymph glands in the head and neck. However, lymph glands occur in many other places in the body.
Lymph glands are joined together by a network of lymph channels. Lymph is a fluid that forms between the cells of the body. This watery fluid travels in the lymph channels, through various lymph glands and eventually drains into the bloodstream.
Lymph and lymph glands are major parts of the immune system. They contain white blood cells (lymphocytes) and antibodies that defend the body against infection.
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The lymph system’s primary function is to isolate infection and cellular detritus from the rest of the body and deal with it. Imagine you are looking at a handful of living cells through a microscope. A capillary (the smallest blood vessel) delivers blood with its oxygen and nutrients. The local cells use these nutrients and excrete waste. There may be pathogens or antigens present that create an immune response, leaving dead cells and perhaps live infection. Some of the blood and waste products are picked up by tiny veins. But much of the vascular fluid and waste — and hopefully all of the live infection — is picked up by tiny lymph vessels. This process is happening all over the body all the time.
Like tributaries trickling into a stream that feeds a slow-moving river, the lymph system transports lymph fluid through ever-widening vessels, moving it through 500 filtration and collection points — your lymph nodes. At each successive node the lymph fluid is filtered and bacteria is removed. If lymph fluid is blocked in one lymph node it will usually take a detour, but when blockage is extreme it can cause the lymph fluid to back up and cause swelling in the surrounding tissue, a condition known as lymphedema.
The far-reaching lymph vessels merge at certain points to form lymphatic trunks. You have six major lymph trunks in your body, each responsible for draining filtered fluid from one region of the body.
The lumbar and intestinal trunks drain a large volume of purified lymph fluid upward from your lower extremities, pelvis and abdomen into the cisterna chyli, a widened collection pouch at the base of the thoracic duct.
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Lymph Drainage Massage
Lymphatic Drainage Massage (LDT) encourages the body to process and remove stagnant fluid, toxins and wastes as a result of improved lymph flow. As lymph fluid passes through lymph nodes, the body generates production of more lymphocytes to reinforce immune response and support antibodies against foreign substances.
The lymphatic system collects excess fluids in the body and serves as a filtering system to screen out foreign pathogens. This system is a networked chain of vessels spaced throughout the body that drains lymph fluid from surrounding tissues and discharges it back into the bloodstream.
The main functions of the lymph system are to manage fluid levels and filter out bacteria, as well as containing leukocytes (white blood cells) as part of the immune system. Lymph fluid is filtered through the spleen, thymus gland, and lymph nodes before being emptied back into the blood.
Lymphatic flow can stagnate for many reasons such as swelling, chronic inflammation, lack of physical activity, stress, age, fatigue, and tight-fitting clothing. Diminished lymph circulation results in less effective cell regeneration. This permits toxins and proteins to accumulate around the cells, leading to cellular de-oxygenation.
The lymph system collects excess fluids in the body and serves as a filtering system to screen out foreign pathogens. This system is a networked chain of vessels spaced throughout the body that drains lymph fluid from surrounding tissues and discharges it back into the bloodstream.
The main functions of the lymphatic system are to manage fluid levels and filter out bacteria, as well as containing leukocytes (white blood cells) as part of the immune system. Lymph fluid is filtered through the spleen, thymus gland, and lymph nodes before being emptied back into the blood.
Lymphatic flow can stagnate for many reasons such as swelling, chronic inflammation, lack of physical activity,
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A lymph node is a small, round or bean-shaped cluster of cells covered by a capsule of connective tissue. The cells are a combination of lymphocytes which produce protein particles that capture invaders, such as viruses and macrophages, which break down the captured material. Lymphocytes and macrophages filter your lymphatic fluid as it travels through your body and protect you by destroying invaders.
Lymph nodes are located in groups, and each group drains a specific area of your body. You may be more likely to notice swelling in certain areas, such as in the lymph nodes in your neck, under your chin, in your armpits and in your groin. The site of the swollen lymph nodes may help identify the underlying cause.
The most common cause of swollen lymph nodes is an infection, particularly a viral infection, such as the common cold. Other possible causes of swollen lymph nodes include:
* Strep throat
* Ear infections
* Infected (abscessed) tooth
* Skin or wound infections, such as cellulitis
* Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — the virus that causes AIDS
* Toxoplasmosis — a parasitic infection resulting from contact with the feces of an infected cat or eating undercooked meat
* Cat scratch fever — a bacterial infection from a cat scratch or bite
Immune system disorders
* Lupus — a chronic inflammatory disease that can target your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs
* Rheumatoid arthritis — a chronic inflammatory disease that targets the tissue that lines your joints (synovium)
* Lymphoma — cancer that originates in your lymphatic system
* Leukemia — cancer of your body's blood-forming tissue, including your bone marrow and lymphatic system
* Other cancers that have spread (metastasized ) to lymph nodes
Other possible but rare causes include certain medications, such as the anti-seizure medication
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A swollen lymph node can be as small as the size of a pea and as large as the size of a cherry.
Swollen lymph nodes can be painful to the touch, or they can hurt when you make certain movements.
Swollen lymph nodes under the jaw or on either side of the neck may hurt when you turn your head in a certain way or when you’re chewing food. They can often be felt simply by running your hand over your neck just below your jawline. They may be tender.
Swollen lymph nodes in the groin may cause pain when walking or bending.
Other symptoms that may be present along with swollen lymph nodes are:
If you experience any of these symptoms, or if you have painful swollen lymph nodes and no other symptoms, consult your doctor. Lymph nodes that are swollen but not tender can be signs of a serious problem, such as cancer.
In some cases, the swollen lymph node will get smaller as other symptoms go away. If a lymph node is swollen and painful or if the swelling lasts more than a few days, see your doctor.
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Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped glands throughout the body. They are part of the lymph system, which carries fluid lymph fluid, nutrients, and waste material between the body tissues and the bloodstream.
The lymph system is an important part of the immune system, the body's defense system against disease. The lymph nodes filter lymph fluid as it flows through them, trapping bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances, which are then destroyed by special white blood cells called lymphocytes.
Lymph nodes may be found singly or in groups. And they may be as small as the head of a pin or as large as an olive. Groups of lymph nodes can be felt in the neck, groin, and underarms. Lymph nodes generally are not tender or painful. Most lymph nodes in the body cannot be felt.
Our bodies have a network of lymph vessels and lymph nodes. Lymph is pronounced limf. This network is a part of the body’s immune system. It collects fluid, waste material, and other things like viruses and bacteria) that are in the body tissues, outside the bloodstream.
Lymph vessels are a lot like the veins that collect and carry blood through the body. But instead of carrying blood, these vessels carry the clear watery fluid called lymph.
Lymph fluid flows out from capillary walls to bathe the body’s tissue cells. It carries oxygen and other nutrients to the cells, and carries away waste products like carbon dioxide CO2 that flow out of the cells. Lymph fluid also contains white blood cells, which help fight infections.
Lymph fluid would build up and cause swelling if it were not drained in some way. That’s the role of the lymph vessels. Lymph vessels draw up the lymph fluid from around the cells to send it towards the chest. There, lymph fluid collects into a large vessel that drains into a blood vessel near the heart.
Lymph fluid is carried to your lymph nodes by lymphatic vessels. Your lymph nodes filter out harmful substances and waste products. They also contain immune cells that destroy cancer cells and bacteria.
The filtered fluid is then returned to your blood circulation.
If you have an infection or cancer, a lymph node may become swollen. If you are concerned about your lymph nodes, speak to your doctor.
Lymph nodes and cancer
Sometimes cancer can start in the lymph nodes (such as in lymphoma), but cancer can also spread from one part of the body to another through lymph nodes.
If a person has cancer, doctors examine lymph nodes carefully to see whether or not they are affected by cancer. They can do this by:
feeling all the nodes in the body
getting scans, for example a CT scan
removing nodes near the cancer, then examining them under a microscope
taking a biopsy of the lymph nodes near the cancer, then examining them under a microscope.
This is done to see if the cancer has spread or not. This helps doctors work out the best treatment for the cancer.
Lymph nodes are tiny, bean-shaped organs that filter lymph fluid. They are located throughout the body, but particular collections are found just under the skin in the neck, under the arms, and in the groin area. Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system, which is one of the body's defense mechanisms against the spread of infection and cancer.
Lymph is clear fluid that is made up of water, white blood cells, proteins, and fats that have filtered out of blood vessels into the spaces between cells. Some of the fluid is reabsorbed by the blood vessels, but the rest enters the lymphatic vessels. Lymph then passes through the lymph nodes, which are specific collection points where damaged cells, infectious organisms, and cancer cells are filtered from the fluid and destroyed. If many infectious organisms or cancer cells are present, the lymph nodes swell. Sometimes, organisms cause infection within a lymph node.
Lymphadenopathy is the term doctors use to refer to swollen lymph nodes. A few small nodes often can be felt in healthy people. Lymph nodes that are larger and easily felt may be a sign of a disorder. Some people use the term "swollen glands" to refer to swollen lymph nodes, especially when the nodes in the neck are swollen. However, lymph nodes are not glands.
Lymphadenitis is the term used when swollen lymph nodes are painful or have signs of inflammation (for example, redness or tenderness). Lymph nodes in only one body area may be swollen, or nodes in two or more body areas can be swollen. Other symptoms, such as sore throat, runny nose, or fever, may be present depending on the cause. Sometimes swollen lymph nodes are discovered when the person is being examined because of another symptom.