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Byblos (Βύβλος) is the Greek name of the Phoenician city Gebal (earlier Gubla). It is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate of present-day Lebanon under the current Arabic name of Jbeil (جبيل Ǧubayl) and was also referred to as Gibelet during the Crusades. It is believed to have been founded around 5000 BC, and according to fragments attributed to the semi-legendary pre-Trojan war Phoenician historian Sanchuniathon, it was built by Cronus as the first city in Phoenicia.[1] Today it is believed by many to be the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the world. It is mentioned in the Bible in 1 Kings 5:18, referring to the nationality of the builders of Solomon's Temple.Ancient Phoenician Temples In the archaeological site of Byblos there are the remains of the Great Temple (also known as L-Shaped temple) built in 2700 BC, Temple of Baalat Gebal built in 2700 BC and Temple of the Obelisks built around 1600 BC. Byblos Castle Main article: Byblos Castle Byblos Castle was built by the crusaders in the 12th century. It is located in the archaeological site near the port. Medieval City Wall The old medieval part of Byblos is surrounded by walls running about 270m from east to west and 200m from north to south Byblos Wax Museum Main article: Byblos Wax Museum This museum displays wax statues of characters from Phoenician times to current days St John the Baptist Church Work on the church started during the crusades in 1150. It was damaged during an earthquake in the 12th century and also during several conflicts. Byblos Fossil Museum Main article: Byblos Fossil Museum Byblos Fossil Museum has a collection of fossilized fish, sharks, eel, flying fish, and other marine life, some millions of years old. Historic Quarter and Souks In the southeast section of the historic city, near the entrance of the archaeological site, is an old market where tourists can shop for souvenirs and antiques, or simply stroll along the old cobblestone streets and enjoy the architecture. Byblos International Festival Main article: Byblos International Festival This summer music festival is an annual event that takes place in the historic quarter. ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤ Le site antique se trouve sur une pointe de terre qui contrôle deux baies, une au nord qui abrite l'actuel port, l'autre au sud. Depuis ce port furent probablement exportés une grande quantité de bois de cèdre du Liban vers l'Égypte et la Grèce. Le site antique comprend les fortifications antiques, des tombes de rois de Byblos dont celle d'Ahiram, dans laquelle a été découverte le sarcophage sur lequel est inscrit la plus vieille transcription phénicienne et enfin le fameux puits naturel, lieu originel de l'une des plus vieille ville du monde. Le sarcophage d'Ahiram est aujourd'hui exposé au musée de Beyrouth. Sur le site antique de Byblos se trouvent des ruines de toutes les populations qui ont habité la région depuis sa fondation. On y trouve en particulier une colonnade romaine ainsi qu'une nymphée au nord-est du site; les murailles de la ville phénicienne; les fortifications perses; un point d'eau utilisé par de multiples civilisations; la citadelle croisée, et même une maison du début du XXe siècle.L'ancienne cité est entourée de murailles d'époque médiévale comportant des fûts de colonnes antiques inclus dans les murs. Cette méthode de construction est également visible au « château de la mer » de saint Louis à Sidon (Saïda). L'intérieur de la cité abrite une église construite par les Génois, une petite mosquée, un souk d'artisanat local, le château croisé, le site antique et le port.
15 Dec 2008
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clubmed les deux alpes visite du theatre
18 Apr 2009
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