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How to Treat Prostate Cancer with Androgen Deprivation Therapy|hormone treatment for prostate cancer works by which action
Androgen Deprivation Therapy—also known as hormone therapy—is a way of lowering certain hormones (“androgens”) in the male body to treat prostate cancer. (Surgical therapy is also an option.) Studies have shown that prostate cancer may shrink or grow at a slower pace when androgen levels are reduced. Thus, many doctors and prostate cancer patients look to androgen deprivation therapy as an important prostate cancer treatment. By learning about it and consulting your physician, you may find that undergoing androgen deprivation therapy is the right treatment for you.
Talk to your doctor. After your initial diagnosis of prostate cancer in previously untreated prostate cancer patients, you’ll likely schedule a series of appointments with an oncological specialist. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and circumstances and make a recommendation about potential treatments.
A physician will gather detailed medical history and perform a physical exam, if they have not done so already.
Your doctor will explain to you your diagnosis, prognosis, and potential treatments. Based on diagnostics, they will likely talk about your “grade” or level of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is graded on a scale from 1 through 10, with 5 or above indicating tissue that is extremely abnormal and indicative of cancer. This is called a Gleason Score the higher the Gleason Score the more aggressive the cancer
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Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer among American men. It is most common among African American men. Treatment for prostate cancer works best when the disease is found early.
Early prostate cancer does not usually cause symptoms. As the cancer grows, it may cause trouble urinating. Also, your elderly father may need to urinate often, especially at night. Other symptoms can be pain or burning during urination, blood in the urine or semen, pain in the back, hips, or pelvis, and painful ejaculation.
To figure out if these symptoms are caused by prostate cancer, your doctor will ask your aging dad questions about his past medical problems. He or she will perform a physical exam. In the exam, the doctor will put a gloved finger into your father's rectum to feel the prostate through the wall of the rectum. Hard or lumpy areas may be a sign of cancer.
Your doctor may also do a test to check the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level in your dad's blood. PSA levels may be high in men who have an enlarged prostate gland or prostate cancer. Your elderly father may also need to have an ultrasound exam. In this procedure, a probe that produces sound waves is put into the rectum. Sound waves bounce off the tissues, and a computer uses the echoes to make a picture of the prostate.
A biopsy is almost always needed to diagnose prostate cancer. This can be done in a doctor's office using a local anesthetic. The doctor takes out tiny pieces of the prostate and sends them to a laboratory to be checked for cancer cells under a microscope.