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"there are no known violations of the second law of thermodynamics. Ordinarily the second law is stated for isolated systems, but the second law applies equally well to open systems." John Ross, Chemical and Engineering News, 7 July 1980 Can “ANYTHING” Happen in an Open System? - Granville Sewell Excerpt: If we found evidence that DNA, auto parts, computer chips, and books entered through the Earth’s atmosphere at some time in the past, then perhaps the appearance of humans, cars, computers, and encyclopedias on a previously barren planet could be explained without postulating a violation of the second law here (it would have been violated somewhere else!). *******www.math.utep.edu/Faculty/sewell/articles/appendixd.pdf Evolution's Thermodynamic Failure - Granville Sewell (Professor of Mathematics Texas University - El Paso) *******www.spectator****/dsp_article.asp?art_id=9128 Walter L. Bradley, Information, Entropy, and the Origin of Life: Excerpt: He clarifies the distinction between configurational and thermal entropy, and shows why materialistic theories of chemical evolution have not explained the configurational entropy present in living systems, a feature of living systems that Bradley takes to be strong evidence of intelligent design. *******www.discovery****/a/2640 The ID argument from thermodynamics: Excerpt: "energy cannot create CSI (Complex Specified Information)." *******www.uncommondescent****/intelligent-design/the-id-argument-from-thermodynamics/#more-9090 Mathematical refutation of the open system entropy argument - by Kairosfocus *******www.angelfire****/pro/kairosfocus/resources/Info_design_and_science.htm#thermod Conservation of Information In Search - William Dembski and Robert Marks - Sept. 2009 *******ieeexplore.ieee****/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?isnumber=5208652&arnumber=5204206 Water is considered a 'universal solvent' which is a very thermodynamic obeying and thus origin of life defying fact. Professor Arthur E. Wilder-Smith "Any amounts of polypeptide which might be formed will be broken down into their initial components (amino acids) by the excess of water. The ocean is thus practically the last place on this or any other planet where the proteins of life could be formed spontaneously from amino acids. Yet nearly all text-books of biology teach this nonsense to support evolutionary theory and spontaneous biogenesis ... Has materialistic Neo-Darwinian philosophy overwhelmed us to such an extent that we forget or overlook the well-known facts of science and of chemistry in order to support this philosophy? ... Without exception all Miller's amino acids are completely unsuitable for any type of spontaneous biogenesis. And the same applies to all and any randomly formed substances and amino acids which form racemates. This statement is categorical and absolute and cannot be affected by special conditions." *******theevolutioncrisis*******/testimony3.php Sea Salt only adds to this thermodynamic problem. ...even at concentrations seven times weaker than in today’s oceans. The ingredients of sea salt are very effective at dismembering membranes and preventing RNA units (monomers) from forming polymers any longer than two links (dimers). Creation Evolution News - Sept. 2002 Refutation Of Hyperthermophile Origin Of Life scenario Excerpt: While life, if appropriately designed, can survive under extreme physical and chemical conditions, it cannot originate under those conditions. High temperatures are especially catastrophic for evolutionary models. The higher the temperature climbs, the shorter the half-life for all the crucial building block molecules, *******www.reasons****/LateHeavyBombardmentIntensityandtheOriginofLife Chemist explores the membranous origins of the first living cell: Excerpt: Conditions in geothermal springs and similar extreme environments just do not favor membrane formation, which is inhibited or disrupted by acidity, dissolved salts, high temperatures, and calcium, iron, and magnesium ions. Furthermore, mineral surfaces in these clay-lined pools tend to remove phosphates and organic chemicals from the solution. "We have to face up to the biophysical facts of life," Deamer said. "Hot, acidic hydrothermal systems are not conducive to self-assembly processes." *******currents.ucsc.edu/05-06/04-03/deamer.asp Self Replication and Perpetual Motion - The Second Law's Take On The RNA World *******theory-of-evolution****/chap10/self-replicating-RNA-perpetual-motion-4.php Three subsets of sequence complexity and their relevance to biopolymeric information - David L Abel and Jack T Trevors: Excerpt: Genetic algorithms instruct sophisticated biological organization. Three qualitative kinds of sequence complexity exist: random (RSC), ordered (OSC), and functional (FSC). FSC alone provides algorithmic instruction...No empirical evidence exists of either RSC of OSC ever having produced a single instance of sophisticated biological organization...It is only in researching the pre-RNA world that the problem of single-stranded metabolically functional sequencing of ribonucleotides (or their analogs) becomes acute. *******www.biomedcentral****/content/pdf/1742-4682-2-29.pdf The Capabilities of Chaos and Complexity - David L. Abel - 2009 Excerpt: "A monstrous ravine runs through presumed objective reality. It is the great divide between physicality and formalism. On the one side of this Grand Canyon lies everything that can be explained by the chance and necessity of physicodynamics. On the other side lies those phenomena than can only be explained by formal choice contingency and decision theory—the ability to choose with intent what aspects of ontological being will be preferred, pursued, selected, rearranged, integrated, organized, preserved, and used. Physical dynamics includes spontaneous non linear phenomena, but not our formal applied-science called “non linear dynamics”(i.e. language,information). *******www.mdpi****/1422-0067/10/1/247/pdf "No man-made program comes close to the technical brilliance of even Mycoplasmal genetic algorithms. Mycoplasmas are the simplest known organism with the smallest known genome, to date. How was its genome and other living organisms' genomes programmed?" - David L. Abel and Jack T. Trevors, “Three Subsets of Sequence Complexity and Their Relevance to Biopolymeric Information,” Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling, Vol. 2, 11 August 2005, page 8 *******www.biomedcentral****/content/pdf/1742-4682-2-29.pdf The Physics of the Small and Large: What is the Bridge Between Them? Roger Penrose Excerpt: "The time-asymmetry is fundamentally connected to with the Second Law of Thermodynamics: indeed, the extraordinarily special nature (to a greater precision than about 1 in 10^10^123, in terms of phase-space volume) can be identified as the "source" of the Second Law (Entropy)." *******www.pul.it/irafs/CD%20IRAFS%2702/texts/Penrose.pdf How special was the big bang? - Roger Penrose Excerpt: "This now tells us how precise the Creator's aim must have been: namely to an accuracy of one part in 10^10^123." *******www.ws5****/Penrose/ This 1 in 10^10^123 number, for the time-asymmetry of the initial state of entropy (or order) for the universe, also lends strong support for "highly specified infinite information" creating the universe since the universe, as a whole, has been losing order ever since the big bang; "Gain in entropy always means loss of information, and nothing more." Gilbert Newton Lewis Conservation Of Transcendent Information - 2007 - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3995275/intelligent_design_conservation_of_transcendent_information/ Scientific Evidence For God (Logos) Creating The Universe - 2008 - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3995300/scientific_evidence_for_god_logos_creating_the_universe/ "Information is information, not matter or energy. No materialism which does not admit this can survive at the present day." Norbert Weiner - MIT Mathematician - Father of Cybernetics Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/
8 Mar 2010
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9:53
The extreme level of order, for the initial state of entropy for the universe, is reflected in the following: The Physics of the Small and Large: What is the Bridge Between Them? Roger Penrose Excerpt: "The time-asymmetry is fundamentally connected to with the Second Law of Thermodynamics: indeed, the extraordinarily special nature (to a greater precision than about 1 in 10^10^123, in terms of phase-space volume) can be identified as the "source" of the Second Law (Entropy)." *******www.pul.it/irafs/CD%20IRAFS%2702/texts/Penrose.pdf How special was the big bang? - Roger Penrose Excerpt: This now tells us how precise the Creator's aim must have been: namely to an accuracy of one part in 10^10^123. (from the Emperor’s New Mind, Penrose, pp 339-345 - 1989) *******www.ws5****/Penrose/ This 1 in 10^10^123 number, for the time-asymmetry of the initial state of entropy for the universe, also lends strong support for "highly specified infinite information" creating the universe since; "Gain in entropy always means loss of information, and nothing more." Gilbert Newton Lewis Conservation Of Transcendent Information - 2007 - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3995275/intelligent_design_conservation_of_transcendent_information/ Explaining Information Transfer in Quantum Teleportation: Armond Duwell †‡ University of Pittsburgh Excerpt: In contrast to a classical bit, the description of a qubit requires an infinite amount of information. The amount of information is infinite because two real numbers are required in the expansion of the state vector of a two state quantum system (Jozsa 1997, 1) --- Concept 2. is used by Bennett, et al. Recall that they infer that since an infinite amount of information is required to specify a qubit, an infinite amount of information must be transferred to teleport. *******www.cas.umt.edu/phil/faculty/duwell/DuwellPSA2K.pdf Scientific Evidence For God (Logos) Creating The Universe - 2008 - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3995300/scientific_evidence_for_god_logos_creating_the_universe/ How Teleportation Will Work - Excerpt: In 1993, the idea of teleportation moved out of the realm of science fiction and into the world of theoretical possibility. It was then that physicist Charles Bennett and a team of researchers at IBM confirmed that quantum teleportation was possible, but only if the original object being teleported was destroyed. --- As predicted, the original photon no longer existed once the replica was made. *******science.howstuffworks****/teleportation1.htm The Known Universe - Dec. 2009 - very cool video (please note the centrality of the earth in the universe) *******www.youtube****/v/17jymDn0W6U "It was not possible to formulate the laws (of quantum theory) in a fully consistent way without reference to consciousness." Eugene Wigner (1902 -1995) laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 *******en.wikipedia****/wiki/Eugene_Wigner *******en.wikipedia****/wiki/Consciousness_causes_collapse The Center Of The Universe Is Life - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3993426/the_center_of_the_universe_is_life/ Does God Exist? - Argument From The Origin Of Nature - Kirk Durston - video *******vimeo****/1786558 William Lane Craig - Hilbert's Hotel - The Absurdity Of An Infinite Regress Of "Things" - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/3994011/william_lane_craig_the_absurdity_of_an_infinite_regress_of_things/ Entire Thermodynamic lecture by Dr. Kindell: Thermodynamic Argument Against Evolution - Thomas Kindell - video *******www.youtube****/watch?v=MV3WWDfGsX4 Does God Exist? The End Of Christianity - Finding a Good God in an Evil World - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/4007708/does_god_exist_finding_a_good_god_in_an_evil_world/ Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/
12 Aug 2010
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*******www.amazines****/article_detail_new.cfm/5013805?articleid=5013805 click here to find out more
20 Mar 2013
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3:43
*******www.BaseballStrengthBlog**** - Apparently I confused some of you (from the hundreds of e-mails I received) with my comparison of baseball training to the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Hopefully this clears things up a bit...
6 Nov 2009
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Get the Book! *******tinyurl****/p2yj7q Dr. Phil goes into details on the Bible proving the Laws of Thermodynamics thousands of years ago before scientist ever had the grip on the idea! More evidence stacking up for the Creator!
16 May 2009
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Heat and Thermodynamics - First Law of Thermodynamics (for more content of IIT visit www.topchalks****)
21 Jun 2009
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9:03
*******www.plancess**** - Seeing is Believing! Watch our demo video lecture by Vaibhav Krishan ( IIT-JEE AIR - 22 ) on Waves on a String...Stay tuned for more...!!!!
11 Jul 2012
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7:07
Here is a very good peer reviewed paper by Dr. McIntosh: Information and entropy – top-down or bottom-up development in living systems? A.C. McINTOSH Excerpt: It is proposed in conclusion that it is the non-material information (transcendent to the matter and energy) that is actually itself constraining the local thermodynamics to be in ordered disequilibrium and with specified raised free energy levels necessary for the molecular and cellular machinery to operate. *******journals.witpress****/pages/papers.asp?iID=47&in=4&vn=4&jID=19 Though there are many definitions for information, as to how the patterns of information are encoded on to a material basis, many people fail to realize that information is a "real" tangible entity which is now "scientifically shown to be completely transcendent of matter and energy by quantum teleportation and entanglement experiments. This is especially true now that the infamous "hidden variable" argument has been overturned. Moreover purely material processes, such as though observed in Darwinian processes have never been observed generating many forms of information that are commonly seen coming from a "mind",, such as mathematical logic, music, or encoded information of any sort such as what we see in the DNA code. Basically quantum mechanics has shown that transcendent information exercises dominion of matter-energy, which is the "phenomena we observe in DNA and computer coding, whereas material processes have never shown the ability to generate information. The DNA Code - Solid Scientific Proof Of Intelligent Design - Perry Marshall *******www.metacafe****/watch/4060532 For more in depth detail on Intelligent Design please see this site: Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/2009/10/intelligent-design-anthropic-hypothesis_19.html
11 Jun 2010
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Here is the entire video by Professor McIntosh: Design, Information and The Word of God *******edinburghcreationgroup****/digwog.xml Though there are many definitions for information, as to how different hierarchal patterns of information are encoded on to a material basis,,, see here for a list: In the Beginning was Information - Werner Gitt *******www.sedin****/propeng/informat.htm ,,, many people fail to realize that information is in fact a “real” tangible entity which is now “scientifically” shown to be its own unique physical entity which is completely transcendent of matter and energy by quantum teleportation and entanglement experiments. This is shown to be especially true now that the infamous “hidden variable” argument has been overturned by Alain Aspect. Moreover purely material processes, including those observed in Darwinian processes have never been observed generating many forms of information that are commonly, and exclusively, seen coming from a “mind”,, such forms of information as mathematical logic, music, or encoded information of any sort such as the coded information we see in the DNA code. The DNA Code - Solid Scientific Proof Of Intelligent Design - Perry Marshall *******www.metacafe****/watch/4060532 Basically quantum mechanics has shown us that transcendent information exercises dominion, and control, of matter-energy at the most basic foundational level of reality, which is of the same type of fundamental dominion, and control, of matter-energy we observe in the types of information we see encoded into DNA coding and computer coding, whereas material processes have never shown the ability to generate any of this encoded “control” information whatsoever. In fact material processes consistently degrade the information found encoded in life: Random Mutations Destroy Information - Perry Marshall - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/4023143/random_mutations_destroy_information_perry_marshall/ All Well Studied Mutations Reduce Genetic Information - Dr. Georgia Purdom - video *******www.metacafe****/watch/4121891/all_well_studied_mutations_reduce_genetic_information_dr_georgia_purdom/ Mutation Studies, Videos, And Quotes *******docs.google****/Doc?docid=0AYmaSrBPNEmGZGM4ejY3d3pfMjZjZnM5M21mZg “information is physical” Rolf Landauer “Information is Information, neither matter nor energy. No materialism that fails to take account of this can survive the present day.” - Norbert Weiner John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. The Capabilities of Chaos and Complexity: David L. Abel – Null Hypothesis For Information Generation – 2009 To focus the scientific community’s attention on its own tendencies toward overzealous metaphysical imagination bordering on “wish-fulfillment,” we propose the following readily falsifiable null hypothesis, and invite rigorous experimental attempts to falsify it: “Physicodynamics cannot spontaneously traverse The Cybernetic Cut: physicodynamics alone cannot organize itself into formally functional systems requiring algorithmic optimization, computational halting, and circuit integration.” A single exception of non trivial, unaided spontaneous optimization of formal function by truly natural process would falsify this null hypothesis. *******www.mdpi****/1422-0067/10/1/247/pdf Can We Falsify Any Of The Following Null Hypothesis (For Information Generation) 1) Mathematical Logic 2) Algorithmic Optimization 3) Cybernetic Programming 4) Computational Halting 5) Integrated Circuits 6) Organization (e.g. homeostatic optimization far from equilibrium) 7) Material Symbol Systems (e.g. genetics) 8) Any Goal Oriented bona fide system 9) Language 10) Formal function of any kind 11) Utilitarian work *******mdpi****/1422-0067/10/1/247/ag Here is a very good peer reviewed paper by Dr. McIntosh: Information and entropy – top-down or bottom-up development in living systems? A.C. McINTOSH Excerpt: It is proposed in conclusion that it is the non-material information (transcendent to the matter and energy) that is actually itself constraining the local thermodynamics to be in ordered disequilibrium and with specified raised free energy levels necessary for the molecular and cellular machinery to operate. *******journals.witpress****/pages/papers.asp?iID=47&in=4&vn=4&jID=19 Information – What it is really? – video *******www.youtube****/watch?v=WytNkw1xOIc For more in depth detail on Intelligent Design please see this site: Intelligent Design - The Anthropic Hypothesis *******lettherebelight-77.blogspot****/2009/10/intelligent-design-anthropic-hypothesis_19.html
11 Jun 2010
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Classof1 presents about fuel cells and their functionality. Fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that turns chemical energy from a fuel into electric energy. Electricity is produced from the reaction between a fuel supply and an oxidizing agent. The reactants flow into a cell, and the reaction products flow out of it, while the electrolyte stays inside it. Fuel cells can function constantly as long as the required reactant and oxidant flows are maintained. Fuel cells are varied from traditional electrochemical cell batteries in that they consume reactant from an external source which must be replenished as thermodynamically open system.
18 Feb 2013
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1:07
This video will present new ideas into the Global Warming Debate. NOTE* This video is not to discuss the actual temperature change, it is to discuss what mankind should do about it, if anything at all.
23 Nov 2007
777
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The "Hot Ice" reaction is amazing, but messy and can only be used once. A great reusable alternative of a supersaturated solution are chemical hot packs that you can buy from a camping store. They contain a solution of sodium acetate that can be reset in less than an hour. They are also good as hand warmers, but why would you buy those?
23 Jan 2008
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15:02
This is our last lab report. It was rejected for being to long from the other sites. Hope you enjoy!
27 Apr 2009
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4:51
*******www.AmbassadorOfHeaven**** When you think of an explosion, you see disaster! That is what happen during the time of the Big Bang, but how does the laws of the Universe form?
7 May 2009
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3:35
THERE IS NO SODIUM ACETATE! It seems that my freezer loves supercooling... LOL It always lets me a bottle ready to an instant freezing! REMEMBER! Use ONLY plastic bottles and DON'T try it with glass bottles or they will BURST! (yeah, probably killing you). Make the bottles cold slowly and in perfect calmness. And be lucky. If you are interested in the phenomenon look at the Wikipedia: *******en.wikipedia****/wiki/Supercooled The next time I'll try to do it better, making an ice tower!
13 May 2010
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