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Copenhague est la capitale du Danemark. Son nom danois, København, déformation de Købmandshavn, le port des...
Copenhague est la capitale du Danemark. Son nom danois, København, déformation de Købmandshavn, le port des commerçants, rappelle sa position stratégique à l'entrée de la mer Baltique. Le nom français est lui dérivé de l'allemand Kopenhagen.LES ATTRACTIONS DE LA VILLE : Palais Amalienborg ,Bakken Christiania Christiansborg Copenhagen Zoo Musée des Beaux Arts Danois Parc des daims Église Saint Alban Église de Grundtvig Château de Frederiksborg à Hillerød Fontaine Gefion Kongens Have Château Kronborg La Petite Sirène Musée d'art moderne Louisiana Musée National Danois Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Nyhavn Palais Rosenborg Rundetårn Strøget Jardins de Tivoli : parc d'attraction Planétarium Tycho Brahé Vor Frelser Kirke Opéra de Copenhague Orchestre royal du Danemark Orchestre symphonique national du Danemark Salle symphonique de Copenhague construite par Jean Nouvel ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤ Copenhagen (IPA: /ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən, ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən, ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən, ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən/; Danish: København (help·info) IPA: [kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn, kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn]) is the capital and largest city of Denmark. It is situated on the Islands of Zealand and Amager. The oldest section of Copenhagen's inner city is often referred to as "Middelalderbyen" (The Medieval City). However, the most distinctive district of Copenhagen is Frederiksstaden developed during the reign of Frederick V. It has Amalienborg Palace at its centre and is dominated by the dome of the Marble Church as well as a number of elegant 18th century mansions. Also part of the old inner city of Copenhagen is the small island of Slotsholmen with Christiansborg Palace and Christianshavn. Around the historicacal city center lies a band of charming, dense and well-preserved residential bouroughs (Vesterbro, Inner Nørrebro, Inner Østerbro) dating mainly from late 19th century. Yhey were built outside the old ramparts of the city when the city was finally allowed to expand beyond this barrier. Sometimes referred to as "the City of Spires", Copenhagen is known for its horizontal skyline, only broken by spires at churches and castles. Most characteristic is the baroque spire of Church of Our Saviour with its spiralling and narrowing external stairs that visitors can climb to the very top of the spire. Other important spires are those of Christiansborg Palace, the City Hall and the former Church of St. Nikolaj that now houses a modern art venue. A bit lower are the renaissance spires of Rosenborg Castle and the "dragon spire" of [[Christian IV of Christian IV's former stock exchange, so named because it is shaped as the tails of four dragons twined together. Recent years has seen a tremendous boom in modern architecture in Copenhagen both when it comes to Danish architecture and works by international architects. For a few hundred years, virtually no foreign architects had worked in Copenhagen but since the mid 1990s the city and its immediate sourroundings have seen buildings and projects from such international star architects as Norman Foster[18], Hadid[19], FNouvel[20] and Liebeskind[21]. In the same time, a number of Danish architects have achieved great success both in Copenhagen and abroad. This has led to a number of international architecture awards. In 2008 British design magazine Monocle named Copenhagen __World's best design city 2008.[22] Buildings in Copenhagen have won RIBA European Awards four years in a row ("Sampension" in 2005[23], "Kilen" in 2006[24], "Tietgenkollegiet" in 2007[25] and the Royal Playhouse in 2008[26]). At the 2008 World Architecture Festival in Barcelona, Bjarke Ingels Group won an award for the World's Best Residential Building 2008 for a house in Ørestad.[27] The Forum AID Award for Best building in Scandinavia went to Copenhagen buildings both in 2006[28] and 2008[29]. The boom in urban development and modern architecture means that the above mentioned horizontal skyline see some changes. A political majority has decided to kepp the historical center free of highrises. But in its, several areas will see or have already seen massive urban development.